[X] Anthropological Linguistics

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Vol. 42, no. 2 (Summer 2000)


Contents

Grammatical Convergence and the Genesis of Diversity in the Northwest Coast Sprachbund David Beck147
Number Marking and Noun Categorization in Nilo-Saharan LanguagesGerrit J. Dimmendaal214

In Memoriam

Carleton T. Hodge (1917–1998): A Tribute Harold C. Fleming262
Bibliography of Carleton T. Hodge 266

Book Reviews

“You’re So Fat!”: Exploring Ojibwe Discourse (Roger Spielmann) J. Randolph Valentine280
Bicultural Education in the North: Ways of Preserving and Enhancing Indigenous Peoples’ Languages and Traditional Knowledge (Erich Kasten, editor) Barbara Burnaby282
Principles of Japanese Discourse: A Handbook (Senko K. Maynard) James Stanlaw284
Referring to Space: Studies in Austronesian and Papuan Languages (Gunter Senft, editor) James F. Weiner288
Dictionnaire songhay-anglais-français (Jeffrey Heath) Robert Nicolai289
From Immigrant to Ethnic Culture: American Yiddish in South Philadelphia (Rakhmiel Peltz)Dan Ben-Amos291
Language Ideologies: Practice and Theory (Bambi Schieffelin, Kathryn A. Woolard, and Paul Kroskrity, editors)Alaina Lemon293
Talking Heads: Language, Metalanguage and the Semiotics of Subjectivity (Benjamin Lee)Asif Agha295
Modern Georgian Morphosyntax: A Grammatico-Categorial Hierarchy-Based Analysis with Special Reference to Indirect Verbs and Passives of State (Marcello Cherchi) Kevin Tuite297
The Turkish Language Reform: A Catastrophic Success (Geoffrey Lewis) Wolfgang-E. Scharlipp301

Abstracts

Grammatical Convergence and the Genesis of Diversity
in the Northwest Coast Sprachbund

David Beck
University of Alberta

Abstract. The Pacific Northwest boasts one of the world’s most extensive Sprachbünde, which encompasses several controversial genetic phyla, including “Mosan,” uniting Salishan, Wakashan, and Chimakuan. This article argues that “Mosan” is not a genetic, but an areal grouping of Central Northwest languages that have come, through millennia of contact, to resemble each other to a remarkable degree. Within this language complex, the Salishan outlier Bella Coola has gone even further than other Salishan languages in approxi­mation to its Wakashan neighbors, and the novel features of this language illustrate both grammatical convergence and diversification, the latter being frequently overlooked in models of language interaction.

Number Marking and Noun Categorization in Nilo-Saharan Languages

Gerrit J. Dimmendaal
University of Cologne

Abstract. Number marking on nouns is an inflectional category that languages apparently can do without. On the other hand, some languages or language families tend to have extremely rich number-marking systems. The Nilo-Saharan family provides a case in point. Here, we find a predominating classificatory technique that appears to be relatively rare in other language families (with the exception of neighboring Afroasiatic languages), consisting of singulatives, plurals, and a set of replacement markers. This article describes formal and semantic properties of this system from synchronic and diachronic points of view and explains its historical relative stability in Nilo-Saharan. Although few formal parallels for this type of number inflection are found elsewhere in the world, clear-cut functional parallels exist.

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