Psychological and Brain Sciences
Chancellor's Professor Linda B. Smith
Luther Dana Waterman Professor
Jack and Linda Gill Chair
J. Michael Walker
James Townsend, Stanley Wasserman
James Craig, Robert Goldstone, Robert Nosofsky, David Pisoni, George Rebec, Steven Sherman, Linda B. Smith
Professor and Distinguished Scholar
Jeffrey Alberts, John Bates, Geoffrey Bingham, Sharon Brehm, Jerome Busemeyer, William Estes, Joseph Farley, Peter Finn, Preston Garraghty, S. Lee Guth, Julia Heiman, Amy Holtzworth-Munroe, John Kruschke, Dale Sengelaub, Eliott Smith, William Timberlake, Peter Todd, Richard Viken, Meredith West
Thomas Busey, William Hetrick, Edward Hirt, Susan Jones, Brian O'Donnell, Olaf Sporns, Julie Stout
Brian D'Onofrio, Jason Gold, Thomas James, Sharlene Newman, Anne Prieto, Zakary Tormala, Cara Wellman, Chen Yu
Cynthia Hoffman, Alan Roberts, Scott Thompson, Irene Vlachos-Weber, Robert Weiskopf
James E. Brown, Jody Ferguson, Cindy Moore, Psychology 229, (812) 855-2151
The Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences (PSY) offers a major in psychology leading to the B.A. or B.S. degree and provides course work for undergraduates who wish to satisfy distribution requirements. As a science, psychology seeks to understand the basic principles by which living organisms adapt their behavior to the changing physical and social environments in which they live. The breadth of the discipline, with its links to the humanities, mathematics, and other social and natural sciences, encourages the development of broad problem-solving skills through exposure to research methodology and statistical analysis and contributes to the development of communicative skills. Psychological knowledge, techniques, and skills obtained in the B.A. and B.S. programs are applied in many careers and provide background for students entering graduate work in psychology and related areas, as well as the professions of medicine, dentistry, law, and business.
The B.A. program provides a broad coverage of modern scientific psychology and of the strategies and tactics by which knowledge is acquired in this field. The B.A. program offers the student considerable flexibility in choosing courses, and it requires sufficient background in science and psychology to enable good students to qualify for demanding graduate programs.
Students must complete the following courses in psychology:
Students must also complete the degree requirements for the B.A. degree in the College of Arts and Sciences.
Required Outside Concentration
A single outside concentration is required of all majors in psychology. The outside concentration shall consist of 12 credit hours at any level or of three courses above the 100 level, taken in one department. The following disciplines are frequently chosen as outside concentrations by psychology majors: animal behavior, anthropology, biology, business, chemistry, cognitive science, computer science, criminal justice, history and philosophy of science, linguistics, mathematics, philosophy, or sociology. Students can fulfill this requirement by completing an optional minor, offered by many departments. (See individual departments' sections in this Bulletin for specific required courses.)
Majors should take at least one course in chemistry or physics, one in mathematics, and one in biology (see requirements above). Students should have a sound foundation in mathematics for study in statistics, measurement, and theoretical methods. Those planning graduate work in psychology should include P459. Consult the undergraduate advisors or the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences home page (www.indiana.edu/~psych) for listings of courses and model curricula useful for advanced work in various areas of psychology or for particular vocations.
We recommend that students take P199 Planning Your Psychology Career in the spring of their sophomore year. This course can be used for career guidance and provides students with invaluable information at an appropriate time.
Admission to the B.S. in Psychology Program
To gain admission to the B.S. program, a student must be admitted into the major. To continue and graduate with a B.S. in psychology, a student must maintain a minimum 3.0 (B) grade point average in psychology courses.
The B.S. program in psychology is designed for career-oriented and highly motivated students. The program emphasizes breadth of preparation in science and development of math and computer skills, and it requires more advanced courses and laboratory work in psychology than the B.A. program. The student who graduates with a B.S. in psychology should be well prepared for graduate training in psychology and related fields, for professional schools, and for jobs (not necessarily in psychology) that use scientific training and quantitative techniques.
