Popkin, Modern France, 115-124.
Readings for Discussion:
Karl Marx, The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte (1852), chapter one and a short section from chapter seven.
Sudhir Hazareesingh, The Saint-Napoleon (2004), chapter four on e-reserves.
Linda Nochlin, Realism (1971), short selection on e-reserves.
Maurice Aguhlon, Marianne into Battle: Republican Imagery and
Symbolism in France, 1789-1880 (trans. 1980).
Benjamin Brower, A Desert Named Peace: The Violence of French Empire in the Algerian Sahara, 1844-1902 (2009).
Julia Clancy-Smith, Rebel and Saint: Muslim Notables, Populist Protest, Colonial Encounters (Algeria and Tunisia, 1800-1904) (1994), on-line.
Sudhir Hazareesingh, The Legend of Napoleon (2004) and The
Saint-Napoleon: Celebrations of Sovereignty in Nineteenth-Century
Patricia Mainardi, Art and Politics of the Second Empire: The Universal Exhibitions (1987).
John Merriman, The Agony of the Republic: the Repression of the Left in Revolutionary France, 1848-1851 (1978).
Philip Nord, The Republican Moment: Struggles for Democracy in
Nineteenth-Century France (1998).
Jennifer Sessions, By Sword and Plough: France and the Conquest of Algeria (2011).
Jonathan Sperber, The European Revolutions, 1848-1851 (1994).