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|Lexical Discontinuities between Generations: Recent Inuit Cases from North Baffin Island||Guy Bordin||191|
|Pet Vocatives in Southwestern Amazonia||Stefan Dienst and David W. Fleck||209|
|Locative and Existential Constructions in Ulwa||Andrew Koontz-Garboden||244|
|Agentless Transitive Verbs in Georgian||Kevin Tuite||269|
|Metaphor, Mythology, and a Navajo Verb: The Role of Cultural Constructs in the Lexicography of Endangered Languages||Margaret C. Field||296|
|From Utility to Perceptual Salience: Cultural, Lexical and Conceptual Change in the Southern Kalahari Landscape||Gertrud Boden||303|
|‘Sun’ and ‘Moon’ in the Circum-Pacific Language Area||Matthias Urban||328|
|A Grammar of Crow (Randolph Graczyk)||Willem J. de Reuse||347|
|Haitian Creole–English Bilingual Dictionary (Albert Valdman and Iskra Iskrova, editors)||Jean-Robert Cadely||350|
|Linguistics of the Himalayas and Beyond (Roland Bielmeier and Felix Haller, editors)||Stephen Morey||351|
|Morphologies of Asia and Africa. 2 vols. (Alan S. Kaye,editor)||Paul D. Kroeber||354|
Abstract. During recent fieldwork in North Baffin Island, I came across several Inuit terms well known by elders but fading into oblivion among young people. In an apparent paradox, these more or less forgotten words among young Inuit generations designate objective situations that in most cases still belong to the contemporary world, at least as possibilities. It is argued that the loss of these words is the result of the obsolescence of the social practices and cultural understandings that the words reference.
Abstract. Languages of several families of southwestern Amazonia have a set of vocative terms for calling tamed animals kept as pets. These vocatives are mostly unrelated to the referential nouns for the species and more likely than other words to be borrowed between unrelated languages.
Abstract. This article lays out the morphosyntactic and semantic facts of existential and locative constructions in Ulwa (Misumalpan; Nicaragua). Locative constructions come in two types—those that take one of a small set of posture predicates, and those that are completely bare, having only a figure and locative (postpositional phrase) nonverbal predicate. The posture predicates constitute a distinct syntactic category. Among the posture predicates, ‘sit’ is special in being polysemous, having both a locative and more semantically bleached existential meaning. Bare locative constructions do not have the existential meaning of the bleached ‘sit’ construction; rather, they have a pure locative meaning.
Abstract. The Georgian language has an unusual abundance of indirect (dative-subject) verbs. Most of these are intransitive, but several dozen are formally transitive. The focus of this article is on the subset of Georgian indirect transitives that lack overt grammatical subjects (e.g., ‘I shiver’, lit., ‘it makes me shiver’). The semantic, morphological, and syntactic features of Georgian agentless transitives are presented and compared to those of similar verb types from other languages. Of particular interest is a small group of bodily emanation verbs, such as ‘yawn’ and ‘belch’, that are paired with syntactically inverse direct-transitive verb forms. A scenario is reconstructed for the origin of such direct-indirect pairings, which are otherwise unknown in Georgian.
Abstract. This article focuses on multiple lexical entries for one Navajo classificatory verb, arguing that many of its subentries are polysemous, rather than unrelated homophones. It is suggested that the connection between them is based on metaphor and conventionalized cultural knowledge (mythology and cosmology). The documentation of such metaphorical connections is crucial not only for making sense of the uses of this verb stem but also for what it tells us about Navajo culture.
Abstract. This article presents a model of the southern Kalahari landscape that in the past gave clues for orientation and usability to Taa-speaking hunter-gatherers. Lexical and conceptual changes are detected with respect to what was formerly the most important landform for survival: pans as water sources and sites suitable for camping and foraging. A part-to-whole-change in lexical semantics is paralleled by a conceptual change from a predominance of notions of utility to a predominance of perceptual salience. These changes reflect changes in land-use patterns and were discovered by comparing statements from people of different ages.
Abstract. This article reports on the peculiar distribution of languages lacking lexical differentiation for the concepts ‘sun’ and ‘moon’, i.e., languages that express both concepts with the same term or use terms that share lexical material. The phenomenon is largely confined to the Americas, but it is also found in indigenous languages of northeastern Eurasia (“Paleosiberian” languages) and languages of New Guinea. A representative sample of the world’s languages indicates that the areal distribution of the phenomenon is strongly correlated with the large and old Circum-Pacific language area, and it is argued that it can be interpreted as a historical marker that bears witness to the common history of these languages.
Last updated: 14 Sep 2010
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