Students must complete the following fundamental skills and distribution requirements:
Students must complete the following courses in psychology with a minimum grade point average of 3.0 (B) to continue and graduate with a B.S. in psychology:
Required Outside Concentration
A single outside concentration is required of all majors in psychology. The outside concentration shall consist of 12 credit hours at any level or of three courses above the 100 level, taken in one department. The following disciplines are frequently chosen as outside concentrations by psychology majors: animal behavior, anthropology, biology, business, chemistry, cognitive science, computer science, criminal justice, history and philosophy of science, linguistics, mathematics, philosophy, or sociology. Students can fulfill this requirement by an optional minor, offered by many departments. (See individual departments' sections in this Bulletin for specific required courses.)
Students should consult with the psychological and brain sciences undergraduate advisor for additional information on the above requirements. See also the departmental information available at www.indiana.edu/~psych.
We recommend that students take P199 Planning Your Psychology Career in the spring of their sophomore year. This course can be used for career guidance and provides students with invaluable information at an appropriate time.
Students must take a minimum of 40 credit hours. At least 12 credit hours must be completed at or above the 300 level in psychology, and at least 12 credit hours must be completed at or above the 300 level in speech and hearing sciences.
Students must also complete the degree requirements for the B.A. in the College of Arts and Sciences.
Speech and Hearing Sciences
The following courses must be completed with a minimum grade of C-:
Students must complete 15 College of Arts and Sciences credit hours including:
All courses must be completed with a C- or higher, and minor courses must average a minimum of 2.0 overall to earn a minor.
Students whose major department requires a minor should consult with their advisor about additional or other requirements.
A student may earn an area certificate as part of completing the bachelor's degree and in addition to completing requirements for a major. Through course work and lab experiences in this interdisciplinary certificate program, students will develop an in-depth understanding in neuroscience, from the cellular and molecular bases of nervous system function, to a systems-level approach to the study of brain-behavior relationships.
Students must complete a minimum total of 9 courses (3 required basic courses, 3 advanced neuroscience, 2 labs, 1 elective) for a minimum total of 24 credit hours. Students must complete each course required for the certificate with a grade of C- or higher, with an overall GPA of 2.000 for all required courses.
Required Basic Courses (all required):
Advanced Neuroscience Courses (any three):
Lab Courses (any two):
Elective Courses (any one):Note that some of the elective courses have prerequisites that are not included in the Required Basic Courses listed above. Those prerequisites not included in the certificate are indicated in parentheses. However, a student could choose a course that does not have a prerequisite other than those listed for the certificate.
The department offers several special courses for outstanding students. P106 is an intensive introductory course combining P151 and P152. Special courses, P402 and P499, for more advanced students, provide increasing involvement in special problems and research programs, terminating with an independent research project and an honors thesis.
Application for admission to the honors program may be made during the sophomore or junior year. To earn the psychology honors degree, the student must complete P499, including an independent laboratory research project, and complete a strong minor.
We recommend students begin this project no later than spring of their junior year in order to allow adequate time for completion before graduation. Students in the honors program are given preference in assignments of research and teaching assistantships. Students interested in the honors program should request further information from the departmental advisors.
Students are encouraged to study abroad, particularly in Indiana University overseas study programs, where they can continue to make progress toward their degrees and apply financial aid to program fees. For information about study abroad, contact the Office of Overseas Study, Franklin Hall 303, (812) 855-9304 (www.indiana.edu/~overseas).
P101 Introductory Psychology I (3 cr.) N & M Introduction to psychology; its methods, data, and theoretical interpretations in areas of learning, sensory psychology, and psychophysiology. Equivalent to IUPUI B105 and P151, Credit given for only one of P101, or P151, or P106. I Sem., II Sem., SS.
P102 Introductory Psychology II (3 cr.) S & H P: P101 or P151. Continuation of P101. Developmental, social, personality, and abnormal psychology. Equivalent to IUPUI B104 and P152. Credit given for only one of P102, P152, or P106. I Sem., II Sem., SS.
P106 General Psychology, Honors (4 cr.) N & M P: Consent of instructor or Hutton Honors College. Intensive introduction to psychology. Lectures and demonstrations, laboratory exercises, and student projects. Combines material from P101 and P102, or P151 and P152. Credit given only for P101 and P102, or P151 and P152, or P106. I Sem., II Sem., SS.
P151 Introduction to Psychology I for Majors (3 cr.) N & M Introduction to psychology for majors: its roots, methods, data, and theory. Major topics will include experimental methodology, neural science, learning and memory, sensation, perception, and cognition, with particular emphasis placed on experimental design and quantitative analyses. Credit not given for both P151 and P101.
