Interstate 69 in Southwest Indiana, 1988-2008. An Online Research Guide

INTRODUCTION

In February 1990, the Southwest Indiana Highway Feasibility Study was submitted to the Indiana Department of Transportation (INDOT) after 2 years of detailed preparation, and business, public, and government agency input.

Commonly referred to as the "Donohue Study" (the Chicago engineering/consulting firm who conducted the study), the Congressionally mandated Study's stated purpose was to "assess the economic feasibility of highway improvements in three prospective north-south highway corridors [linking Indianapolis and Evansville] in southwest Indiana".

The Study concluded that none of the new corridors considered from Indianapolis to Evansville could be recommended because of:

And further noted that, if constructed, the project would be "the most costly highway in the state of Indiana since the development of the interstate system". [a]

Despite the Donohue Study's no build recommendation and a subsequent negative recommendation from the Federal Highway Administration to Congress in July 1990, the Administration of Governor Evan Bayh pursued planning for an Indianapolis-to-Evansville highway by hiring the Evansville firm of Bernardin Lochmueller & Associates to engineer the project and to prepare an environmental impact statement for it. [b]

In November 1991, Congress passed the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) which designated the extention of Interstate 69 from Indianapolis to Memphis Tennessee and ultimately to the Texas/Mexican border as part of high priority corridor 18, boosting the chances of an Indianapolis-to-Evansville link.[c]

Indiana 8th district Congressman, Frank McCloskey, commenting in a November 1991 news release stated: ``the fact that the Indianapolis-to-Memphis corridor has been designated as part of the "New National Highway System" is a real plus in terms of future funding''. By statute, the proposed I-69 extension from Indianapolis to the Mexican border was intended to be part of a planned 155,000-mile expansion of the nation's new highway system.[d]

The 1993 passage of the North American Free Treaty Agreement (NAFTA) by Congress provided additional impetus for a Canada to Mexico federal interstate corridor, spawning I-69's nickname -- the "NAFTA super highway". In spite of growing grassroots opposition to a new terrain route in southwest Indiana, the realization of an Indianapolis-to-Evansville federal highway link appeared nearly certain with the passage of the National Highway System Designation Act (NHSDA) of 1995 and the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA21) of 1998. [e] Both of the Acts officially reaffirmed I-69 as high priority "Corridor 18".

It was at this time, in the late 1990s, that the Indiana Department of Transportation (INDOT) expanded its study to include a no-new terrain multiplexed route from Indianapolis via I 70 to Terre Haute and south to Evansville on U.S. 41, among several others. Conservationist groups, who favored the link as the least destructive, argued that the proposed Indianapolis-to-Terre Haute-to-Evansville route would avoid farmland and forested areas without making the route significantly longer. By December 2000, a total of 14 possible routes were under consideration by the state. [f]

In September 2001, the state narrowed the number of potential routes between Indianapolis and Evansville from 14 to 5 as part of the "Tier 1" process. Environmentalists and highway opponents accused the State of rigging the process in favor of the final 5 "preferred" new terrain route alternatives when the Indianapolis to Evansville via Terre Haute I-70/U.S. 41 upgraded link was excluded from further consideration. [g]

Following the release of the State's Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS), in November 2002, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency registered its opposition to the 5 new terrain "preferred routes" in a letter from EPA Region 5 Administrator Thomas V. Skinner to INDOT. In the letter, Skinner stated that the Agency's "objections were due to the significant impacts the 'preferred alternatives' would have on multiple resources, particularly wetlands and aquatic resources and potential impacts to surface/ground water." Although not legally binding, Skinner's letter went on to recommend that INDOT re-evaluate using the existing U.S.41/Interstate 70 for Interstate 69. [h]

In November 2002, the U.S. Department of the Interior also registered sharp criticism of the "Alternative 3" new terrain corridors through Monroe County to the Federal Highway Administration. Their legally non binding letter also supported "the I-70/U.S. 41 route as "a viable alternative" to the state's favored new-terrain route via Bloomington because, as Willie R. Taylor, director of the Office of Environmental Policy and Compliance with the Department of the Interior, wrote: "it poses far less damage or disruption to wetlands, flood plains, forests, karst (cave and sinkhole) terrain, or other environmental features than does any new-terrain route". [i]

Opposition to the new terrain route alternatives was also widespread and often outspoken among citizen groups in Indiana. Of the written comments submitted to INDOT during the public comment period, 20,467 of the 21,873 respondants -- or 94% -- opposed the new-terrain routes alternatives or supported the Interstate 70/US 41 option, according to the Hoosier Environmental Council and Citizens for Appropriate Rural Roads (CARR), who tallied and analyzed the thousands of responses. [j]

Opposition to the 5 new terrain "preferred" alternatives included hundreds of Amish residents in Daviess County, and elected and representative groups such as the Bloomington City Council, the Citizens Action Coalition, and the Chambers of Commerce and economic development organizations in Vigo, Clay, Knox, Parke, Putnam, and Vermillion counties, among other Indiana grass roots organizations.

On January 9, 2003, Governor Frank O'Bannon picked the '3C' new-terrain route alternative slated to go through the cities of Martinsville and Bloomington, and Greene, Daviess, Pike, Gibson, and Vanderburgh counties, despite opposition to the new terrain routes. "This is for them. It's all about places like Tell City, Jasper, Washington, Huntingburg . . . all the way down", Gov. Frank O'Bannon said in making the announcement at a news conference in Evansville -- "it's all about these counties down here." "This is the only route that really helps them.'' O'Bannon acknowledged his decision would cause permanent damage to the landscape, and that many Hoosiers were upset. But he pledged the state would do all it can to minimize damage to farms, forests and wetlands. [k] Although new terrain highway opponents were disappointed, most weren't surprised and vowed to keep fighting the plan to defeat it, calling it "the most outrageous route". [l]

In March 2004, the Federal Highway Administration endorsed the '3C' route allowing the state to proceed with the design and engineering of the I-69 extension. Skeptics, like State Sen. Lawrence Borst, R-Greenwood, chairman of the budget-writing Senate Finance Committee, however, doubted that the project would ever be fully funded: "The fact that the federal government OK'd the project doesn't mean anything. It doesn't mean it's going to be built. No way can you build all that stuff and I-69. It won't even come close to the amount of money unless the gas tax is raised. It's kind of a wish list, the 25-year plan." Borst further predicted that, "interchange expenses and other features ultimately would drive the cost of the project beyond the current [2004] estimate of $1.78 billion", and, "accepting the (estimate), one can calculate it would require $160 million per year to complete the project over 14 years with 3 percent inflation. It is difficult to see how (INDOT) could afford such a cost." [m]

While announcing the appointment of retired Alcoa executive Thomas A. Sharp as the next head of the Indiana Department of Transportation, in January 2005, newly elected Governor Mitch Daniels, reiterated his previous support for the "3C" new terrain route, by telling reporters that the new terrain I-69 extension would be a high priority for his administration. [n]

To generate funding for the planned I-69 extension and to cover a projected $2 billion-plus shortfall in the State's long-term road budget, Governor Daniels proposed privitizing the Indiana Toll Road in northern Indiana in a sweeping initiative known as Major Moves. [o]

In one of the largest monetary and most controversial transactions in the state's history, Daniels negotiated a 75-year lease of the Indiana Toll Road to the privately owned Australian-Spanish consortium, Macquarie-Cintra, for $3.85 billion during September 2005. After contentious debate in the state legislature, the Major Moves bill narrowly passed a vote in the Republican controlled Indiana Senate and House in March 2006, along partisan lines, ratifying the Toll Road sale. Proceeds of the long-term lease were earmarked for the I-69 extension and many of the state's other underfunded road projects.

