All persons with a bachelor’s degree in music from an accredited college, university, conservatory, or its demonstrated equivalent are eligible to apply for admission to the Graduate Division of the Jacobs School of Music, which administers master’s degrees, doctoral degrees, and diploma programs. Students with a non–degree-based conservatory education (resulting in advanced diplomas in performance, music history, and music theory) who can satisfy an undergraduate equivalent in music may be considered for entrance into the Master of Music program with the consent of the Jacobs School of Music Admissions and Recruitment Committee, the director of graduate studies, the dean of the Jacobs School of Music, and the dean of the University Graduate School.
Students with undergraduate degrees in areas other than music may be admitted to the Jacobs School of Music as nondegree students until an undergraduate equivalency in music is satisfied. If the student is fully prepared in the major area, the nondegree status will be at the graduate level. If there are undergraduate deficiencies in the major area, the student will be considered a nondegree undergraduate student. Deficiencies relative to such an equivalency may exist in the major field, in a performance area (for students majoring in areas other than performance), or in the undergraduate music core curriculum. Please consult the graduate office for the details of equivalency requirements.
The completed Application for Admission with Graduate Standing form should be received by the director of admissions in the Jacobs School of Music by the priority admission dates. For admission information and priority application dates see the admissions section of the Web site www.music.indiana.edu. International students should also apply to the Indiana University Office of Admissions. Applicants whose native language is not English must submit the results of the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). A minimum test score of 560 (paper-based), 223 (computer-based) or 84 (Internet-based) is necessary for regular admission to a master’s degree program. A minimum score of 600 (paper-based), 250 (computer-based) or 100 (Internet-based) is necessary for regular admission to a doctoral degree program. A minimum score of 510 (paper-based), 183 (computer-based) or 65 (Internet-based) is required of those applying to the diploma programs.
Indiana University Jacobs School of Music master’s students applying for admission to the D.M. do not need to repeat the entire formal admissions process. Information on specific requirements may be obtained from the Music Admissions Office or the Music Graduate Office.
A transcript of previous college and university work must accompany the application. M.A. and Ph.D. applicants should check with the Music Graduate Office for instructions about admittance to the University Graduate School.
Each applicant for admission to the Graduate Division of the Jacobs School of Music with an undergraduate academic record containing more than 10 percent of ‘‘pass,’’ ‘‘satisfactory,’’ or ‘‘credit’’ entries in lieu of letter grades must submit (1) a written evaluation or customary letter grade by the instructor in at least 90 percent of all courses, and (2) scores on the Graduate Record Examination (GRE). Both requirements must be met before an application for admission can be considered.
Entering students in music education (except M.S.), music theory, and musicology are required to take the Graduate Record Examination.
All students applying for graduate degrees or diplomas with a major in music performance or for visiting student status must audition for admission. Information on audition dates and procedures is available from the Jacobs School of Music admissions office. A high-quality recording may be used for preliminary acceptance; however, a personal audition is required for official acceptance. See individual degrees for specific requirements.
Students applying for graduate degrees in the fields of choral conducting, composition, early music, instrumental conducting, music education, music theory, musicology, voice, wind conducting, woodwinds, music and library science, and stage direction for opera must meet other admission requirements or prerequisites as specified in the description of the individual degrees.
Need-based aid is offered to qualified applicants and their families through the university Office of Student Financial Assistance. Applicants are encouraged, but not required, to apply for need-based assistance. To do so, applicants must complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) available at www.fafsa.ed.gov. Please note that international students are not eligible for financial aid.
Merit-based aid is offered to qualified applicants through the Office of Music Admissions and Financial Aid. Applicants are automatically considered for Jacobs School of Music financial aid at the time of admission. The Director of Music Admissions and Financial Aid, in conjunction with the Admissions and Recruitment Committee, makes the initial award based on institutional need and audition rating. An audition score in the top 10 percent on the audition/portfolio or on the area interview is ordinarily required for merit consideration. Exceptions may be made in cases of particular need, either on the part of the applicant or on the part of the school.
