“Much like rural America itself, the road to effective HIV/STD prevention and control may be unpaved and winding. Yet, the moral obligation to develop and smooth this road is clearly evident. The challenges are inherently difficult and the available research and financial support are modest at best. Innovative, collaborative responses and solutions
are required to contain and reduce HIV and other STDs in rural locations.”

– from the RCAP publication,
Tearing Down Fences: HIV/STD Prevention in Rural America

Project Cultivate

RCAP’s Project Cultivate helps communities build foundations for health collectives in preparation for syringe exchange programming.


Condom Use Research


The Kinsey Institute Condom Use Research Team: Stephanie A. Sanders, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN; Robin R. Milhausen, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada; Richard A. Crosby, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY; Cynthia A. Graham, Brunel University, London, UK; William L. Yarber, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN

RCAP co-directors and research fellows have partnered with researchers from the Indiana University Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction (KI) for the past decade to conduct research on male condom use errors and problems. This international team, called The Kinsey Institute Condom Use Research Team (CURT) (pictured left) is comprised of researchers from the United States (W. Yarber, R. Crosby, S. Sanders), Canada (R. Milhausen) and United Kingdom (C. Graham). CURT research has been supported by both RCAP and KI and has resulted in over 25 published research articles and numerous presentations at professional conferences. CURT has utilized quantitative, qualitative and intervention methodologies to study condom use errors and problems during penile-vaginal and penile-anal intercourse among samples of adolescent and adult men and women recruited from STI clinics, college students, rural men from a random telephone survey and local bars, and adults from online surveys. The most recent CURT publications are listed in the below yearly publication list of RCAP publications. CURT will host a public forum to present a summary of its research findings on World AIDS Day, December 1, 2010, at Indiana University Bloomington, titled “Condom use errors and problems: A decade of research by The Kinsey Institute Condom Use Research Team.”

National Network of Rural HIV/STD Prevention

This email listserv network, also called The Rural Network, consists of persons committed to advancing HIV/STD prevention in rural communities. Members of The Rural Network receive emails from RCAP announcing its publications, conferences, and other activities, as well as notices of materials, publications and programs/conferences related to HIV/STD prevention in rural areas. Members will receive, for example, RCAP’s RAP*Time, fact sheets, and the conference brochure. Further, information and requests for assistance from members can be placed on the listserv. Contact Us for a free membership in The Rural Network.

HIV/STD Prevention Guidelines

RCAP has developed, in collaboration with other HIV/STD organizations, two guides that provide direction for HIV/ STD prevention in rural communities. Copies of these guides are available by following the links below. Contact RCAP to request printed copies.

RAP* Time

RAP* Time is a monthly bulletin that summarizes current research concerning HIV/STD prevention, particularly in rural settings. Archives of RAP* Time are on the RCAP RAP* Time page. Contact RCAP for a free email subscription.

RCAP Website

The RCAP website ( highlights current RCAP activities including new publications, materials and
conference announcements. The site hosts a wealth of rural prevention information in addition to Fact Sheets,
and other RCAP materials. The site is continually evolving to provide more interactive resources and links to other valuable HIV and STD prevention resources.

HIV/STD Prevention Research

RCAP conducts research on the behavioral and social factors related to HIV/STD risk behavior that have implications for improved HIV/STD prevention efforts in rural communities. Further, RCAP develops and examines innovative education interventions designed to minimize and eliminate HIV/STD risk behavior. The reports of these studies are published in professional journals, including the RCAP Monograph Articles and presented at professional conferences.

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