Opponents of the Major Moves legislation filed a lawsuit in St. Joseph County in late April 2006. Following roughly two weeks of arguments, Judge Michael Scopelitis ruled in favor of the State of Indiana, declaring the lawsuit brought by opponents a "public lawsuit", thus requiring the plaintiffs to post a bond of $1.9 billion for the case to proceed. In response, plaintiffs appealed Scopelitis' ruling to the Indiana Supreme Court. In a 4-0 decision, the Court upheld Judge Scopelitis' earlier decision, allowing for the Indiana Toll Road lease to proceed as scheduled. [p]

Meanwhile, in October 2006, another lawsuit was filed by the Hoosier Environmental Council and other opponents of the new-terrain route of I-69 in U.S. District Court, claiming the Indiana Department of Transportation violated several federal laws in the way it selected the direct Evansville-to-Indianapolis new terrain route. The plantiffs had hoped to re-open the process so that the alternative no-terrain route (U.S. 41 to I-70 through Terre Haute) could be reconsidered, but lost the suit when, in a summary judgement, U.S. District Court Judge David Hamilton ruled in favor of the Indiana Department of Transportation and other state and federal officials on December 10, 2007. [q]

To avoid protests, a private invitation-only groundbreaking ceremony, sponsored by Hoosier Voices for I-69, was held on July 16 2008. Gov. Daniels told the crowd of about 500 people, at the Evansville Convention Center, that "starting today, I-69 becomes real....And its about time". [r]



    BAYH ADMINISTRATION (1989 - 1997) PROPOSED I-69 EXTENSION - SUPPORT, OPPOSITION, GENERAL ACTIVITY:

  1. Evansville highway gets federal funding. By Steven Higgs. Bloomington Herald Times. November 28, 1991.

  2. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/1991/11/28/archive.19911128.ab62bf4.sto

  3. Businesses hold high hopes for I69 link. By Greta Shankle. Indianapolis Business Journal. April 25, 1994. (Vol. 15) p.1 (F/T* in ABI/INFORM)

  4. Impact study renews I-69 debate. By Lore Postman. Indianapolis Business Journal. June 3, 1996. (Vol. 17) p.19A (F/T in ABI/INFORM)

  5. Indiana Professor Says Economic Benefits of Highway Expansion Are Overstated. By Mary Francis. Indianapolis Star. May 14, 1997. ( Available on Micofilm at AN2.I3 S7 in IU Herman B. Wells Library)

  6. Does the US Need a 'Superroad?: Backers of North-South 'NAFTA Route' See it as a highway to prosperity. By Mark Clayton. Christian Science Monitor. July 16, 1997.

  7. http://www.csmonitor.com/1997/0716/071697.intl.intl.4.html

  8. Alternate route no bargain, state says. Study says U.S. 41 upgrade would cost $720 million. By Steve Hinnefeld. Bloomington Herald Times. October 9, 1997.

  9. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/1997/10/09/archive.19971009.a52b21a.sto

  10. Highway Opponents Say Indiana Skews Cost of Upgrade vs. New Interstate. By Mary Francis. Indianapolis Star. October 10, 1997. (F/T available in Lexis/Nexis Academic)



  11. O'BANNON/KERNAN ADMINISTRATION (1998 - 2005) PROPOSED I-69 EXTENSION -- SUPPORT, OPPOSITION, GENERAL ACTIVITY:

  12. Driving Forces: Route of the new I-69 follows a trail marked by politics and money. By David Rogers. Wall Street Journal. (Eastern Edition) May 22, 1998. pA1. (F/T available in Factiva)

  13. I-69 dividing more than land; residents'opinions mixed. Daviess County could attract additional business, but farmers might lose their land. By Will Holford. Ft. Wayne News-Sentinel. March 18, 1999.

  14. http://fwnextweb1.fortwayne.com/ns/projects/nafta/naftaj.php

  15. I-69 Forces Gearing Up for More Debate Battle for Public Opinion to Intensify. By Herb Marynell. Evansville Courier. January 15, 2000. A1. (F/T available in Factiva)

  16. A road untraveled. The I-69 debate. By By Fran Quigley and Brian A. Howey. Nuvo. May 11, 2000.

  17. http://www.nuvo.net/archive/051100/featured/

  18. Neighbors say highway would be road to ruin - Residents prepare to fight I-69 extension, fearing Southwestside area would be splintered. By DAN MCFEELY. Indianapolis Star. August 29, 2000. p.A01. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  19. I-69 study group breaks up in protest - Coalition that favors existing route for new highway says its views are being discounted. By DAN MCFEELY. Indianapolis Star. October 7, 2000. p. B06. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  20. State highway officials unveil 14 possible routes for I-69. By Dan Mcfeely. Indianapolis Star. December 2, 2000. p. A01. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  21. I-69 report puts focus on isolation of communities - Emphasis on economy in southwestern Indiana hints at strong possibility of using new-terrain plan. By DAN MCFEELY. Indianapolis Star. April 18, 2001. p. A01. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  22. Officials moving cautiously on I-69 - Despite failure to trim proposed routes to no more than 5, state says project is not delayed. By DAN MCFEELY. Indianapolis Star. August 25, 2001. p. B01. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  23. State picks 5 options for extension of I-69 - Cuts in travel time from Indianapolis to Evansville range from 12 minutes to 30. By Dan McFeely. Indianapolis Star. October 17, 2001. p. A01. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  24. I-69 path could take more valuable acreage - Route most preferred by critics would have a bigger financial effect, engineering data say. By Dan McFeely. Indianapolis Star. December 18, 2001. p. A01. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  25. Foes of new-terrain I-69 blast hiring of D.C. law firm. By Dan McFeely. Indianapolis Star. February 28, 2002. p. B05. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  26. New Group Opposes New-Terrain I-69 Route. By Tim Starks. Evansville Courier. March 21, 2002. B1. (F/T available in Factiva)

  27. 4 legislators form bipartisan group opposed to new-terrain I-69. By Dan McFeely. Indianapolis Star. March 25, 2002. p. B03. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  28. Other states far ahead on I-69 plans. By Jessica Wehrman. Evansville Courier. July 21, 2002.

  29. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2002/Jul/21/other-states-far-ahead-on-i-69-plans/

  30. 'Green' Democrats stir up political scene - Curbing 'sprawl' hurts economy, critics say. By Norm Heikens. Indianapolis Star. July 23, 2002. p.C01. (F/T available from Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries website.)

  31. I-69 extension advancing on road to reality - Environmentalists, Terre Haute angered that U.S. 41/I-70 isn't 1 of 3 favored routes. By TERRY HORNE. Indianapolis Star. August 1, 2002. p. A01. (F/T available from Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries website.)

  32. State's I-69 extension study criticized - Groups say officials were biased against Terre Haute route in favor of all-new highway. By ERIN GARTNER. Indianapolis Star. August 16, 2002. p. B04. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  33. Groups declare I-69 objections. State seeking public input on study of proposed routes. By Steve Hinnefeld. Bloomington Herald Times. August 16, 2002

  34. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2002/08/16/news.020816_HT_D1_PM031291.sto

  35. I-69 consultant, Democrats enrich each other. By Steven Higgs. Bloomington Alternative. August 18, 2002

  36. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2002/08/18/7083

  37. Bernardin Lochmueller & Associates campaign contribution list. By Steven Higgs. Bloomington Alternative. August 18, 2002.

  38. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2002/08/18/7082

  39. I-69 talk tugs town in 2 directions. Route may add jobs, but some fear loss of charm. By Dan McFeely. Indianapolis Star. August 19, 2002. p. A01. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  40. Terre Haute residents tout route near city. By DAN MCFEELY. Indianapolis Star. August 20, 2002. p. A08. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  41. I-69 meeting draws angry crowd of 600 - Security is tight; one supporter of highway extension is escorted to safety. By DAN MCFEELY. Indianapolis Star. August 21, 2002. p. B01. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  42. I-69 Extension would stretch from Canada to Mexican Border. By Andrew G. Roe. ENR (Engineering News Record). September 2, 2002. (Vol. 249) p.23 (F/T in ABI/INFORM)

  43. New-Terrain I-69 Foes Take Case to TV. By Jennifer Whitson. Evansville Courier. October 10, 2002. B3.

  44. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2002/oct/10/new-terrain-i-69-foes-take-case-to-tv/

  45. Council opposes local I-69 route. By Kurt Van der Dussen. Bloomington Herald Times. October 12, 2002.

  46. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2002/10/12/news.021012_HT_C1_JLR01333.sto

  47. Cities' officials united on I-69 route. Officials from Terre Haute, Bloomington, back U.S. 41 route for I-69. By Kurt Van der Dussen. Bloomington Herald Times. October 24, 2002.

