[ Index of Recent Volumes | Previous Issue | Next Issue | Order ]
|Nominal Classification in Australia||Kristina Sands||247|
|A Plethora of Plurals: Inflection for Number in Upper Chehalis||M. Dale Kinkade||347|
|Euphemism in Arabic: A Gricean Interpretation||Mohammed Farghal||366|
|Theory Groups and the Study of Language in North America: A Social History (Stephen O. Murray)||Charles F. Hockett||379|
|The Thompson Language (Laurence C. Thompson and M. Terry Thompson)||Paul D. Kroeber||387|
|The Twin Stories: Participant Coding in Yagua Narrative (Thomas Edward Payne)||Desmond C. Derbyshire||392|
|Koasati Dictionary (Geoffrey Kimball, with Bell Abbey, Martha John, and Ruth Poncho)||T. Dale Nicklas||394|
|Southern Cheyenne Women's Songs (Virginia Giglio)||Thomas Vennum, Jr.||397|
|Haakusteeyí, Our Culture: Tlingit Life Stories (Nora Marks Dauenhauer and Richard Dauenhauer, editors)||Sergei Kan||399|
|O Brave New Words! Native American Loanwords in Current English (Charles L. Cutler)||Allan R. Taylor||404|
|The Crucible of Carolina: Essays in the Development of Gullah Language and Culture (Michael Montgomery, editor)||John H. McWhorter||406|
|African Languages, Development and the State (Richard Fardon and Graham Furniss, editors)||Debra Spitulnik||409|
|To Remember the Faces of the Dead: The Plentitude of Memory in Southwestern New Britain (Thomas Maschio)||Michael W. Scott||412|
|Sociolinguistic Perspectives on Register (Douglas Biber and Edward Finegan, editors)||Carol Myers-Scotton and Janet M. Fuller||413|
Abstract. There has been little comparative work on nominal classification in Australia. In this paper the different types of classification in Australian languages are surveyed and then a comparative study is made of the morphological forms utilized in classification. Tentative origins for the major noun class affixes are put forward and the conclusion is drawn that Proto-Australian was a language in which a limited set of generic classifiers were used, in which there was a (pronominal) feminine affix for female sex, and in which a distinction between human and nonhuman may have been made in a demonstrative.
Abstract. Upper Chehalis, a Salishan language, has six different general ways of forming plurals of arguments and modifiers. Two of them apply to specific lexical classes, but the other four can all occur on the same items to indicate different kinds of plurality. To complicate matters further, two of the four can cooccur with each of the other two. It is difficult to sort out the meanings each had when the language was actively spoken. Fortunately, Boas's field notes provide a small number of forms with contrasting plurals, so that it is possible to get some idea of how each was used. C1 V C2 reduplication, which is used as a general plural elsewhere in Salish, has been restricted in Upper Chehalis to predicates, where it indicates 'distributed plural'. This narrowing of the function of reduplication left a gap for pluralizing arguments, and this gap was filled with several different kinds of plural.
Abstract. This paper investigates the nature of euphemism in Arabic. It shows that speakers of Arabic employ four major devices for euphemizing: figurative expressions, circumlocutions, remodelings, and antonyms. The study argues that there is close interaction between the Politeness Principle (Leech 1983) and the Cooperative Principle's maxims of conversation (Grice 1975). Most importantly, it is argued that Arabic euphemisms flout one or more of the maxims of conversation, thus giving rise to Particularized Conversational Implicatures. Consequently, floutings are shown to play an important role in lexical choices in addition to their well-established roles in structural and discoursal choices.
Last updated: 2 Sept 1997