AFRI A-731 Seminar on Contemporary Africa
Topic: African Mobilities and Expressive Culture
Associate Professor Daniel Reed, Department of Folklore and Ethnomusicology
Mobility is a concept frequently at play in scholarly discussions of African expressive culture today. In this seminar, we will focus on various types of mobility, including movements of people such as immigrants and refugees, transnational networks formed through activities in the marketplace of African artistic practices, and the creative processes of artists themselves, which evince engagement with various kinds of discursive mobility.
In this seminar, our primary focus will be immigrant expressive cultural practice. In the past quarter century, economic inequities and related factors have led to an exponential increase in immigration of Africans to locations across the world, from China to Ukraine to the USA. Many transnationally mobile Africans use expressive cultural practices as resources for economic betterment, which can lead to yet further voluntary mobility and economic emancipation. In other cases, displaced Africans, having left their home communities, find themselves increasingly immobile, trapped in refugee camps or limiting situations of poverty in and outside the continent. Through the study of music, dance, literature, film, and other expressive cultural forms, what can we learn about the lives of contemporary African immigrants and other transnationally mobile African peoples? Transportable, adaptable and fluid, the arts serve as a means for Africans on the continent and in the diaspora to negotiate new subjectivities and forms of community; to express emotion, reflect on the past and comment on the present; and to assert agency in the face of sometimes great hardship. As such, the arts can serve as effective means to understand African immigrant experience in the world today.
This seminar will include readings and guest lecturers from both inside and outside IU and from various disciplinary backgrounds, such as ethnomusicology, history, sociology, anthropology, and comparative literature. All students must attend all seminars and guest lectures; written requirements vary according to whether the class is taken for one, two or thee credit hours, as follows:
- One credit hour: Write a 100-150 word synopsis of each reading.
- Two credit hours: In addition to the reading synopses, write a 600-800 word book review on any two of the assigned readings. Each should include a brief description and a more lengthy analytical assessment of the work—its strength and weaknesses, the importance of the topic it engages, and the publication’s value as a thorough and insightful contribution to African Studies.
- Three credit hours: In addition to the assignments for 1 and 2 credits, write a research paper on a topic of your choice, applying the information, insights, and intellectual perspectives presented in one or several of the assigned readings. Your paper should be 12-15 pages in length.
Topic: African Politics: Challenges of Development and Democracy
Professor Lauren M. MacLean, Department of Political Science
Africa and African politics is not simply tragedy. While not glossing over the depth and recurrence of crises in Africa, this course seeks to uncover our commonly-held assumptions and go beyond simple stereotypes. During the course, we will try to understand the complexity, variety and fluidity of African politics. Perhaps more than any other continent, politics are not always what they seem on the surface; they vary tremendously from place to place; and they change sometimes quickly and radically.
The course is organized around four main sets of issues:
- the legacies of the past for African politics today;
- the economic challenges continuing to face Africa;
- the prospects for democracy in Africa; and,
- Africa’s relationship with other countries, donors, and NGOs.
This course is intended as a graduate-level introduction to the politics of Sub-Saharan Africa and does not require that students have prior experience or background in the area. The course will be enriched by the participation of Africanist political scientists, Africanists outside of political science, as well as those non-Africanist students with relevant theoretical interests in comparative politics, public policy, IR, and political theory.
Not only will we learn more about Africa, but Africa can test our theories about democracy, state-building, political economy, participation, citizenship, etc., and teach us about other parts of the world and ourselves. By the end of the course, we will see how the challenges and problems confronting African societies concern us all.
While the course focuses more heavily on the events of the last two decades, approximately one quarter of the course delves into the political history of the pre-colonial, colonial and independence eras. In my view, in order to understand present politics in Africa, it is vital to examine the past.
The course is intended as a broad survey of sub-Saharan Africa, but several country cases will be highlighted, including: Ghana, Cote d’Ivoire, Nigeria, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and South Africa.
The course will require: a diversity of required readings and films; active participation in discussions; one-time service as a co-facilitator of our discussion; several short “article briefs”; and a seminar paper. The specific format of the seminar paper is flexible but will be agreed upon after discussion with the professor of the student’s particular goals.
Topic: Ethnography and Social Theory in Africa
Professor Jane Goodman, Department of Communication and Culture
As scholars, we are engaged in building social theory through our analyses of social life and communicative practice. Ethnography is a key vehicle through which social theory can be developed. In some cases, social theorists have been ethnographers themselves – Pierre Bourdieu, for instance, developed practice theory and the notion of “habitus” on the basis of his ethnographic research in Algeria. In other cases, ethnographic research has served to hone, complicate, or challenge social theory. Ethnography is also a site for generating new dialogues across theoretical paradigms while at the same time illuminating novel dimensions of social life.
World regions also have their own complex relationships to ethnography. While some regions become ethnographic “blank spots,” others become zones of theory and are revisited by ethnographers time and again. Africa constitutes one such zone. Indeed, the history of 20th-century social theory – from Durkheimian structural-functionalism to the disciplinary technologies of Michel Foucault, from the practice theory of Pierre Bourdieu to the heteroglossia of Mikhail Bakhtin– can be interrogated through the ethnography of Africa.
The course will pair foundational works in modernist and postmodernist theory with ethnographies of Africa that develop and complicate those theories. Approaches we cover may include structural-functionalism; processualism; structuralism; practice theory; interpretive approaches; reflexivity; dialogism and heteroglossia; disciplinary power and discursive formations; and theory from the global south. Students will leave the course with (1) a solid grounding in 20th- and early 21st-century social theory; (2) an understanding of how to connect theory and ethnography; and (3) an introduction to the organization of social and communicative practices in a range of African societies.
Topic: African Histories of Technology
Professor Marissa Moorman, Department of History
This course looks at how African societies have produced and used a wide range of technologies across the long sweep of time. While narratives of technology on the continent have often been those of conquest, victimization or cultural imperialism, this course will explore a broader set of historical experiences to think about how different African societies at different historical moments and places have made and thought about technologies. Readings will include work on iron ore smelting, textile production, architectural technologies, technologies of modernity (medical and infrastructural), and communications technologies (cell phones, radios and cinema). Book presentations, reviews and a seminar paper will constitute the written work for this course.