  48. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2002/10/24/news.021024_HT_C1_PJR22704.sto

  49. I-69 consultant cleans up on state contracts. By Steven Higgs. Bloomington Alternative. October 27, 2002.

  50. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2002/10/27/7131

  51. Lugar throws his weight into I-69 extension debate. By John Strauss. Indianapolis Star. November 11, 2002. p. B01. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  52. EPA Objecting to top I-69 Routes. By Jennifer Whitson. Evansville Courier & Press. November 14, 2002.

  53. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2002/Nov/14/epa-objecting-to-top-i-69-routes/ http://www.courierpress.com/news/2002/nov/14/epa-objecting-to-top-i-69-routes/?printer=1/

  54. Feds back U.S. 41 for area I-69. Interior Department cites environment. By Herb Marynell. Evansville Courier & Press. December 5, 2002.

  55. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2002/dec/05/feds-back-us-41-route-for-area-i-69/?printer=1/

  56. I-70/U.S. 41 route gets a boost. Advisory letter from U.S. Department of the Interior opposes Bloomington routes. By Kurt Van der Dussen. Bloomington Herald Times. December 6, 2002.

  57. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2002/12/06/news.021206_HT_A1_JLR03083.sto

  58. New IU student group backs new-terrain I-69 route. Associated Press Newswires. December 8, 2002. (F/T available in Factiva)

  59. Activist groups wait for decision on I-69 - Choice of route may come by end of year; Mann Road opponents will remain busy. By JASON THOMAS. Indianapolis Star. December 12, 2002. p.W02. (F/T available from Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries website.)

  60. Federal highway flouts law with I-69 hybrid. By Steven Higgs. Bloomington Alternative. December 15, 2002.

  61. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2002/12/15/7171

  62. Interstate 69 Debate Energizes Indiana Environmental Group. By Tammy Weber. The Indianapolis Star. December 17, 2002. p.1 (F/T in ABI/INFORM)

  63. Supporters Plot I-69 Strategy. Spokesman Describes Session as `Route-Neutral'. By Jennifer Whitson. Evansville Courier. December 17, 2002. B1.

  64. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2002/dec/17/supporters-plot-i-69-strategy/

  65. I-69 elite show foes off ramp. By Dan Carpenter. Indianapolis Star. January 5, 2003. p. D03. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  66. Federal funding for I-69 could be problem - Lugar notes U.S. facing a time of extraordinary needs in health care, Social Security and education. By Maureen Groppe. Indianapolis Star. January 10, 2003. p. A08. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  67. Leaders in Terre Haute not surprised by decision - O'Bannon had new highway in mind from the start, Vigo officials say. By Tim Evans. Indianapolis Star. January 10, 2003. p. A09. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  68. New-terrain route a problem, not a solution. Guest Column. By Thomas Tokarski, president, Citizens for Appropriate Rural Roads (CARR). Bloomington Herald Times. January 29, 2003.

  69. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2003/01/29/digitalcity.030129_HT_A8_SLB55202.sto

  70. Highway was town's U-turn. Some say Michigan model could serve as path to jobs, growth - Coldwater's boom took toll, but Indiana city is eager for shot at success. By DAN MCFEELY. Indianapolis Star. March 9, 2003. p. A01. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  71. National I-69 would be longer than existing Interstates. News Release. Bloomington Alternative. July 13, 2003

  72. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2003/07/13/7331

  73. CIVITAS: When the means are the ends. By Gregory Travis. Bloomington Alternative. August 24, 2003.

  74. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2003/08/24/7364

  75. INDOT Completes Environmental Study for I-69 Project. Inside Indiana Business with Gerry Dick. December 19, 2003.

  76. http://www.insideindianabusiness.com/newsitem.asp?id=10099&print=1

  77. I-69 has everything to do with campaign contributions. Commentary by Thomas Tokarski, president of Citizens for Appropriate Rural Roads. Bloomington Alternative. April 18, 2004

  78. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2004/04/18/7502

  79. Seen as boon or boondoggle, I-69 builds interest. By JOHN STRAUSS. Indianapolis Star. April 28, 2004. p. B01. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage).

  80. Highway connections: interstate 69 moves down the road to reality.(Regional Report Southwest). By Yancey Modonna. Indiana Business Magazine. June 4, 2004.

  81. http://www.allbusiness.com/north-america/united-states-indiana/178815-1.html?yahss=114-2974554-178815

  82. I-69 message reaches voters across Indiana. By Steven Higgs. Bloomington Alternative. September 5, 2004.

  83. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2004/09/05/7611

  84. Debating I-69. [2004 Governor's race] Evansville Courier. October 6, 2004. p. A11 (F/T available in Factiva)



  85. DANIELS' ADMINISTRATION (2005 - ) PROPOSED I-69 EXTENSION -- SUPPORT, OPPOSITION, GENERAL ACTIVITY:

  86. In his own words: Matt Pierce on I-69. By Steven Higgs. Bloomington Alternative. January 2, 2005.

  87. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2005/01/02/7675

  88. Stepping out of the I-69 quagmire? By Steven Higgs. Bloomington Alternative. January 9, 2005.

  89. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2005/01/09/7680

  90. Indianapolis council votes against I-69 route plan. City-county council says interstate would disrupt travel, divide suburban area in Marion County. Bloomington Herald Times. February 9, 2005.

  91. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2005/02/09/news.0209-HT-C1_BFH14796.sto

  92. IU students, community speak out against I-69 construction. INPIRG: highway would destroy 1,400 acres of forest land. By Pat Giese. Indiana Daily Student. April 21, 2005.

  93. http://www.idsnews.com/news/story.aspx?id=41110&comview=1

  94. Heating up in Southwest Indiana: getting I-69 done, retail development and the Freedom Festival. By Ken Newcomb, Jr. Indiana Business Magazine. June 1, 2005.

  95. http://www.allbusiness.com/human-resources/467853-1.html?yahss=114-2974554-467853

  96. DRIVERS TO PAY FOR I- 69 - HIGHER TOLLS WILL FUND ROADS - Daniels' plan could privatize 2 interstates. By Theodore Kim. Indianpolis Star. September 27, 2005. B01. (F/T available from Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries website.)

  97. INDOT gets earful at hearing. Highway foes express frustration at meeting Wednesday night. By Kurt Van der Dussen. Bloomington Herald Times. November 17, 2005.

  98. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2005/11/17/news.1117-HT-A3_JJP73710.sto

  99. Sale of the State Address. By Steven Higgs. Bloomington Alternative. January 18, 2006.

  100. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2006/01/18/7891

  101. Opponents havn't lost drive to defeat I-69. By Ruth Holladay. Indianapolis Star. January 29, 2006. p. B01. (F/T available from Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries website.)

  102. Panel hears foes blast Daniels' highway plan. By Mike Smith. Associated Press Newswires. February 16, 2006. (F/T in Factiva)

  103. Major problems for majormoves? - With only 6 days remaining in the legislative session, disputes over I- 69 's tolls and route threaten Daniels' plan Getting enough votes for passage has been an uphill climb. By Mary Beth Schneider and Michele McNeil. Indianapolis Star. March 9, 2006. p. A01. (F/T available from Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries website.)

  104. Highway to Hell. A Descent into Daniels' Inferno. By Laura McPhee. NUVO. March 15, 2006.

  105. http://www.nuvo.net/articles/article_5547/

  106. Fork in the road may await I- 69 - Change could stall plans -- or not happen at all. By Theodore Kim. Indianapolis Star. March 19, 2006. p. A01. (F/T available from Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries website.)

  107. Martinsville City Council rejects anti-I-69 resolution. Council members to meet with INDOT representatives April 3. By Ronald Hawkins. Bloomington Herald Times. March 23, 2006.

