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Department of American Studies College of Arts and Sciences

Jeffrey Gould « Committee on NAIS

Picture of Jeffrey Gould

James H. Rudy Professor of History

Office: Ballantine Hall 829
Phone: (812) 855-6934
E-mail: gouldj at


My primary appointment is in the Department of History, but I served as Director of the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies at Indiana University from 1995-2008, and I’ve directed the Central American and Mexican Video Archive Project since 2006. I earned a BA in History from Yale University in 1976 and received a Licenciatura degree in Latin American Studies at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma (Costa Rica, 1981) before pursuing graduate studies in Latin American history at Yale (PhD 1988).
All of my scholarship deals with questions related to political violence in Central America. In 1990 I authored To Lead as Equals: Rural Protest and Political Consciousness in Chinandega, Nicaragua, 1912-1979 (UNC Press), then wrote El Mito de Nicaragua Mestiza y la Resistencia Indígena 1880-1960 (Editorial de la Universidad de Costa Rica, 1997) and To Die in This Way: Nicaraguan Indian Communities and the Myth of Mestizaje, 1880-1965 (Duke University Press, 1998). I am co-author of The Twentieth Century: A Retrospective (Westview 2002) and co-editor of Memorias de Mestizaje: la política cultural en América Central desde 1900 (CIRMA 2004). The latter book derived from an NEH collaborative project that I co-directed with Charles Hale and Darío Euraque. That project, which dealt with the problems of ethnic identity and violence in Central America, involved fifteen Central American scholars. My most recent book, To Rise in Darkness: Revolution, Repression, and Memory, El Salvador, 1920-1932 (coauthored with Aldo Lauria-Santiago), was published by Duke University Press in 2008.
Two substantive articles that derive from my research on political violence are  “Revolutionary Nationalism and Local Memories in El Salvador,” (In Reclaiming “the Political” in Latin American History: the View from the North, edited by Gilbert Joseph, Duke University Press, 2001) and “They Call Us Thieves and Steal Our Wage: Toward a Reinterpretation of the Salvadoran Mobilization, 1929-1931” (coauthored) in the Hispanic American Historical Review (2004).

In 2002, I was awarded a John Simon Guggenheim fellowship to write a book on events and memories surrounding the insurrection and massacres in El Salvador in 1932. The project also resulted in Scars of Memory: El Salvador, 1932 (Icarus, 2003), a 53-minute documentary film that I co-directed and co-produced.

Relevant Courses

  • F 336 Central American History
  • F 300 United States Interventions in the Caribbean Basin
  • J 400 Race and Racism in Latin America
  • H765 Comparative Social Movements
  • H665 Race and Racism in Latin America

Publication Highlights

(In progress.) “Los Bochincheros de la Palabra.” (documentary film) 

In press. On the Road to El Porvenir: Revolutionary and Counterrevolutionary Violence in
El Salvador and Nicaragua. In A Century of Revolution: Insurgent and Counterinsurgent Violence in Latin America, ed. Greg Grandin and Gil Joseph. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

In press. Review of Revolution for our Rights, by Laura Gotkowitz. Labor.

In press. Review of The Every Day Nation-State, by Justin Wolfe. Bulletin of Latin American Research.

In press. Review of The Return of the Native, by Rebecca Earle. Social History.

2009. Solidarity under Siege: The Latin American Left, 1968. The American Historical Review 114/2 (April).

2008. Aquí Mandamos Iguales: Lucha Campesina y Conciencia Política en Chinandega,   
 Nicaragua, 1950-79. (revised translation) Managua: Editorial Universidad Centroamericana.                

2008. To Rise in Darkness: Revolution. Repression and Memory in El Salvador, 1920-32
Durham, NC: Duke University Press. With Aldo Lauria. 

2008. (translation)  Rebelión en la Oscuridad: Revolución, Represión, y Memoria en El Salvador, 1920-32. San Salvador: Editorial MUPI.

2006. The Capital of Salvadoran Memory: The 25th Anniversary of El Mozote Massacre. Counterpunch (December).

2006. The Fifth Time a Charm? The Election of Daniel Ortega and the Frente Sandinista. History News Network (November).

2006. Review of Foundations of Despotism: Peasants, the Trujillo Regime and Modernity in Dominican History, by Richard Turits. Americas (January)

2005. Review essay, The Maya of Morganton, by Leon Fink. Labor.

2004. Memorias de Mestizaje en América Central, La Política Cultural desde 1920. CIRMA. Coedited with Darío Euraque and Charles R. Hale; author of several chapters.

2004. “They Call Us Thieves and Steal Our Wage”: Toward a Reinterpretation of the Salvadoran Rural Mobilization, 1929-1931. Hispanic American Historical Review (May). With Aldo Lauria-Santiago. (Translation published in Revista de Historia, 2007.)