Merit-based associate instructor and graduate assistant positions are offered to students by the Office of Music Admissions and Financial Aid based on the recommendation of individual department chairs. Appointments are normally made for one year. Renewals are considered annually up to the financial aid time limit associated with individual degree or diploma programs.
Upon receipt of the completed application, Graduate Record Examination test scores (if required), transcript, and audition or interview results, the Jacobs School of Music Admissions and Recruitment Committee may grant regular admission, conditional admission, or admission on probation; or may reject the application. Certain departments have additional requirements for regular admission to their majors. See individual degrees for further information.
Candidates completing a bachelor’s degree in the Undergraduate Division of the Jacobs School of Music may apply for conditional admission to the Graduate Division of the Jacobs School of Music and may enroll for graduate credit for that portion of their program not required for completion of the bachelor’s degree, provided they meet the following requirements:
Any graduate courses taken by undergraduates prior to their admission to the Graduate Division are counted only toward an undergraduate degree.
A student who does not have an undergraduate and graduate grade point average of 3.0 or better may be admitted on probation in exceptional cases. Probationary students must be enrolled full time during their first semester and must achieve a minimum grade-point average of 3.0 for that semester. Students who are admitted on probation and who incur academic probation during their first semester of study are subject to dismissal. See ‘‘Academic Standing-Graduate.’’
Students who do not matriculate within one year of acceptance must repeat entrance auditions and other admission requirements.
A limited number of graduate-level students with interest in advanced work in music performance or academic study may be admitted as visiting students, subject to the following:
All new graduate degree students, including graduates of Indiana University, are required to take a number of examinations that serve as proficiency tests or prerequisites for entrance to certain graduate courses. These examinations include music history and literature, music theory, and keyboard proficiencies. Visiting students, as well as students in M.S. degrees (except M.S. in Music Education) and diploma programs, are not subject to these proficiency examinations. Students whose major field is not music performance also take a music performance proficiency examination.
The music theory and music history and literature proficiencies may be satisfied in the following ways:
The following High Pass degrees have different standards for passing the examinations and the proficiency courses: M.M. in composition, computer music composition, conducting (choral, instrumental, and wind), and music theory; D.M. in composition, conducting (choral, instrumental, and wind); and Ph.D. in music theory.
The sight-singing exam is graded on a pass/fail basis. A grade of C or higher (B or higher for High Pass degrees) is required in the written theory and aural theory examinations.
Students who do not achieve a passing grade (or High Pass, where required) in their two permitted attempts, or who do not take the examinations, must complete the appropriate proficiency course(s): T508 Written Music Theory Review for Graduate Students (minimum grade C, or B for High Pass degrees), T509 Sight-Singing Review for Graduate Students (minimum grade C), and T511 Aural Music Theory Review for Graduate Students (minimum grade D, or B for High Pass degrees, C for musicology majors—M.A. and Ph.D. degrees).
Music History and Literature
All music graduate students must pass a keyboard proficiency examination, including those whose principal or proficiency instrument is piano. M.S. candidates (except M.S. in Music Education) do not need to take the exam. Most students will take the examination on piano. Early music majors may take the examination on the harpsichord or lute, guitar majors on the guitar, organ majors on the organ, and harp majors on the harp.
Musicology, music theory, and jazz studies students take a departmentally administered exam.
The keyboard proficiency requirement is designed to ensure the student’s ability to use the keyboard as a tool within the framework of professional activities, and the requirements vary according to level and area of music study. Entering students must play a keyboard placement hearing during the orientation period. Students who achieve a superior level at this hearing will satisfy the proficiency requirement. Keyboard proficiency examinations are normally offered in the latter part of each semester or in summer session II. For details, see the secondary piano coordinator or the departmental chairpersons (for early music, guitar, organ, musicology, harp, and jazz studies). Information is also available at www.music.indiana.edu/som/sec_piano.