P152 Introduction to Psychology II for Majors (3 cr.) S & H Introduction to psychology for majors. Continuation of P151. Presents major theoretical issues, research methods, and findings in social psychology, developmental psychology, individual differences, and psychopathology. Credit not given for both P152 and P102.
P199 Planning Your Psychology Career (1 cr.) P: P101 and P102 or P151 and P152 (P152 can be taken concurrently with P199). Intended for psychology majors only. Where do you want to be 10 years from now? How can you get there? Information for undergraduate majors to help them intelligently organize their undergraduate studies. Information about what psychologists do, professional and practical issues in career choice, course selection, intern/research experience, and planning a course of study.
P201 An Introduction to Neuroscience (3 cr.) N & M P: P101 or P151, or P106. Introduction to recent findings in behavioral neuroscience as they relate to human behavior. Topics may include neural bases of learning and memory, sex differences in the brain, cerebral hemispheric differences, and behavioral consequences of brain damage and neurosurgery. Does not fulfill area requirements for psychology major.
P204 Psychological and Biological Bases of Human Sexuality (3 cr.) N & M P: P101, P106, or P151. Introduction to recent findings in the study of human sexual behavior, with emphasis on the interaction between psychological, social, and biological factors. Topics include sexual differentiation and development, the physiology of sexual response, sexual orientation, and patterns of sexual behavior. Does not fulfill area requirements for psychology major.
P211 Methods of Experimental Psychology (2-3 cr.) P: P101 or P151, or P106. Design and execution of simple experiments, treatment of results, search of the literature, and preparation of experimental reports. I Sem., II Sem., SS.
K300 (MATH K300) Statistical Techniques (3 cr.) P: MATH M118 or M119. Introduction to statistics; nature of statistical data; ordering and manipulation of data; measures of central tendency and dispersion; elementary probability. Concepts of statistical inference and decision: estimation and hypothesis testing. Special topics include regression and correlation, analysis of variance, non-parametric methods. Credit given for only one of the following: K300, K310; CJUS K300; ECON E370 or S370; SOC S371; or SPEA K300. I Sem., II Sem., SS.
P303 Health Psychology (3 cr.) N & M P: P101 and P102 or P151 and P152. Focuses on the role of psychological factors in health and illness. Through readings, lecture, and discussion, students will become better consumers of research on behavior-health interactions and develop a broad base of knowledge concerning how behaviors and other psychological factors can impact health both positively and negatively.
K310 (MATH K310) Statistical Techniques (3 cr.) P: MATH M119 or equivalent. Introduction to probability and statistics; elementary probability theory, conditional probability, independence, random variables, discrete and continuous probability distributions, measures of central tendency and dispersion. Covers concepts of statistical inference and decision; estimation and hypothesis testing; Bayesian inference; and statistical decision theory. Special topics include regression and correlation, time series, analysis of variance, non-parametric methods. Credit given for only one of the following: K300, K310; CJUS K300; ECON E370 or S370; SOC S371; or SPEA K300. I Sem., II Sem.
P315 Developmental Psychology (3 cr.) S & H P: P101 and P102, or P151 and P152, or P106. An introduction to how and why behavior changes over time. The theories and methods used to study behavioral change in both human and non-human models. Topics include development in perception, movement, language, cognition, and social/emotional behavior. I Sem., II Sem., SS.
P316 Psychology of Childhood and Adolescence (3 cr.) S & H P: P101 and P102, or P151 and P152, or P106. Development of behavior in infancy, childhood, and youth; factors that influence behavior. I Sem., II Sem., SS.
P319 Psychology of Personality (3 cr.) S & H P: P101 and P102, or P151 and P152, or P106. Methods and results of scientific study of personality. Basic concepts of personality traits and their measurements, developmental influences, and problems of integration. I Sem., II Sem., SS.
P320 Social Psychology (3 cr.) S & H P: P101 and P102, or P151 and P152, or P106. Principles of scientific psychology applied to the individual in social situations. I Sem., II Sem., SS.
P323 Industrial/Organizational Psychology (3 cr.) S & H P: P101 and P102 or P151 and P152, or P106. The application of psychological data and theory to the behavior of individuals within organizational settings. Special emphasis on critical assessment of applied techniques.
P324 Abnormal Psychology (3 cr.) S & H P: P101 and P102, or P151 and P152, or P106. A first course in abnormal psychology with emphasis on forms of abnormal behavior, etiology, development, interpretation, and final manifestations. I Sem., II Sem., SS.
