Christina Snyder « Committee on NAIS
Department of American Studies
Department of History
Chair, Committee on Native American and Indigenous Studies; Faculty Curator, Glenn A. Black Laboratory of Archaeology; Research Associate, American Indian Studies Research Institute
Office: Ballantine Hall 828
Phone: (812) 855-2287
E-mail: snyderch indiana.edu
My scholarship focuses on Native North America and on the histories of colonialism and slavery. In my first book, Slavery in Indian Country: The Changing Face of Captivity
in Early America, I traced the dynamic nature of captivity from roughly A.D. 1000,
when Native chiefdoms competed for regional power, through the conclusion of the Second Seminole War in 1842. Captivity was a fluid practice, which Southern Indians repeatedly reinvented to deal with a succession of challenges, including chiefly competition during the pre-Columbia era, post contact demographic disaster, and incorporation into the global economy in the colonial era. Not until the late eighteenth century did captivity transition from a kin-based to a race-based practice,
a shift that had profound consequences for all inhabitants of the American South.
In addition to enhancing the visibility of Native people in the broader narratives
of early American studies and Southern history, this project addresses cross-cultural
constructions of race and racism as well as the global history of slavery.
Currently, I'm at work on a book on Choctaw Academy, the first national Indian boarding school in the United States. Open from 1825 to 1848, the school was located on the plantation of prominent politician Richard Mentor Johnson. Although initiated by the Choctaw Nation, the academy became home to a diverse range of Native peoples from the Southeast and Midwest, including Creeks, Cherokees, Chickasaws, Seminoles, Potawatomis, Miamis, and Osages. In addition to white and Indian teachers, the school was supported by the labor of free and enslaved African Americans. During Choctaw Academy's lifespan, the United States transitioned from an east-coast nation to a continental power. The story of Choctaw Academy reveals how the emerging U.S. empire developed a tandem approach—violence and acculturation—to exert economic, political, and cultural influence far beyond even its extensive territory, and the complex ways in which colonized people met these challenges.
- HIST-A 207 Introduction to Native American History
- HIST-A 300 Native American Women
- AMST-A 275 Native American and Indigenous Cultures
- AMST-G 605 Introduction to Native American and Indigenous Studies
Slavery in Indian Country: The Changing Face of Captivity in Early America (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2010).
"Conquered Enemies, Adopted Kin, and Owned People: The Creek Indians and Their Captives," Journal of Southern History 73 (2007): 255-288.
"The Lady of Cofitachequi: Gender and Political Power among Native Southerners." In South Carolina Women: Their Lives and Times, eds. Joan Johnson, Valinda Littlefield, and Marjorie Spruill. University of Georgia Press, 2009.