  108. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2006/03/23/news.0323-HT-A5_EAV02012.sto

  109. I-69 opponents ready to fight to the end. By Kurt Van der Dussen. June 30, 2006.

  110. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2006/06/30/news.new.1151639630.sto

  111. Monroe legislators unite to speak out against toll road. Welch, Simpson and Pierce write letter to highway officials, opposing I-69 plan. By Kurt Van der Dussen. Bloomington Herald Times. July 26, 2006.

  112. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2006/07/26/news.new.1153886303.sto

  113. Why we must stop new-terrain I-69. Citizens for Appropriate Rural Roads (Stanford, Ind.). Stanford, Ind. : Citizens for Appropriate Rural Roads, [2007]. (Available in Wells Library/GIMSS TE24.I6 C58)

  114. Governor Daniels and INDOT Seek Public Input on Major Transportation Proposals. PR Newswire (U.S.). January 10, 2007. (F/T in Factiva)

  115. Tolls Possible for I-69: Daniels. By Eric Bradner. The Evansville Courier. January 20, 2007. A1.

  116. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2007/jan/20/tolls-possible-for-i-69-daniels/

  117. Change Removes I-69 Roadblock. By BRYAN CORBIN. The Evansville Courier. January 31, 2007. B1.

  118. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2007/jan/31/change-removes-i-69-roadblock/

  119. USI to do I-69 Impact Study. The Evansville Courier. March 24, 2007. B1.

  120. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2007/mar/24/usi-to-do-i-69-impact-study/

  121. Search on Again for I-69 Funding. By BRYAN CORBIN. The Evansville Courier. March 27, 2007. A1.

  122. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2007/mar/27/search-on-again-for-i-69-funding/

  123. Design work on I-69 extension may begin next week. Associated Press Newswires. June 27, 2007.

  124. http://www.washtimesherald.com/local/local_story_179131913.html

  125. Sen. Wyss Determined to Drive on I-69 South. By Bryan Corbin. The Evansville Courier. July 16, 2007. A3. (F/T in Factiva)

  126. Evicted for I-69. By Steven Higgs. Bloomington Alternative. July 18, 2007.

  127. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2007/07/18/8519

  128. Engineering firm backs Daniels. By Brian Corbin. Evansville Courier. July 22, 2007.

  129. http://courierpress.com/news/2007/jul/22/engineering-firm-backs-daniels/

  130. I-69 planners on 'high alert'. By Bryan Corbin. Evansville Courier. September 18, 2007.

  131. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2007/sep/18/i-69-planners-on-high-alert/

  132. Up to 416 homes stand in I-69's path. Associate Press Report in the Indianapolis Star. October 25, 2007. (F/T available from Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries website.)

  133. Long Thompson says she favors I-69. [Elections 2008]. By Bethany Nolan. Bloomington Herald Times. January 15, 2008.

  134. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2008/01/15/news.qp-2681494.sto

  135. Firm gets I-69 job just months after settling fraud claims. Associated Press. Bloomington Herald Times. April 23, 2008.

  136. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2008/04/23/statenews.qp-8940796.sto

  137. I-69 groundbreaking ceremony invitation-only. Associated Press. Bloomington Herald Times. July 3, 2008.

  138. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2008/07/03/statenews.qp-5351419.sto

  139. I-69 construction off to a rocky start. This weeks mystery I-69 groundbreaking promises protest along with celebration. By Mike Leonard. Bloomington Herald Times. July 13, 2008.

  140. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2008/07/13/news.qp-9708830.sto

  141. I-69 protesters arrested; event set for Wednesday. Private celebration of construction beginning is set for Wednesday. Associated Press. Bloomington Herald Times. July 15, 2008.

  142. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2008/07/15/statenews.qp-7113455.sto

  143. I-69 advocates celebrate groundbreaking. Associated Press. Bloomington Herald Times. July 17, 2008.

  144. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2008/07/17/statenews.qp-9083889.sto

  145. Crews push ahead on 1st section of I-69 extension. Associated Press. Bloomington Herald Times. September 7, 2008.

  146. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2008/09/07/statenews.nw-809659.sto

  147. Construction of Martinsville portion of I-69 may wait until 2015. By Ronald Hawkins Martinsville Reporter-Times. September 23, 2008.

  148. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2008/09/23/news.qp-3566055.sto


    INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (INDOT) TIER STUDIES, RECORDS OF DECISION, FISCAL PLANS, AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS:

  149. The Official I-69 Evansville to Indy Tier 1 Web Site. Bernardin Lochmueller & Associates, Inc.

  150. http://deis.i69indyevn.org/
    The final environmental impact statement (FEIS) which includes the chapters: (1). project history and background; (2). purpose and need; (3). alternatives; (4). affected environment; (5). environmental consequences; (6). comparison of alternatives; (7). mitigation and commitments; (8). section 4(f) evalution; (9). list of preparers; (10). distribution of EIS; (11). comments, coordination, and public involvement; and (12). references for the Indianapolis to Evansville choosen 3C route.

  151. I-69 Evansville to Indianapolis Tier 2 Studies Web Site. (Official Interstate 69 Study.)

  152. http://www.i69indyevn.org/
    Includes draft environmental impact statements (DEIS) for all six sections of the Indianapolis to Evansville 3C route.

  153. Tier 1 Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) & Section 4(f) Evaluation. Download page. [Indianapolis : Indiana Dept. of Transportation, 2006]

  154. http://www.deis.i69indyevn.org/FEIS/index.html A summary of the FEIS in html format, a map of the preferred alternative, and detailed maps of the preferred I-69 alternative are included.

  155. Tier 1 Record of Decision (ROD) Download Page.

  156. http://deis.i69indyevn.org/ROD/index.html
    Includes a summary of comments received on the I-69 FEIS; responses to major issues raised on comments; additional 4(f) documentation; air quality conformity findings; and errata for FEIS.

  157. INDOT 2000 - 2025 Long Range Fiscal Plan

  158. http://www.in.gov/indot/files/Chapter_08(1).pdf


    HISTORY OF THE I-69 EXTENTION IN SOUTHWEST INDIANA:

  159. I-69 Evansville to Indianapolis. Final Environmental Impact Statement. Chapter 1 - Project History and Background.

  160. http://deis.i69indyevn.org/FEIS/Vol1-FEIS/PDF/Chapter01.pdf

  161. The I-69 Evansville-to-Indianapolis Study. Tier 1 Environmental Impact Statement. Task 3.1 Project History Statement. Indiana Department of Transportation. October 25, 2000.

  162. http://deis.i69indyevn.org/pdf_files/Project_History_Statement_12-20-00.pdf.pdf

  163. Democrats' historic ties to I-69. By Steven Higgs. Bloomington Alternative. August 25, 2002

  164. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2002/08/25/7087

  165. I-69: Road to democratic ruin - Donohue. By Steven Higgs. Bloomington Alternative. August 3, 2003.

  166. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2003/08/03/7349

  167. Interstate 69 (Corridors 18 and 20). AARoads.com Website. May 2004.

  168. http://www.aaroads.com/high-priority/corr18.html

  169. Southern Indiana Toll Road. Wikipedia.

  170. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_Indiana_Toll_Road


    STATE SPONSORED FEASIBILITY STUDIES, ANALYSES, AND REPORTS:

  171. North-South Toll Road Feasibility Report (Evansville to Lafayette). [Indiana Department of Transportation?] 1966.

  172. "This report studied an Interstate-type toll road extending from Evansville to the then proposed I-65 near Lafayette, Indiana. Providing a link between Evansville and Indianapolis was not a major consideration of this study. The major impetus was the movement of north-south traffic through western Indiana to link with points to the north such as the Gary-Chicago area. Four alternative alignments were examined in this document. The estimated traffic and toll revenues for the road were based on the amount of traffic that would be diverted from existing routes, normal projected traffic growth, and the amount of traffic generated by the road. By comparing the estimated project costs with projected annual revenues, it was concluded that none of the alternative alignments would be financially feasible as a toll road."

