History B357
Midterm Review (autumn 2012)

TERMS TO REVIEW
Twelve of these will appear on the exam. Of those, you will be asked to write brief (two sentences, approximately 2-3 minutes) “identify and note the significance of” comments on five of them. Each of these short comments will count for 6% of your overall grade.

privilege                                 
abbé Sieyes                            
Old Regime                            
biens nationaux
Le Chapelier Law                  
émigrés           
National Convention
Vendée
republican calendar
Directory

Consulate
Concordat
Hundred Days
“white Terror”
Gallican
Ultramontane
July Revolution
Louis Philippe
notaries

realism
cholera
proletariat
reform banquets
February Revolution
June Days
Cavaignac
Haussmann
modernity
modernism



ESSAY QUESTIONS
Four of the following questions will appear on the exam. Your answer to one of them should be a substantial essay (an introduction, three paragraphs, and a conclusion) in which you develop a coherent line of analysis and support your claims with reference to specific examples. (No, I do not expect you to footnote!) Your answer should take you approximately 25 minutes to write and will count for 50% of your grade on the midterm.

1. How did the 1790s contribute to the creation of a French nation?

2. In what ways is a legal system structured by rights different from one structured by privilege? Do the two have anything in common?

3. To what extent is it valid to describe the First French Republic as a state organized by fraternity rather than patriarchy?

4. On what grounds did Napoleon claim to be the legitimate ruler of France?

5. What was liberalism in nineteenth-century Europe?

6. What do we learn about French society and politics in the first half of the nineteenth century by studying the silk workers of Lyon?

7. Marx and Engels argued that class was defined by “relation to the means of production.” How helpful is that definition for understanding France in the first half of the nineteenth century?

8. Why did France in 1848 have two revolutions?

COMMENT ON THE FOLLOWING PASSAGE OR IMAGE
The final section of the midterm will consist of six short passages from primary sources and/or images. You will be asked to comment on two of them (each will count for 10% of the midterm grade). Your comments should consist of at least a substantial paragraph and should take you approximately seven minutes to write. You may be interested in looking at these model answers from my French Revolution and Napoleon course.

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