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|Grammatical Convergence and the Genesis of Diversity in the Northwest Coast Sprachbund||David Beck||147|
|Number Marking and Noun Categorization in Nilo-Saharan Languages||Gerrit J. Dimmendaal||214|
|Carleton T. Hodge (1917–1998): A Tribute||Harold C. Fleming||262|
|Bibliography of Carleton T. Hodge||266|
|“You’re So Fat!”: Exploring Ojibwe Discourse (Roger Spielmann)||J. Randolph Valentine||280|
|Bicultural Education in the North: Ways of Preserving and Enhancing Indigenous Peoples’ Languages and Traditional Knowledge (Erich Kasten, editor)||Barbara Burnaby||282|
|Principles of Japanese Discourse: A Handbook (Senko K. Maynard)||James Stanlaw||284|
|Referring to Space: Studies in Austronesian and Papuan Languages (Gunter Senft, editor)||James F. Weiner||288|
|Dictionnaire songhay-anglais-français (Jeffrey Heath)||Robert Nicolai||289|
|From Immigrant to Ethnic Culture: American Yiddish in South Philadelphia (Rakhmiel Peltz)||Dan Ben-Amos||291|
|Language Ideologies: Practice and Theory (Bambi Schieffelin, Kathryn A. Woolard, and Paul Kroskrity, editors)||Alaina Lemon||293|
|Talking Heads: Language, Metalanguage and the Semiotics of Subjectivity (Benjamin Lee)||Asif Agha||295|
|Modern Georgian Morphosyntax: A Grammatico-Categorial Hierarchy-Based Analysis with Special Reference to Indirect Verbs and Passives of State (Marcello Cherchi)||Kevin Tuite||297|
|The Turkish Language Reform: A Catastrophic Success (Geoffrey Lewis)||Wolfgang-E. Scharlipp||301|
Abstract. The Pacific Northwest boasts one of the world’s most extensive Sprachbünde, which encompasses several controversial genetic phyla, including “Mosan,” uniting Salishan, Wakashan, and Chimakuan. This article argues that “Mosan” is not a genetic, but an areal grouping of Central Northwest languages that have come, through millennia of contact, to resemble each other to a remarkable degree. Within this language complex, the Salishan outlier Bella Coola has gone even further than other Salishan languages in approximation to its Wakashan neighbors, and the novel features of this language illustrate both grammatical convergence and diversification, the latter being frequently overlooked in models of language interaction.
Abstract. Number marking on nouns is an inflectional category that languages apparently can do without. On the other hand, some languages or language families tend to have extremely rich number-marking systems. The Nilo-Saharan family provides a case in point. Here, we find a predominating classificatory technique that appears to be relatively rare in other language families (with the exception of neighboring Afroasiatic languages), consisting of singulatives, plurals, and a set of replacement markers. This article describes formal and semantic properties of this system from synchronic and diachronic points of view and explains its historical relative stability in Nilo-Saharan. Although few formal parallels for this type of number inflection are found elsewhere in the world, clear-cut functional parallels exist.
Last updated: 15 Nov 2000
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