  173. Southwest Indiana Highway Feasibility Study: Executive Summary. Donohue & Associates, Inc., Cambridge Systematics, Inc., Congdon Engineering Associates, Inc. Indianapolis, Indiana: Indiana Dept. of Transportation, 1990. (Located in Government Information, Microforms & Statistical Services (GIMSS) of the Wells Library. Indiana University at HE356.I6 D66 1990.) and the Indiana State Library, Indianapolis.

  174. The "Southwest Indiana Highway Feasibility Study" (also known as the "Donohue Study") was a congressionally funded cost/benefit analysis of four potential highway routes through Southwest Indiana, including a new Interstate between Indianapolis and Evansville. The study was conducted for the Indiana Department of Transportation (INDOT) and the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) by Donohue & Associates. The study concluded that "based on the results of the cost/benefit evaluation, construction was not recommended for any of the four alternatives...This suggests that there may be other projects both inside and outside Southwest Indiana that would represent better investments." (p.12 of the Study)

  175. Evansville-to-Indianapolis (I-69) Project: Regional Economic Needs Analysis. Prepared for the Indiana Department of Transportation by The Council for Urban Economic Development. (Washington, D.C.) October 2000.

  176. http://deis.i69indyevn.org/pdf_files/ren-cued.pdf


    CASE STUDIES:

  177. Case: The Ethics and Economics of Expanding Interstate 69 in Indiana. By Alisa Clapp-Itnyre. Business Communication Quarterly. June 2000. Vol. 63. p.92-103.

  178. http://bcq.sagepub.com/cgi/reprint/63/2/92


    INDEPENDENT STUDIES:

  179. Study points to I-69's economic potential. Report by IU professors concludes justification for road has grown since 1990. By Steven Higgs. Herald Times. February 2, 1995.

  180. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/1995/02/02/archive.19950202.32e4c99.sto

  181. Reevaluation of the Benefits and Costs of the Proposed Southwest Indiana Highway. Dr. Neal Johnson, Indiana University. School of Public and Environmental Affairs. May 1997. (Summary)

  182. http://www.commonsensei-69.org/johnsonstudy.htm

  183. The Proposed New Interstate 69 Highway: Is it a cost-effective Rural Economic Development Tool for Southwest Indiana? By Wim Wiewel, Joseph Persky, and Mark Edward Sendzik. University of Illinois, Chicago. 1999.

  184. http://www.commonsensei69.org/documents/I69UICRpt01-00-99.pdf

  185. Jobs Created by I-69 in Key Areas Cost $1.5 Million Each. I-69 Opponents Say New Study Shows It's "Cheaper to Throw $100 Bills Out the Window". CARR. January 20, 1999.

  186. http://www.carri69.org/facts/wieval.html


    COSTS/BENEFITS AND FINANCING ASSOCIATED WITH I-69 '3C' EXTENSION (see also INDIANA COMMERCE CONNECTOR):

  187. Show me the money. Debate swirls around financing plans for extension of I-69. By Laura Lane. Bloomington Herald Times. February 1, 2004

  188. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2004/02/01/news.0201-SH-A1_JLR14604.sto

  189. I-69 Costs Clearly Outweigh Benefits. Projects High Cost Threatens Road Projects Statewide. Press Release: February 5, 2004 : Hoosier Environmental Council, Environmental Law and Policy Center, Association of Monroe County Taxpayers, Marion County Alliance of Neighborhood Associations, and Citizens for Appropriate Rural Roads

  190. http://www.mcanaindy.org/hottopics/i69/pr020504hec.htm

  191. Indy-Evansville route. I-69 wins federal OK - 142-mile stretch is 8-14 years away. State to pay 20% of $1.78 billion tab. Opponents insist debate is not over. By JASON THOMAS AND JOHN R. O'NEILL. Indianapolis Star. March 30, 2004. p. A01. (F/T available from Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries website.)

  192. Does I-69 pose a threat to other road projects? By JASON THOMAS. Indianapolis Star. March 31, 2004. p. B01. (F/T available from Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries website.)

  193. Daniels suggests tolls on Ind. 37, I-69. Highway plan 'a bad idea that just got worse,' Kruzan says. By Kurt Van der Dussen. Bloomington Herald Times. September 27, 2005.

  194. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2005/09/27/news.new.1127794872.sto

  195. Governor defends plan to make I-69 a toll road. Daniels visits Bloomington to talk transportation. By Kurt Van der Dussen. Bloomington Herald Times. September 30, 2005.

  196. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2005/09/30/news.new.1128058591.sto

  197. Daniels proposes costly new I-69 scheme. By Steven Higgs. The Bloomington Alternative. Oct. 2, 2005.

  198. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2005/10/02/7841

  199. Toll road or no road? By Matt Pierce. Bloomington Alternative. October 16, 2005.

  200. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2005/10/16/7846

  201. I-69 foes gear up to fight 'Major Moves'. Governor likely to tout toll road plan in State of State speech; critics say job-creation estimates 'wildly optimistic'. By Kurt Van der Dussen. Bloomington Herald Times. January 10, 2006.

  202. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2006/01/10/news.0110-HT-A3_MCW76573.sto

  203. Toll road, no road - or something else? Some I-69 possibilities anger Monroe County lawmakers. By Kurt Van der Dussen. March 14, 2006.

  204. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2006/03/14/news.new.1142309823.sto

  205. INDOT to defend I-69 toll road plan Thursday at AMVETS open house. State transportation officials say '3-C' route via Bloomington is best route for a tollway as well as a freeway. By Kurt Van der Dussen. Bloomington Herald Times. June 26, 2006.

  206. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2006/06/27/news.0627-HT-A3_MCW85692.sto

  207. Daniels leery of I-69 toll plan. By BRYAN CORBIN, Evansville Courier & Press Statehouse bureau. Indiana Economic Digest. October 7, 2006.

  208. http://www.indianaeconomicdigest.net/main.asp?SectionID=31&SubSectionID=66&ArticleID=29763

  209. Daniels proposes toll-free I-69. By BRYAN CORBIN and BILL MEDLEY. Evansville Courier. November 10, 2006.

  210. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2006/nov/10/daniels-proposes-toll-free-i-69/?printer=1/

  211. Indiana Takes Closer Look at Public Private Partnerships. ENR: Engineering News-Record; 11/20/2006, Vol. 257 Issue 20, p5. (F/T in Business Source Premier)

  212. Highway Help. The Issue: Committee advances bill to provide for I-69 funding. Our View: Distant legislative allies are much appreciated. Editorial. The Evansville Courier. February 2, 2007. A10

  213. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2007/feb/02/highway-help/

  214. INDIANA: Tolls Authorized. Transport Topics. February 26, 2007. p.26 (F/T available in ABI/INFORM)

  215. Daniels is Upbeat About I-69 Funding. The Evansville Courier. February 28, 2007. B1.

  216. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2007/feb/28/daniels-is-upbeat-about-i-69-funding/

  217. INDOT Study Reveals Huge Cost Increases for I-69. New-Terrain I-69 Costs Projected to Soar by 90%. Fact Sheet. Citizens for Appropriate Rural Roads. March 2007.

  218. http://www.carri69.org/facts/I69_cost_fact_sheet.pdf

  219. I-69 is spiraling out of control. By John Smith. Bloomington Alternative. March 28, 2007.

  220. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2007/03/28/8204

  221. Interstate foes call cost of road 'out of reach' . By Steve Hennefeld. Bloomington Herald Times. March 29, 2007. p.1

  222. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2007/03/29/news.nw-140859.sto

  223. Projected cost of 13-mile section of I-69 extension grows sharply. By Rick Callahan. Associated Press State and Local Wire. March 29, 2007.

  224. http://www.wabashplaindealer.com/articles/2007/03/30/state_news/state2.txt&cid=1114913637&ei=PnsNRsfQJ4-oqgOVvcXfAw

  225. State sees costs rise for Interstate 69 project. By Theodore Kim. Indianapolis Star. April 1, 2007. (F/T in ABI/INFORM)

  226. House speaker favors itemized funding for I-69 extension. Associated Press Newswires. April 16, 2007.

  227. http://www.wthr.com/Global/story.asp?S=6370604&nav=9Tahaf91

  228. I-69 warning: Rising costs ahead. Rep. Pierce to discuss rising cost of interstate from Evansville to Indy. By Steve Hinnefeld. Bloomington Herald Times. April 18, 2007.

