|The rescue excavation assemblages from the Bone Bank archaeological site represent late Mississippian Caborn-Welborn phase artifacts and residues associated with village life at the mouth of the Wabash River, ca. A.D. 1400. These materials date to a more limited time-span than other Caborn-Welborn phase sites, and the average dates are the earliest for the phase.|
|Despite the proximity of the river today, geomorphic study
showed that the village was established adjacent to a backwater lake, and
the Wabash River channel was 1.5 km distant.
Because the Bone Bank assemblages are early within the Caborn-Welborn phase, they provide significant data sets for understanding regional temporal variation in plant use, ceramic styles, and fabrics. They further help distinguish Caborn-Welborn from earlier Mississippian sites with respect to plant use and fabric structures.
The results of the rescue investigations are an important complement
to the large collection of artifacts from Bone Bank's mortuary component
that is curated at the National Museum of the American Indian.
Two years after backfilling the southernmost rescue excavation block, the river had cut into that area of the site.
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