When keyboard proficiency requirements are identical for two degrees, a student seeking both degrees need not repeat the keyboard proficiency examination if it has been passed for one of the degrees. Students who fail the keyboard proficiency examination may register, with the advice of the secondary piano coordinator or the chairperson, for appropriate courses to assist in developing the required skills.
Students who are candidates for music graduate degrees for areas other than performance and whose performance proficiency instrument (see “Music Performance Proficiency”) is piano must also complete the keyboard proficiency requirement.
All candidates for music graduate degrees in areas other than music performance (composition, conducting, music education, musicology, and music theory) are required to demonstrate in person to a faculty auditioning committee a minimum level of music performance ability equivalent to the end of the fourth year for concentration undergraduate students in that area. Students should consult the appropriate performance department chair for detailed information on the required level.
Proficiency may be demonstrated in any of three ways: (1) in person before a faculty auditioning committee, one voting member of which shall be a faculty member in the student’s major area; (2) by completion of performance study as a graduate outside area or minor; or (3) by two semesters of performance study as a graduate elective. The grade in each semester of performance study must be B or higher.
The performance area must ordinarily be one in which instruction is offered at the 400 level in the Jacobs School of Music. With the support of the departmental chair of their major area, students may petition the director of graduate studies to be allowed to demonstrate this proficiency in another performance area. If the petition is approved, the director of graduate studies will appoint an examination committee of three members of the Jacobs School of Music faculty qualified to judge the student’s performance, including at least one member of a performance department and one member of the student’s major area.
In all cases, failure to meet the required level will automatically indicate probationary status and will require additional music performance study or other remediation in each period of enrollment as a prerequisite to the desired degree.
The Jacobs School of Music offers the Master of Music degree with majors in music performance, conducting (choral, instrumental, and wind), early music, jazz studies, organ and church music, composition, computer music composition, and music theory; the Master of Music Education degree; the Master of Science degree with a major in stage direction for opera and the Master of Science in Music Education. Through the University Graduate School, students may seek the Master of Arts degree with a major in musicology. Master of Music students may elect a second major from those available on the Master of Music degree. Combined degrees are available in the Master of Library Science with the Master of Arts in Musicology or the Master of Music in Music Theory.
Structure of Master’s Curricula
Courses within the Jacobs School of Music used to satisfy outside area requirements must be taught by regularly appointed faculty members. Courses taught by associate instructors will not count. The student must meet the qualifications of the parallel minor, and only courses that would fulfill the requirements for a minor are acceptable. The outside area may become a minor if at least 12 credit hours are taken in that field.
Credit Hour Requirements
The minimum requirement for a master’s degree is 30 credit hours, excluding required credit hours in prerequisite or review courses and major ensemble. Individual degrees may require more credit hours. Courses counted for credit toward the master’s degree are numbered 500 or above. Upon approval of the director of graduate studies and the department that offers equivalent courses in the Jacobs School of Music, master’s students may transfer course work taken for graduate credit at other institutions. M.M., M.M.E., and M.S. students may transfer up to 6 credit hours; M.A. students may transfer up to 8 credit hours. No course may be transferred unless the grade is B or higher. Applied
The minimum residence requirement for a master’s degree is two semesters (fall, spring, or summer). Because of course availability, it may not be possible to earn a degree only in the summer.
Music History and Literature Requirement
Time Limit for Degree Completion
Students admitted to a master’s degree program must complete all degree requirements within seven years after beginning graduate study. Students who do not complete their work within the prescribed time limits must be readmitted to the major field (through interview, submission of documents, or audition, as appropriate to the major) and meet current degree requirements and make any other curricular changes indicated by the departmental chairperson and the director of graduate studies.
Petitions for extensions must be sent to the director of graduate studies, who considers them on a case-by-case basis, giving preference to continued professional involvement in music. If granted, extensions last no more than one year. In addition, any course taken more than seven years earlier must be revalidated according to the procedures of the department offering the course.
These time limits are suspended for students in active military service for the duration of that active service.