  229. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2007/04/18/news.nw-934349.sto

  230. $26 Billion Budget Approved will Fund I-69 Property Tax Relief. By Bryan Corbin. The Evansville Courier. April 30, 2007. A1.

  231. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2007/apr/30/budget/

  232. Daniels is Ready to Charge Ahead with I-69. By BYRON ROHRIG. The Evansville Courier. May 3, 2007. B1

  233. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2007/may/03/daniels-is-ready-to-charge-ahead-with-i-69/

  234. Democrats Rally Support for I-69. By THOMAS B. LANGHORNE. The Evansville Courier. May 11, 2007. B1.

  235. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2007/may/11/democrats-rally-support-for-i-69/

  236. I-69 on Path to Becoming Reality. By BRYAN CORBIN. The Evansville Courier. June 3, 2007. B1

  237. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2007/jun/03/i-69-on-path-to-becoming-reality/


    INDIANA COMMERCE CORRIDOR (ICC) PROPOSED BY DANIELS' ADMINISTRATION:

    The Indiana Commerce Connector was a $1.5 billion tollway proposed for the far east-side of Marion County and promoted by Governor Mitch Daniels in November 2006 to help fund the costs of a new terrain I-69 in southwestern Indiana. The ICC tollway was to run through the cities of Pendleton, Greenfield, Shelbyville and Franklin and connect to the planned I-69 extension at Martinsville. Because of widespread opposition the proposal was dropped in late March 2007 by the Governor.

  238. Governor: No Tolls For I-69; Proposes Indiana Commerce Connector. Inside Indiana Business with Gerry Dick. November 9, 2006.

  239. http://www.insideindianabusiness.com/newsitem.asp?ID=20483

  240. Daniels Continues Toll I-69 With ICC Plan. Political Game of Musical Toll Roads Is Not Fooling Hoosiers. Editorial. By Tom Tokarski and Brenda Bruster. CARR Website. [2006]

  241. http://www.carri69.org/editorial/toll_I69_ICC_plan.html

  242. The right direction? Governor's Pitch: 75-mile Metro tollway would Boost Business, Ease TrafficThe concerns: Some fear road will worsen sprawl, destroy land

  243. The I-69 connection: Under plan, proposed toll for extension is dropped - Private firm would build, operate road. By THEODORE KIM AND MARY BETH SCHNEIDER. Indianapolis Star. November 10, 2006. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage).

  244. Daniels: I-69 will be no-toll. But governor has big, new proposal - a tolled beltway connecting counties around Indianapolis. By Steve Hinnefeld. Bloomington Herald Times. November 10, 2006.

  245. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2006/11/10/news.new.1163134486.sto

  246. Daniels has big ideas. Governor sits down with H-T, talks about agenda. [Indiana Commerce Connector] By Laura Lane. Bloomington Herald Times. November 11, 2006.

  247. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2006/11/11/news.new.1163223944.sto

  248. Critics: Tollway loop around Indy will really be I-69. Some question whether Indiana Commerce Connector is just a new way to build highway extension. By Steve Hinnefeld. Bloomington Herald Times. November 15, 2006.

  249. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2006/11/15/news.new.1163567248.sto

  250. Why we call Daniels' "Commerce Connector" TCC-I69. From the COUNT US! Website. [2006/2007].

  251. http://www.i69tour.org/why_tcc-i69.html

  252. Interstate 69: Powerful senator makes link between proposed highway and Indy bypass. Evansville Courier. January 16, 2007.

  253. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2007/jan/16/interstate-69/?printer=1/

  254. Hearing on Road Bill Today. Indiana Commerce Connector would help finance I-69. Hearing on Road Bill Today. By Bryan Corbin. The Evansville Courier. January 23, 2007. A1.

  255. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2007/jan/23/hearing-on-road-bill-today/

  256. Tollway foes urge lawmakers to slow down proposals. Associated Press. Bloomington Herald Times. January 24, 2007.

  257. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2007/01/24/news.qp-877953.sto

  258. Bill to Keep I-69 Free. By Lucas Niekamp. The Shield (University of Southern Indiana Newspaper). January 25, 2007.

  259. http://www.usishield.com/2.4775/1.458519

  260. The ICC - Another hare-brained I-69 scheme. By Steve Bonney. Bloomington Alternative. January 28, 2007.

  261. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2007/01/28/8139

  262. Daniels would back off on roads. Chesterton Tribune. March 16, 2007.

  263. http://chestertontribune.com/Illiana/31622%20daniels_said_willing_to_back_off.htm

  264. Daniels abandons Indy-area toll road - Decision follows fierce criticism, raises questions on I- 69 project. By Mary Beth Schneider. Indianapolis Star. March 25, 2007. p. A01 (F/T available from Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries website.)

  265. Indiana Commerce Connector cancelled. Gov. Daniels withdraws toll road proposals in face of public opposition. By Ronald Hawkins. Reporter-Times (Martinsville). March 25, 2007.

  266. http://www.reporter-times.com/?module=displaystory&story_id=40107&format=html

  267. Commerce Connector scrapped. By GAVIN LESNICK. Evansville Courier. March 25, 2007.

  268. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2007/mar/25/commerce-connecter-scrapped/

  269. Dropping connector plan renews I-69 questions. By Ronald Hawkins. Reporter-Times (Martinsville). March 26, 2007.

  270. http://www.reporter-times.com/?module=displaystory&story_id=40113&format=html


    POLLS, SURVEYS, AND SOLICITED PUBLIC COMMENT:

  271. Survey shows gaps in support. By Steve Hinnefeld. Bloomington Herald Times. February 6, 1998.

  272. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/1998/02/06/news.980206_C1_WGH00166.sto

  273. State highway chief: Poll no surprise. Environmental leaders criticize method, findings. Bloomington Herald Times. By Steve Hinnefeld. Bloomington Herald Times. October 7, 2002.

  274. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2002/10/07/news.021007_HT_A1_DEH21028.sto

  275. Survey says 'new' I-69 favored. Newspaper's poll says 49 percent of respondents like 'new terrain' route. Evansville Courier. October 8, 2002.

  276. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2002/oct/08/survey-says-new-i-69-favored/

  277. I-69 survey: Biased, professional, or something else? Commentary. By Steven Higgs. Bloomington Alternative. October 13, 2002.

  278. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/node/7120

  279. Poll missed on several points. Guest Column. By Andy Ruff. Bloomington Herald Times. October 28, 2002.

  280. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2002/10/28/digitalcity.021028_HT_A6_SLB53938.sto

  281. Fernandez: Polls show opinion is evenly split. By Sarah Morin. Bloomington Herald Times. January 11, 2003

  282. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2003/01/11/news.030111_HT_A1_MCW27402.sto

  283. I-70 and US 41. The Common Sense Route for I-69 between Evansville and Indianapolis. 94% of Interstate 69 Comments Oppose New Terrain Route. Press Release. [Environmental Law and Policy Center] April 23, 2003.

  284. http://www.commonsensei-69.org/pressrealeases/pressrelease04-23-03.htm

  285. Most public comments against new I-69 route. By Jennifer Whitson. Evansville Courier Press. April 24, 2003.

  286. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2003/apr/24/most-public-comments-against-new-i-69-route/

  287. Fairgoers speak their mind in poll. New-terrain I-69, Bush losers in unscientific survey. By Kurt Van der Dussen. Bloomington Herald Times. August 7, 2003.

  288. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2003/08/07/news.0807-HT-A1_PM037771.sto

  289. Township takes stand against I-69. Indian Creek residents resoundingly reject proposed highway at vote Tuesday night. By Kurt Van der Dussen. Bloomington Herald Times. July 19, 2006.

