Collaborative Member Reports

The following resources were developed by members and partners of the Discipline Disparities Research to Practice Collaborative. Click on the links / events below to access the reports.

ACLU of Florida, Advancement Project, Florida State Conference of the NAACP. (2011).
Still haven’t shut off the school-to-prison pipeline: Evaluating the impact of Florida’s new
zero-tolerance law.

Advancement Project. (2010). Test, punish, and push out. How “zero tolerance” and high
stakes testing funnel youth into the school-to-prison pipeline.
 Los Angeles and
Washington, DC.

Advancement Project, Education Law Center, FairTest, The Forum of Education and
Democracy, Juvenile Law Center, and NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc.
(2010). Federal policy, ESEA reauthorization, and the school-to-prison pipeline.

American Federation of Teachers. (2011). Equal opportunity: For some of America’s
children, it’s just a fairy tale. American Educator, 35(1), pp. 1-49.

Burns Institute. (2011). Non-judicial drivers into the juvenile justice system for youth of

Carter, P. (2010). Race and Cultural Flexibility among Students in Different Multiracial
Schools. Teachers College Record. 112(6). 1529–1574.

Community Rights Campaign.  (2009). End the tickets: Alternatives for Youth.  Los
Angeles, CA: The Labor/Community Strategy Center.

Council of State Governments Justice Center. (2011). Breaking schools’ rules: A
statewide study of how school discipline relates to student’s success and juvenile justice
 Texas A&M University, Public Policy Research Institute. New York: Council
of State Governments Justice Center.

Cregor, M. & Hewitt, D. (2011). Dismantling the school-to-prison pipeline: A survey from
the field. Poverty & Race, 20, 5-7.

Fine, M. & Ruglis, J. (2009).  Circuits and consequences of dispossession: The racialized
realignment of the public sphere for U.S. Youth.  Transforming Anthropology, 17(1),

Goff, P. A., Steele, C. M., & Davies, P. G. (2008). The space between us: Stereotype
threat and distance in interracial contexts. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,
94, 91-107.

Gregory, A., Skiba, R. J., & Noquera, P. A. (2010). The achievement gap and the discipline
gap: Two sides of the same coin? Education Researcher, 39(1), 59-68.

Gregory, A., & Thompson, A. R. (2010). African American high school students and
variability in behavior across classrooms. Journal of Community Psychology, 38(3),
386-402. doi:10.1002/jcop.20370

Gregory, A., Cornell, D., & Fan, X. (2011). The relationship of school structure and support
to suspension rates for black and white high school students. American Educational
Research Journal
, 1-31.

Losen, D. J. & Skiba, R. J. (2010). Suspended education: Urban middle schools in crisis.
Montgomery, AL:  Southern Poverty Law Center.

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Legal Defense and
Educational Fund, Inc. [NAACP]. (2005). Dismantling the school-to-prison pipeline.

Noguera, P.A. (2005). School Reform and Second Generation Discrimination: Toward the
Development of Bias-free and Equitable Schools. Sage Journal Race Relations. 30(3).

Noguera, P.A. (2006). Latino Youth: Immigration, Education and the Future. Latino Studies,

Pollock, M.  (2008).  An intervention in progress: Pursuing precision in school race talk.  In
Shinn, M. & Yoshikawa, H. (Eds.), Toward positive youth development, transforming
schools and community programs
 (pp. 102-114). New York, NY: Oxford University

Rausch, M. K., & Skiba, R. J. (2005, April).  The academic cost of discipline: The contribution of school discipline to achievement. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, Canada.

Skiba, R. J., Horner, R. H., Chung, C.-G., Rausch, M. K., May, S. L., & Tobin, T. (2011).
Race is not neutral: A national investigation of African American and Latino
disproportionality in school discipline. School Psychology Review, 40 (1), 85-107.

Skiba, R.J., Shure, L., & Williams, N. (2012).  Racial and ethnic disproportionality in suspension and expulsion. In A.L. Noltemeyer & C.S. Mcloughlin (Eds.) Disproportionality in education and special education. Charles C. Thomas Publishers.

Steinberg, M., E. Allensworth, & D. Johnson (2011). Student and teacher safety in Chicago
Public Schools: The roles of community context and school social organization.

Consortium on Chicago School Research.

Stoudt, B.G., Fine, M., & Fox, M. (2011). Growing up policed in the age of aggressive
policing policies.  Unpublished manuscript.

Toldson, I. A. (2008). Breaking Barriers: Plotting the Path to Academic Success for
School-age African-American Males. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Black Caucus
Foundation, Inc.

Toldson, I. A. (2011).  Breaking barriers 2: Plotting the path away from juvenile detention
and toward academic success for school-age African American males.  Washington,
D.C.: Congressional Black Caucus Foundation, Inc.

Youth United for Change & Advancement Project. (2011). Zero tolerance in Philadelphia:
Denying educational opportunities and creating a pathway to prison.

Advocacy Resources

Failed Policies, Broken Futures: The True Cost of Zero Tolerance in Chicago

by Voices of Youth in Chicago Education

  • Misplaced spending on harsh discipline policies has not improved school safety or student achievement. Check out VOYCE’s findings and recommendations for a better approach to school discipline.