P325 Psychology of Learning (3 cr.) N & M P: P101 and P102, or P151 and P152, or P106. Facts and principles of animal and human learning, especially as treated in theories attempting to provide frameworks for understanding what learning is and how it takes place. I Sem., II Sem., SS.
P326 Behavioral Neuroscience (3 cr.) P: P101, or P151, or P106 and one of the following: BIOL L100, L111, L112, A215, P215, or equivalent. An examination of the cellular bases of behavior, emphasizing contemporary views and approaches to the study of the nervous system. Neural structure, function, and organization are considered in relation to sensory and motor function, motivation, learning, and other basic behaviors.
P327 Psychology of Motivation (3 cr.) N & M P: P101 and P102, or P151 and P152, or P106. R: P211. How needs, desires, and incentives influence behavior; research on motivational processes in human and animal behavior, including ways in which motives change and develop. I Sem., II Sem.
P329 Sensation and Perception (3 cr.) N & M P: P101, or P151, or P106. R: MATH M026 or M119 or introductory physics. Basic data, theories, psychophysics, illusions, and other topics fundamental to understanding sensory and perceptual processes. I Sem., II Sem.
P330 Perception/Action (3 cr.) N & M P: P101, P151, or P106. Robotistics know that actions like catching a flyball are exceedingly complex, yet people perform them effortlessly. How perceptual information is generated by and used in guiding such actions is covered, as are issues of motor coordination and control. Classes include laboratories on analysis of optic flow and limb movements.
P335 Cognitive Psychology (3 cr.) N & M P: P101 and P102, or P151 and P152, or P106. Introduction to human cognitive processes, including attention and perception, memory, psycholinguistics, problem solving, and thinking. I Sem., II Sem., SS.
P336 Psychological Tests and Individual Differences (3 cr.) N & M P: P101 and P102, or P151 and P152, or P106; and K300 or K310. Principles of psychological testing. Representative tests and their uses for evaluation and prediction. Emphasis on concepts of reliability, validity, standardization, norms, and item analysis.
P340 Human Memory (3 cr.) N & M P: P101 and P102 or P151 and P152, or P106; and K300. R: P335. Research, theory and data on human memory and information-processing models of memory.
P346 Neuroscience (3 cr.) P: P101, P106, or P151 or equivalent. A survey of contemporary neuroscience, examining the neural basis of behavior with approaches including molecular, cellular, developmental, cognitive, and behavioral neuroscience. Sensory and motor function, learning and memory, and other behaviors are considered using anatomical, physiological, behavioral, biochemical, and genetic approaches, providing a balanced view of neuroscience.
P349 Cognitive Neuroscience (3 cr.) P: P326. An overview of the field of cognitive neuroscience. The neural basis of cognition is studied by considering the impact of neuropsychological case studies, neuroimaging (ERP and fMRI), and behavioral investigations on our understanding of sensory-motor systems, learning, memory, emotion, and spatial behavior.
P350 Human Factors/Ergonomics (3 cr.) N & M P: P101 or P151 or P106. Theories and data of experimental psychology applied to the problems of the interaction of people and technology.
P375 Intimate Relationships (3 cr.) P: P102 or P152. Focuses on the social psychology of relationships including marriage, divorce, human sexuality, jealousy, communication, and friendships.
P402 Honors Seminar (3 cr.) P: Approval of departmental honors committee or consent of instructor. Students may enroll in one of several seminars led by various instructors. May be used to fulfill 3 credit hours of psychology major Area A or Area B requirements for the B.A. degree with area determined by instructor. May be repeated twice with different topics for a maximum of 6 credits.
P404 Computer and Statistical Models in Psychology (3 cr.) This laboratory course provides an introduction to elementary mathematical, statistical, and computer models in psychology. Students learn to use computer spread-sheet packages to program formal models and to apply the models to analyze data obtained in psychological experiments.
P405 Elementary Mathematical Psychology (3 cr.) N & M P: P101 or P151, or P106; MATH M118 and M119. R: MATH M360. Survey of mathematically oriented psychological theories and their applications to learning, perception, psychophysics, decision making, small groups, etc.
P407 Drugs and the Nervous System (3 cr.) P: P326. Introduction to the major psychoactive drugs and how they act upon the brain to influence behavior. Discussion of the role of drugs as therapeutic agents for various clinical disorders and as probes to provide insight into brain function.