The Graduate Division of the Jacobs School of Music offers course work leading to the degree of Doctor of Music in the areas of music literature and performance, music literature and pedagogy (brass instruments only), composition, and conducting. Available major fields within these areas are listed under departmental headings in the ‘‘Curricula for Graduate Degrees in Music’’ section. The Jacobs School of Music also offers the Doctor of Music Education degree and, through the University Graduate School, the Doctor of Philosophy degree in the areas of musicology, music education, and music theory.
The Doctor of Music degree represents outstanding accomplishment in music performance and academic studies. The holder of this degree should demonstrate a high level of performance competency in his or her instrumental area or in voice, a broad knowledge of the pertinent instrumental or vocal repertoire, the ability to undertake independent research, and the ability to communicate his or her understanding effectively in written and oral forms.
The Doctor of Music Education degree calls for a scholarly study of music teaching. In addition to providing for an understanding of the principles underlying successful teaching and the techniques necessary for systematic inquiry into those processes, the degree requires an emphasis in an area of music education: band conducting and literature, choral methodology, college music teaching, or supervision and administration. The area of emphasis must be different from that of the master’s degree.
A Doctor of Philosophy degree represents breadth of experience and training in the arts and sciences and is recommended for those planning to enter a field involving research or scholarly writing as well as college teaching in musicology, music theory, or music education. The dissertation required for the Ph.D. degree must be original research of a quality and a significance warranting publication.
Admission to Curriculum
Credit and Residence
The doctoral degree may be conferred upon completion of at least 90 credit hours of advanced study (including the master’s degree). At least 30 credit hours beyond the master’s degree must be completed at Indiana University, with at least two consecutive semesters in residence. Up to 30 credit hours may be transferred from accredited institutions. Each course to be transferred must be equivalent to a course offered at Indiana University. Transfer for the D.M. and D.M.E. degrees is approved by the director of graduate studies and the department in which the equivalent course is offered. Departmental practices vary: an interview or examination may be required. Performance lessons, chamber music coaching, ensemble, and review courses may not be transferred.
Minors and Guided Electives
The research committee for D.M. and D.M.E. candidates is appointed by the director of graduate studies based on a list submitted by the student. The committee consists of three members from the major field, one of whom acts as chairperson, and one member from a minor or other outside field. The research director is normally either the chairperson or the outside member, depending on the nature of the topic and the expertise required. The research committee approves the topic proposal, approves the dissertation or final project for defense or public presentation, conducts the defense or public presentation, and approves and grades the dissertation or final project.
The research committee for Ph.D. dissertations is appointed by the dean of the University Graduate School. See the University Graduate School Bulletin for further information on the appointment and constitution of the committee.
Structure of Doctoral Curricula
Information regarding the structure of the Doctor of Philosophy and Doctor of Music Education degrees is available under the relevant departmental sections of this bulletin. All Doctor of Music degrees, however, share a commonality, as discussed following. Specific requirements relating to each category may be found under departmental listings. Further details of general requirements for the degree may be found in the ‘‘Regulations and Procedures’’ section of this bulletin.
The following is a partial list of minors available within the Jacobs School of Music. For others, consult the director of graduate studies.
Minor in Choral Conducting
Ph.D. Minors for Students Outside the School of Music
Minors in music for doctoral students outside the Jacobs School of Music may be taken within one of the established departments of the Jacobs School of Music or as an individualized minor taken in more than one area. No general entrance examinations are required, but the director of graduate studies may require entering proficiency examinations. Acceptance as a minor, prerequisites, and minimum requirements are established by the director of graduate studies. No transfer credits will be accepted toward a music minor.Language Proficiencies or Tool Subjects
Registration after Admission to Candidacy
Dissertation and Final Project
Candidates for doctoral degrees who expect to do research in specialized fields or who must have specialized techniques beyond those normally required of master’s degree students must possess or acquire such techniques in addition to the regular course requirements. Specific recommendations are made for each candidate on the basis of the degree choice and results of the entering proficiency examinations; the candidate has an opportunity to pass examinations in the specified areas or to take prescribed courses. The level of language proficiency required for Ph.D. candidates is determined by the individual departments and the director of graduate studies.
