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|Horatio Hale and the Great U.S. Exploring Expedition||Michael Mackert||1|
|Implications of Plural Reduplication, Infixation, and Subtraction for Muskogean Subgrouping||Jack Martin||27|
|English Loanwords in the Native Languages of the Chukotka Peninsula||Willem J. de Reuse||56|
|The Languages of the Amish of Allen County, Indiana: Multilingualism and Convergence||Chad Thompson||69|
|Linguistic Diversity in Space and Time (Johanna Nichols)||Jeffrey Heath||92|
|Investigating Obsolescence: Studies in Language Contraction and Death (Nancy C. Dorian)||Carl S. Blyth||96|
|Social Motivations for Codeswitching: Evidence from Africa (Carol Myers-Scotton)||Joshua A. Fishman||99|
|English in Africa (Josef Schmied)||Ian Hancock||100|
|An Introduction to Sociolinguistics (Janet Holmes)||Felice Coles||102|
|Language, Culture, and Communication: The Meaning of Messages (Nancy Bonvillain)||Sherri Condon||105|
|Kohkominawak Otacimowiniwawa: Our Grandmothers' Lives as Told in Their Own Words (Edited and translated by Freda Ahenakew and H. C. Wolfart)||Regna Darnell||107|
|The Semantics of Time: Aspectual Categorization in Koyukon Athabaskan (Melissa Axelrod)||Sally Midgette||108|
|Topics in Northern Pomo Grammar (Mary Catherine O Connor)||Marianne Mithun||110|
|Kawaiisu: A Grammar and Dictionary with Texts (Maurice L. Zigmond, Curtis G. Booth, and Pamela Munro. Pamela Munro, ed.)||John E. McLaughlin||111|
|An Analytical Dictionary of Nahuatl (Frances Karttunen)||Karen Dakin||113|
|Dictionary of St. Lucian Creole. Part 1: Kwéyol-English. Part 2: English-Kwéyol (Jones Mondesir, compiler, L. D. Carrington, ed.)||Ama Mazama (M.-J. Cérol)||118|
|Uniquely Human: The Evolution of Speech, Thought, and Selfless Behavior (Philip Lieberman)||Kevin D. Hunt||120|
Abstract. Horatio Hale's research during the U.S. Exploring Expedition of 1838-42 was guided by the work of John Pickering and Peter Duponceau. Pickering secured philology a place in the expedition and recommended Hale as philologist, while Duponceau wrote Hale's official instructions. The organization of Hale's expedition report and his grammars, together with his phonetic alphabet and treatment of transitions, further reflect his association with Pickering and Duponceau. However, there are differences between Hale's volume and the work of Pickering and Duponceau. For instance, Hale privileged grammatical similarities for establishing genetic relations between languages. Excerpts from letters concerning the expedition are included.
Abstract. Developments associated with three pluralizing infixes and with subtractive pluralization in the Muskogean languages of the southeastern United States are examined for evidence of subgrouping within the family. Plural developments lend further support to Swanton's Southern and Munro's Southwestern subgroups.
Abstract. In the nineteenth century English-speaking crews of whaling ships contributed about forty words to the native languages (three Eskimo languages and Chukchi) of the Chukotka Peninsula coast in Russia. These words shed light on the trading relationships involved and on the national origins of the ships' crews. The direction of borrowing was generally from English into Chukchi via Eskimo, or via a trade jargon. In the Siberian Yupik of St. Lawrence Island, Alaska, some early loanwords have undergone phonological denativization due to the increased availability of an English model, while on the Chukotka coast English loanwords remain fully integrated into the phonology of Eskimo.
Abstract. This paper considers language use among the Old Order Amish of Allen County, Indiana, all of whom speak a dialect of German. Their dialect comprises a variety of Low Alemannic, or Alsatian, rather than High Alemannic or Swiss, as has been previously claimed. In addition, English and Pennsylvania German are also significant languages within their community, and some members also know Bernese Swiss and Standard German. As a result, speakers display a high degree of phonological variation. This variation, together with lexical borrowing, suggests that there has been convergence among the languages involved.
Last updated: 12 March 1996
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