History B 356

Empire Style (slides)

Revolution, Empire, and the Making of Modern Europe (slides)

Background Reading
Censer and Hunt, Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, pp. 139-170.

Discussion: Workshop on Final Papers
Your final paper is due at the beginning of class on Monday, 9 December.

There is no required reading for this week. However, you are strongly encouraged to look at the following two texts:

Benjamin Constant, Liberty of the Ancients Compared with that of the Moderns (1816)--extracts; if this catches your attention, the full text is available here.


Emmanuel, comte de Las Cases, Memorial of Saint Helena: Journal of the Private Life and Conversations of the Emperor Napoleon (1823)--extracts. If you get really interested, you may want to read the full text.

Further Reading
Charles Esdaile, Fighting Napoleon: Guerrillas, Bandits, and Adventurers in Spain, 1808-1814 (2004).

Karen Hagemann, "Of 'Manly Valor' and 'German Honor': Nation, War, and Masculinity in the Age of the Prussian Uprising against Napoleon," Central European History 30 (1997).

Michael Hughes, Forging Napoleon's Grande Armee: Motivation, Military Culture, and Masculinity, 1800-1808 (2012).

Matthew Levinger, Enlightened Nationalism: The Transformation of Prussian Political Culture, 1806-1848 (2002).

Gabriel Lovett, Napoleon and the Making of Modern Spain (1965).

Stuart Semmel, Napoleon and the British (2004).

Stuart Woolf, Napoleon's Integration of Europe (1993).

Disasters of War
Goya, Disasters of War (late 1810s; first published in 1860)

1812 in Russia
Terebenev, ABCs of 1812 (1812)

Patriotic War of 1812
The Patriotic War of 1812 Gallery
(1812 in nineteenth-century Russian imagery)