  290. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2006/07/19/news.new.1153278996.sto


    THE '3C' NEW TERRAIN ROUTE CHOICE OF O'BANNON/KERNAN ADMINISTRATION (2003 -) -- POLITICS and REACTION :

  291. I-69 plan may spur Crane growth - Easier access could improve naval center's chances of surviving next round of closings. Indianapolis Star. By Dan McFeely. Indianapolis Star. August 20, 2002. p. A01. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  292. IU group backs new-terrain I-69 - Students form organization to promote a route through Bloomington; opposition meeting planned. By Dan McFeely. Indianapolis Star. December 7, 2002. p. B03. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  293. Kruzan denounces new-terrain I-69. By Steven Higgs. Bloomington Alternative. January 5, 2003.

  294. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2003/01/05/7187

  295. Governor draws I-69, budget battle lines. Pathway is picked to help the south - Parts of governor's route will be cut from land with scenic and environmental worth. By DAN MCFEELY. Indianapolis Star. January 10, 2003. p. A01. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  296. Opponents focus on fighting decision - Calling it "the most outrageous route," foes say environment would take a major blow. By Tammy Webber. Indianapolis Star. January 10, 2003. p. A09. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  297. Democrats decry route. O'Bannon, Fernandez criticized for support of route seen as risking [Bloomington] area's quality of life. By Kurt Van der Dussen. Bloomington Herald Times. January 11, 2003.

  298. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2003/01/11/news.030111_HT_A1_MCW27404.sto

  299. New I-69 to wind through many lives - From Evansville to Indy, highway would affect countless jobs, homes and landscapes. By Dan McFeely. Indianapolis Star. January 12, 2003. p. A01 (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  300. And now, suggestions for I-69. By Dan McFeely. Indianapolis Star. January 13, 2003. p. B03. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage)

  301. Dem candidates split on I-69. One says new route better choice; other wants more study. Associated Press Report. Cincinnati Enquirer. May 26, 2003.

  302. http://www.enquirer.com/editions/2003/05/26/loc_IN-I69democrats26dg.html

  303. I-69 comments didn't support chosen route. By Steve Hinnefeld. Bloomington Herald Times. April 24, 2003.

  304. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2003/04/24/news.0424-HT-A1_PJR27577.sto

  305. State releases plan to limit I-69 damage - $77 million would ease environmental destruction caused by the extension. By Dan McFeely. Indianapolis Star. December 19, 2003. p. A01. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage).

  306. Last link chosen for I-69 extension - Southern leg would run east of Evansville and include a new bridge over the Ohio. By Dan McFeely. Indianapolis Star. February 12, 2004. p. B05. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage).

  307. Environmentalists, loggers join forces against I-69 route. By Michael Schroeder. Bloomington Herald Times. February 16, 2004.

  308. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2004/02/16/news.0216-HT-A1_PJR34918.sto

  309. INDOT withholds crucial information from Final EIS for I-69. News Release of CARR and HEC. Bloomington Alternative. February 29, 2004.

  310. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2004/02/29/7476

  311. I-69 plan rankles residents. Community [Bloomington] disagrees over future of proposed highway. By Holly Johnson. Indiana Daily Student. April 8, 2004.

  312. http://www.idsnews.com/news/story.aspx?id=34499&comview=1

  313. Interstate would bisect southern Indiana Amish farms. By Kimberly Hefling. Associated Press Newswires. May 7, 2004. (F/T available in Factiva)

  314. Resolution asks state not to run I-69 through city. This time around, council sponsors have mayor on their side. By Sarah Morin. Bloomington Herald Times. September 22, 2004.

  315. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2004/09/22/news.0922-HT-A1_RDS11793.sto

  316. I-69 Critics Plan to `Birddog' Kernan. By Jennifer Whitson. Evansville Courier. May 23, 2004. B3. (F/T available in Factiva)

  317. I-69 stand could cost Kernan votes, opponents hope. By Ruth Holladay. Indianapolis Star. May 23, 2004. p. B01. (F/T available from Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries website.)

  318. I-69 opponents turn their wrath on Kernan. Protesters hold governor responsible for route. By Mary Beth Schneider. Indianapolis Star. May 25, 2004. p. B03. (F/T available from Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries website.)

  319. City of Bloomington set to officially oppose I-69. By Steven Higgs. Bloomington Alternative. September 19, 2004.

  320. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2004/09/19/7621

  321. Council on record against I-69 route. Resolution of opposition cheered by foes of highway. By Sarah Morin. Bloomington Herald Times. September 23, 2004.

  322. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2004/09/23/news.0923-HT-A1_RDS11835.sto


    EDITORIALS:

  323. Opponents of Interstate 69 on the Right Road. Editorial. South Bend Tribune. August 16, 1998.

  324. A Better Way to Extend I-69 South Our View: Using Existing I-70 and U.S. 41 would be Cheaper, Create Fewer Problems. [Editorial] News-Sentinel, (Fort Wayne, IN) - February 8, 1999 - FIRST SECTION (Available from IU Libraries on microfilm at AN2.F7 N5)

  325. I-69 costly, wasteful option. Editorial. From the Terre Haute Tribune Star. (Reported in Evansville Courier.) October 16, 1999. A7. (F/T available in Factiva)

  326. Don't short-circuit I-69 route debate. Editorial. Indianapolis Star. July 10, 2001. p.A06. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage.)

  327. Public's the winner with I-69 finalists. Editorial. Indianapolis Star. October 18, 2001. p.A20. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage.)

  328. I-69 Good for IU, Indiana. Indiana Daily Student. Editorial. January 15, 2002.

  329. http://www.idsnews.com/news/story.aspx?id=7671

  330. The Destruction of Rural Indiana. By Jim Harper. Indiana Daily Student. Commentary. February 8, 2002.

  331. http://www.idsnews.com/news/story.aspx?id=8224

  332. Bluegrass State draws the blue line. Editorial. Indianapolis Star. March 9, 2002. p. A12. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage.)

  333. Community Comment: Building new terrain I-69 would benefit all of Indiana. By Donald E. LaFon. Evansville Courier & Press. Commentary. May 22, 2002.

  334. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2002/may/22/community-comment-building-new-terrain-i-69-all/?printer=1/

  335. The road to petition: I-69 battle nears its end. Editorial. Indianapolis Star. August 4, 2002. p. D02. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage.)

  336. A vote for I-69 via Bloomington. Eventual new interstate must serve areas not now served by highways. Editorial. Bloomington Herald Times. August 13, 2002.

  337. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2002/08/13/digitalcity.020813_HT_A8_SLB52816.sto

  338. I-69 an economic opportunity. Editorial. Bloomington Herald Times. August 14, 2002.

  339. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2002/08/14/digitalcity.020814_HT_A10_LFS15459.sto

  340. I-69 has many shades of gray. Editorial. Bloomington Herald Times. August 15, 2002.

  341. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2002/08/15/digitalcity.020815_HT_A10_SLB52856.sto

  342. The Politics of Reason on I-69. Fault lines over the route for Interstate 69 through southwestern Indiana are growing more distinct. Editorial. Terre Haute Tribune-Star. October, 2002. (Courtesy of the CARR website)

  343. http://www.bloomington.in.us/~carr/editorial/politicsreason.html

  344. I-69 coalition deserves an ear. Editorial. Indianapolis Star. October 28, 2002. p. A12. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage.)

  345. Another Opinion. Editorial. Terre Haute Tribune-Star. November, 2002. (Courtesy of the CARR website)

  346. http://www.carri69.org/editorial/terrehaute.html

  347. Imagining life out of fast lanes. By Dan Carpenter. (Op-Ed Column) Indianapolis Star. November 10, 2002. p. D03. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage.)

  348. Way to Go. Editorial. South Bend Tribune. November 16, 2002. (Courtesy of the CARR website)

  349. http://www.bloomington.in.us/~carr/editorial/waytogo.html

  350. Interstate Progress Still Stop-and-Go. Editorial. Indianapolis Star. November 17, 2002. (Courtesy of the CARR website)

  351. http://www.bloomington.in.us/~carr/editorial/stopandgo.html

  352. I-69 route choice not end of road. Editorial. Indianapolis Star. January 10, 2003. p. A12. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage.)

  353. No middle of this road. As I-69 issue progresses, only strong leadership will bring city together. Editorial. Bloomington Herald Times. January 16, 2003.