P409 Neural Bases of Sensory Function (3 cr.) P: P326. Detailed description of the neural systems responsible for vision, touch, hearing, taste, smell, and balance. Similarities and differences in the strategies employed by these systems will be stressed.
P410 Development of the Brain and Behavior (3 cr.) P: P326. Examination of the interaction of the developing brain with the behavior it mediates. Cellular systems and organismal levels of analysis will all be considered in the organization of structure function relationships in the neural basis of behavior.
P411 Neural Bases of Learning and Memory (3 cr.) P: P326. Comprehensive survey of theories and data concerned with neural correlates of associative and non-associative forms of learning and memory. Vertebrate and invertebrate model systems and preparations as well as data obtained from the human neuropsychology literature will be studied.
P413 Operant and Pavlovian Conditioning (3 cr.) P: P325 or consent of instructor. Advanced treatment of the history, basic concepts, theory, and experimental literature of contemporary learning. The focus is on the behavior of nonhuman species.
P416 Evolution and Ecology of Learning (3 cr.) P: P325, P417, or consent of instructor. Advanced treatment of history, basic concepts, theories and experimental literature examining the relation of learning and evolution. Compares ethological, comparative, and general process approaches.
P417 Animal Behavior (3 cr.) N & M P: P101, P151, or P106. R: introductory biology and P325, P326, or P327. Methods, findings, and interpretations of recent investigations of animal behavior.
P421 Laboratory in Social Psychology (3 cr) P: P151 (4 cr.) and P152 (4 cr.), or P151 (3 cr.) and P152 (3 cr.) and P211, or P101 and P102 and P211, or P106 and P211; K300 or K310, and P320. Research methodology in the study of social behavior. I Sem., II Sem., SS.
P423 Human Neuropsychology (3 cr.) P: P326 or equivalent. A critical examination of neurological functioning with respect to human and other animal behavior. Assesses the behavioral functions of neural structures and systems through understanding the behavioral consequences of brain damage and through basic experimental study.
P424 Laboratory in Sensation and Perception (3 cr.) P: P151 (4 cr.) and P152 (4 cr.), or P151 (3 cr.) and P152 (3 cr.) and P211, or P101 and P102 and P211, or P106 and P211; K300 or K310, and P329. The experimental investigation of current and classical problems in sensory psychology and perception.
P425 Behavior Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence (3 cr.) P: P101 and P102, or P151 and P152, or P106, and P324. A survey of major behavior disorders, with emphasis on empirical research and clinical description relative to etiology, assessment, prognosis, and treatment.
P426 Laboratory in Behavioral Neuroscience (3 cr.) P: P151 (4 cr.) and P152 (4 cr.), or P151 (3 cr.) and P152 (3 cr.) and P211, or P101 and P102 and P211, or P106 and P211; K300 or K310, and P326. Experiments with and demonstrations of contemporary approaches in behavioral neuroscience. I Sem., II Sem.
P429 Laboratory in Developmental Psychology (3 cr.) P: P151 (4 cr.) and P152 (4 cr.), or P151 (3 cr.) and P152 (3 cr.) and P211, or P101 and P102 and P211, or P106 and P211; K300 or K310, and either P315 or P316. Research methods in developmental psychology and their application to selected problems in the development of humans and of nonhuman species.
P430 Behavior Modification (3 cr.) P: P324 and P325 or consent of instructor. Principles, techniques, and applications of behavior modification, including reinforcement, aversive conditioning, observational learning, desensitization, self-control, and modification of cognitions.
P433 Laboratory in Neuroimaging Methods (3 cr.) P: P153 and P154, or P211, or P106; P326; K300 or acceptable substitute. Laboratory experience in all facets of a neuroimaging experiment, including experimental design, data acquisition, data analysis, data interpretation, and data presentation. Introductory magnetic resonance (MR) physics and the physiology of blood oxygen-level dependent (BOLD) changes are included.
P434 Community Psychology (3 cr.) P: P101 and P102, or P151 and P152, or P106; junior or senior standing. R: P324. An ecological orientation to the problems of mental health, social adaptation, and community change.
P435 Laboratory in Human Learning and Cognition (3 cr.) P: P151 (4 cr.) and P152 (4 cr.), or P151 (3 cr.) and P152 (3 cr.) and P211, or P101 and P102 and P211, or P106 and P211; K300 or K310, and P325 or P335. Experimental study of human learning and cognitive processes. I Sem., II Sem.
