[ Index of Recent Volumes | Previous Issue | Next Issue | Order ]
|Glass Houses: Greenberg, Ringe, and the Mathematics of Comparative Linguistics||Alexis Manaster Ramer and Christopher Hitchcock||601|
|Coahuiltecan: A Closer Look||Lyle Campbell||620|
|Proto-Algonquian *na:tawe:wa 'massasauga': Some False Etymologies and Alleged Iroquoian Loanwords||Frank T. Siebert, Jr.||635|
|Schema and Superposition in Spatial Deixis||Asif Agha||643|
|Drummed Transactions: Calling the Church in Cameroon||Paul Neeley||683|
|The Dawn of Slavic: An Introduction to Slavic Philology (Alexander M. Schenker)||Ronald F. Feldstein||718|
|Romani in Contact: The History, Structure and Sociology of a Language (Yaron Matras, editor)||Alaina Lemon||727|
|The Early Stages of Creolization (Jacques Arends, editor)||Ian Hancock||729|
|The Syntax of the Celtic Languages: A Comparative Perspective (Robert D. Borsley and Ian Roberts, editors)||H. Paul Manning||732|
|Deixis in Narrative: A Cognitive Science Approach (Judith F. Duchan, Gail A. Bruder, and Lynne E. Hewitt, editors)||David B. Kronenfeld||735|
|Language and the Cognitive Construal of the World (John R. Taylor and Robert E. MacLaury, editors)||F. K. Lehman||737|
|Making It Their Own: Severn Ojibwe Communicative Practices (Lisa Philips Valentine)||Ofelia Zepeda||739|
|The Lexical Field of Taste: A Semantic Study of Japanese Taste Terms (A. E. Backhouse)||Joel Kuipers||742|
|A Grammar of Nigerian Arabic (Jonathan Owens)||Salman Al-Ani||743|
|The Psychology of Culture: A Course of Lectures (Edward Sapir. Judith T. Irvine, editor)||Philip K. Bock||745|
|Word's Out: Gay Men's English (William L. Leap)||Stephen O. Murray||747|
Abstract. In a recent exchange, Ringe accused Greenberg of innumeracy on the basis of a mathematical illustration that Greenberg has used repeatedly. Ringe then argued that mathematical considerations show the method of binary comparison between languages to be superior to the method of multilateral comparison favored by Greenberg. We show that Ringe's charge of innumeracy rests on an elementary mathematical misunderstanding, and that the mathematics cited by Ringe undermines his own methodological conclusions. However, although Ringe's arguments are fallacious, his conclusions are not completely off the mark: Greenberg's attempts to justify his methodology mathematically are subject to some serious difficulties.
Abstract. Alexis Manaster Ramer, in a recent issue of Anthropological Linguistics, presented what seemed to be very reasonable arguments in favor of a genetic relationship among the so-called Coahuiltecan languages. Here this evidence is reassessed and the various hypotheses of relationship are evaluated. This closer scrutiny shows that the evidence is not sufficiently robust to support the hypotheses. In particular, the known loans among languages of the area require that the role of borrowing be given serious attention in investigations of linguistic kinship involving these languages. This reevaluation of the hypotheses has considerable implications for attempts to establish distant genetic relationships in general.
Abstract. Several synonomies in the Northeast volume of the Handbook of North American Indians present a reconstruction of Proto-Algonquian *na:tawe:wa. This reconstruction is in error, partly because of the primary data used. Originally the word *na:tawe:wa was applied by Algonquian speakers to both the massasauga, a pit viper, and to Northern Iroquoians. It has been assumed that 'Iroquoian person' was the primary meaning, and that the reference to the snake was secondary. I show that the reverse is true and cite more extensive primary information.
Abstract. The paper argues that the use and interpretation of spatial deictics involves two rather distinct components: the inherent or "schematic" effects of deictic categories, and the "superposed" effects of accompanying signs. The discussion is organized around detailed analyses of the structure and use of spatial deictics in a single language, Lhasa Tibetan. The paper shows that, although deictic forms conventionally schematize spatial effects to a high degree, deictic spatialization is not a coding relationship between linguistic forms and preexisting spatial realities. Rather, spatial deictics impose a further interpretive structure on the spatial (and other) effects of co-occurring signs, including linguistic and gestural devices. The total "spatial" effect of any deictic utterance depends, in this sense, on the interplay between the deictically schematized and contextually superposed effects in use.
Abstract. An Ewondo church leader in rural Cameroon uses a speech surrogate ("talking drum") to summon his congregation to meetings held twice a week. The speech surrogate is produced on a two-tone hollow log drum. The drummed summonses to church are analyzed as tripartite transactions with social, communicative, and aesthetic aspects. In addition, they are analyzed as a community-based "enactment" and as a specialized form of "reality construction."
Last updated: 21 Dec 1996
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