  354. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2003/01/16/digitalcity.030116_HT_A8_SLB55038.sto

  355. Highway noise drowns out public. Editorial. Indianapolis Star. August 23, 2003. p. A12. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage.)

  356. Little consolation for new I-69 route. Editorial. Indianapolis Star. March 30, 2004. p. A06. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage.)

  357. Build it, and they'll keep going. By Dan Carpenter. (Op. Ed.) Indianapolis Star. April 7, 2004. p. A11. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage.)

  358. I-69 toll road could be costly to locals. Millions could flow from commuters to toll road operators if proposed funding plan moves ahead. Editorial. Bloomington Herald Times. March 11, 2006.

  359. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2006/03/11/digitalcity.0311-HT-A8_RDS23550.sto

  360. No smooth road ahead for I-69. Our position: Reconsideration of the route chosen for I-69 would be a worthwhile result of litigation by foes. Editorial. Indianapolis Star. October 4, 2006.

  361. http://www.elpc.org/documents/I-69.EDITORIAL.INDIANAPOLISSTAR.OnLitigation.Oct4.2006.doc

  362. The I-69 Freeway. The Issue: Daniels' plan for a connector loop would mean no tolls on I-69. Editorial. Evansville Courier. November 10, 2006.

  363. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2006/nov/10/the-i-69-freeway/

  364. No Tolls. The Issue: INDOT official says regardless of Indy bypass, I-69 will be toll-free. Editorial. Evansville Courier. January 17, 2007.

  365. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2007/jan/17/no-tolls/

  366. Interstate 69. The Issue: Democrats exclude highway funding from budget. Our View: Put it back. Editorial. Evansville Courier. February 23, 2007.

  367. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2007/feb/23/interstate-69/

  368. Stop playing political games with I-69 funding. By Alan Julian. Evansville Courier Press. March 4, 2007.

  369. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2007/mar/04/stop-playing-political-games-with-i-69-funding/

  370. Public Must Continue to Push for Completion of I-69. By Steve Schaefer executive director of Hoosier Voices for I-69. Editorial. Evansville Courier. March 7, 2007. A7. (F/T available in Factiva)

  371. Interstate 69 the Issue: After Early Session Snub, Proposed Highway Attracting Much Attention. Our View: That Should Lead to Funding this Year, Ground Breaking Next Year. Editorial. The Evansville Courier. April 9, 2007.

  372. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2007/apr/09/interstate-69/

  373. Finally! The Issue: Legislature Approves Funding for First Phase of I-69. Our View: Let's Get Started. Editoral.

  374. The Evansville Courier. May 1, 2007. A6. (F/T in Factiva)

  375. Dream moves closer. The Issue: Design work to begin on Interstate 69.

  376. Our View: Maybe we will drive on it in our lifetime. Editorial. Evansville Courier. July 2, 2007. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2007/jul/02/dream-moves-closer/

  377. Earth First! Common sense last! Editorial. Indiana Daily Student. July 16, 2007.

  378. http://www.idsnews.com/news/story.aspx?id=55224&comview=1


    DISSERTATIONS, THESES:

  379. An analysis of economic development along the interstate 64 corridor in southern Indiana and the implications for future growth along the proposed "new terrain" route for interstate 69. By Kent Hopper. Thesis (M.A.)--Indiana University, 2003. Department of Economics, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI).

  380. The Interstate 69 expansion project : politics or public policy. By Pamela S. Baker. M.P.A. Ball State University. 1998.



  381. FEDERAL LAWSUIT CHALLENGING I-69 (2006-2007):

  382. Environmentalists raising funds to sue over I-69 route. By Jennifer Whitson. Evansville Courier & Press. January 15, 2004.

  383. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2004/jan/15/environmentalists-raising-funds-to-sue-over-i-69/?printer=1/

  384. Lawsuit seeks to block I-69 plan. Group claims harm to the environment. By Rich Callahan. Louisville Courier Journal. October 3, 2006.

  385. http://www.elpc.org/documents/I-69.CourierJournalLawsuitSeekstoBlockI-69PlanOct3.2006.pdf

  386. Federal Lawsuit Filed to Stop I-69. By Drew Speier. 14 WFIE TV News. October 3, 2006.

  387. http://www.14wfie.com/Global/story.asp?S=5490403&nav=menu54_3_3_2

  388. Environmental groups sue over interstate 69's route in Indiana. By Rich Callahan. Transport Topics. Oct. 16, 2006. p.20 (F/T available in ABI/INFORM)

  389. Judge hears arguments in case against I-69. Opponents say $2 billion extension violates federal law, will hurt environment. By Rick Callahan. Associated Press

  390. September 15, 2007. (Courtesy of the CARR Website) http://www.carri69.org/editorial/federal_law_violation.pdf

  391. Lawyers argue about the merits of I-69 planning. Federal judge to rule in lawsuit brought by highway opponents. By James Boyd. Bloomington Herald Times. September 15, 2007.

  392. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2007/09/15/news.qp-7242779.sto

  393. I-69 trouble brewing. Final segment irks lawmaker. By Brian Corbin. Evansville Courier Press. October 14, 2007.

  394. http://courierpress.com/news/2007/oct/14/i-69troublebrewing/

  395. Senators say I-69s proposed northern route still needs legislative approval. Interpretation of Major Moves law as it applies to northernmost segment of proposed extension is focus of lawsuit. Associated Press report. Bloomington Herald Times. October 15, 2007.

  396. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2007/10/15/statenews.qp-0340795.sto

  397. Judge gives I-69 plan nod in suit. By Brian Corbin. Evansville Courier Press. December 10, 2007.

  398. http://www.courierpress.com/news/2007/dec/10/judge-throws-out-i-69-lawsuit/

  399. Groups opposed to I-69 extension lose lawsuit aimed at blocking road. By Mercedes Rodriguez. Bloomington Herald Times. December 12, 2007.

  400. http://www.heraldtimesonline.com/stories/2007/12/12/news.qp-7389786.sto

  401. Ruling lifts roadblock to $2B I-69 extension. Dismissal of suit means work could begin in '08, state says. By Rob Schneider. Indianapolis Star. December 12, 2007. (F/T available from the Indianapolis Star/News Index on the IUB Libraries webpage.)

  402. A Faithless Government. By Steven Higgs. Bloomington Alternative. December 16, 2007.

  403. http://www.bloomingtonalternative.com/articles/2007/12/16/8898


    I- 69 WEBSITES, BLOGS, AND GROUPS:

  404. I-69 Newsline

  405. http://www.i69info.com/ http://www.i69info.com/eva-ind.html

  406. Environmental Law and Policy Center. [I-69 page].

  407. http://elpc.org/2008/06/06/fighting-the-i-69-boondoggle

  408. COUNT US!

  409. http://www.i69tour.org/

  410. CARR, Citizens for Appropriate Rural Roads

  411. http://www.carri69.org/

  412. Marion County Alliance of Neighborhood Associations. I-69 page.

  413. http://www.mcanaindy.org/hottopics/i69/index.htm

  414. alltolled.com. A website created by central Indiana residents who oppose privatized toll roads and a new terrain I-69. (See their "about us" link)

  415. http://www.alltolled.com/mitchsmyths.htm

  416. I-69 News -- updates and info for resistance to the superhighway monster.

  417. http://i69news.bee-town.com/


    MAPS:

  418. Association of Monroe County Taxpayers. [detailed topographical map of the 3A, 3B, and 3C I-69 routes through Monroe County]

  419. http://www.assmotax.org/I69/I69_TOPO.php

  420. Final Environmental Impact Statement. Maps of preferred [3C] alternative from Indianapolis to Evansville. [Indianapolis : Indiana Dept. of Transportation, 2006]

  421. http://www.deis.i69indyevn.org/FEIS/index.html http://www.deis.i69indyevn.org/FEIS/Summary/images/figure24.gif
*-Note: F/T stands for "full text" and these items not hyperlinked above can be found in the IU Libraries databases.


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Nels L. Gunderson
Associate Head, Business/SPEA Information Commons
Indiana University Libraries

gunderso@indiana.edu