P436 Laboratory in Animal Learning and Motivation (3 cr.) P: P151 (4 cr.) and P152 (4 cr.), or P151 (3 cr.) and P152 (3 cr.) and P211, or P101 and P102 and P211, or P106 and P211; K300 or K310, and P325 or P327. Experimental studies of animal learning and motivation.
P438 Language and Cognition (3 cr.) N & M P: P101 and P102 or P151 and P152, or P106. R: P335. Methods, research, and theory in psycholinguistics. Examination of speech perception, speech production, psychological studies of syntax and semantics, language development, cognitive basis of linguistic theory, neurology of language, and language comprehension and thought.
P440 Topics in Cognitive Psychology (3 cr.) P: P335. A critical examination of an area within cognitive psychology. Topics will vary by semester but could include attention, memory, categorization, imagery, language, thinking, problem solving, or decision making.
P442 Infant Development (3 cr.) P: P315 or P316. Surveys cognitive, socio-emotional, and perceptual motor development during the first two years of life. Emphasis is on theory and research addressing fundamental questions about the developmental process, especially the biological bases for developmental change.
P443 Cognitive Development (3 cr.) P: P315 or P316. Human cognitive development. Topics may include language, problem solving, conceptual growth, perception, and cultural influences.
P444 Developmental Psychobiology (3 cr.) P: P315 or P316. R: P326. Survey of phylogenetic and ontogenetic principles from a comparative perspective. Focuses on a broad biological approach to organic and social development.
P446 Group Processes (3 cr.) P: P320. Social psychological theory and research on the behavior of individuals in groups covering major topics such as group formation and cohesiveness, group performance and decision making, social influence processes in groups, and intragroup and intergroup conflict.
P447 Social Influence Processes (3 cr.) P: P320. An advanced review of the theoretical and empirical literature in experimental social psychology concerning social influence processes and effects. Topics to be covered include attitude formation and change, persuasion, conformity, compliance, and behavior change.
P448 Social Judgment and Person Perception (3 cr.) P: P320. Judgments, decisions, and perceptions of a social nature include self-knowledge, judgments of causality, biases and errors of social judgment such as stereotyping, and the relation of thinking and feeling. Principles will be considered in the context of applied areas such as law and psychotherapy.
P457 Topics in Psychology (1-3 cr.) P: Junior or senior standing. Studies in special topics not ordinarily covered in other departmental courses. Topics vary with instructor and semester. May be repeated once with a different topic for a maximum of 6 credits.
P459 History and Systems of Psychology (3 cr.) P: P101 and P102, or P151 and P152, or P106; and 6 additional credit hours in psychology. Historical background and critical evaluation of major theoretical systems of modern psychology: structuralism, associationism, behaviorism, Gestalt psychology, and psychoanalysis. Methodological problems of theory construction and system making. Emphasizes integration of recent trends.
P460 Women: A Psychological Perspective (3 cr.) S & H P: P101 and P102, or P151 and P152, or P106; and 3 additional credit hours in psychology. Basic data and theories about the development and maintenance of sex differences in behavior and personality.
P466 Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology (3 cr.) N & M P: P326. Introduction to the cellular and molecular processes that give the nervous system its unique character. Covers the cell biology of neurons and glia and mechanisms of synaptic plasticity. Examines the genetic and molecular approaches to the biological basis for higher brain functions such as learning and memory.
P493 Supervised Research (3 cr.) P: P151 (4 cr.) and P152 (4 cr.), or P151 (3 cr.) and P152 (3 cr.) and P211, or P101 and P102 and P211, or P106 and P211; K300 or K310. Active participation in research. An independent experiment of modest magnitude, participation in ongoing research in a single laboratory. Students who enroll in P493 will be expected to enroll in P494. May be repeated once for a maximum of 6 credit hours. I Sem., II Sem.
P494 Supervised Research II (2-3 cr.) P: P493. A continuation of P493. Course will include a journal report of the two semesters of work. May be repeated once for a maximum of 6 credit hours. I Sem., II Sem.
P495 Readings and Research in Psychology (1-3 cr.) P: Written consent of instructor, junior or senior standing. May be repeated twice for a maximum of 9 credit hours.
P499 Honors Thesis Research (12 cr. max.) P: Approval of departmental honors committee. May be substituted for advanced laboratory requirement or, given the permission of the departmental honors committee, for certain other requirements in the program for majors. I Sem., II Sem.