Candidates for the D.M. degree have language or tool subject requirements according to the nature of their degree plans.
Applicants for a doctoral degree are not considered candidates for the degree until they have passed the qualifying examinations and have been recommended by their advisory committee to the dean of the University Graduate School or the dean of the Jacobs School of Music.
Research topic proposals must be approved by the student’s research committee and (where necessary) by the Bloomington Campus Committee for the Protection of Human Subjects. Information on procedures for securing approval of research topics may be obtained from the Music Graduate Office. When preliminary requirements have been met, students may schedule qualifying examinations in the Music Graduate Office. Upon application, written qualifying examinations may be written during the second summer session.
After admission to candidacy, candidates must enroll each semester for course work, dissertation or final project credit, or G901 Advanced Research. Failure to meet this requirement automatically terminates candidacy. Students whose candidacy lapses are required to reapply for admission to candidacy and are expected to meet current requirements for the degree. Candidates who will graduate in August must enroll in the preceding summer session.
Instructions for the development of a topic proposal may be obtained from the Music Graduate Office. The same office manages the scheduling of the dissertation or final project defense. Students desiring to undertake the defense during a summer session must apply to the director of graduate studies before May 1.
A Ph.D. student must be a candidate for the degree in order to defend a dissertation. The defense of the dissertation is oral and is normally based upon the dissertation, although it may also touch on the major field literature or any field of general music interest that the committee deems pertinent.
D.M. students must complete all course work (including those courses transferred from other schools, but not including those on the master’s degree) and begin qualifying examinations within a period of seven calendar years from the date of matriculation in the doctoral program.
Ph.D. and D.M.E. students have 10 calendar years, including the master’s degree.
Students who do not complete their course work within the prescribed time limit must be readmitted to the major field (through interview, submission of documents, or audition, as appropriate to the major), meet current requirements, and make any other curricular changes required by the director of graduate studies and the major field department. If a student is readmitted to the major, the term of readmission is three years. If the student has not completed course work by that time, he or she must once again meet the terms for readmission described previously.
In addition, any doctoral course taken more than 10 calendar years earlier must be revalidated according to the procedures of the department offering the course. D.M. and D.M.E. students must receive permission to revalidate courses from the director of graduate studies. Ph.D. students must receive permission to revalidate courses from the director of graduate studies and from the dean of the University Graduate School.
Proficiencies (music history, music theory, keyboard, performance, language reading, language grammar, language diction, musical styles) more than 10 years old must be revalidated. Proficiencies must also be revalidated for students beginning a second degree more than 10 years after beginning a first.
Ph.D. students follow the reinstatement procedure outlined in the bulletin of the University Graduate School.
Interruption of Study
These time limits are suspended for students in active military service for the duration of that active service.
The Performer Diploma and Artist Diploma programs are intended for the outstanding performer and are designed to concentrate study in appropriate repertoire. The diploma programs are administered by the director of graduate studies. Performer Diploma students may seek entrance to the Artist Diploma program.
Instrumental students whose first language is English must demonstrate knowledge of the grammar of one non-English language equivalent to two semesters at the college level with a grade of C or higher in each.
A candidate must hold a U. S. high school diploma or the equivalent. Students with conservatory backgrounds are considered to be doing graduate-level work in the Performer Diploma program, although they might be designated by the university as undergraduates.
Students recommended by departmental audition must be heard in a School-wide audition by the Artist Diploma Committee of the Jacobs School of Music for final approval. For students new to the Jacobs School of Music, this audition must take place in the first semester of enrollment. For current Jacobs School of Music students, this audition must take place in the semester before the one in which the student wishes to begin the program.
Admission to this program does not require a high school or General Educational Development (GED) diploma, but one of these must be earned before the Artist Diploma can be granted.
The Jacobs School of Music is not currently admitting students to this program.
Requests for deviation from department, program, or school requirements may be granted only by written approval from the respective chairperson, director, or dean (or their respective administrative representative). Disposition at each level is final. Double majors at the master’s level may be considered if all requirements within each major field are met.