Basic Spanish Pronouns

Indirect Object Pronouns

Direct Object Pronouns

First of all you must remember that a direct object in a sentence is the person, event or thing affected by the verb. The main difference between the use of the direct object pronouns in Spanish and English is their placement. While in English they substitute the direct object (and its article) and are placed where the original object was, in Spanish this pronoun is placed in front of the verb, replacing also any article used with the object previously.



Me (me) Nos (us)
Te (you) Os (you [all])

*Lo/la (him/her/it)

*Los/las (them: masculine/feminine/neuter)


 *The pronouns 'le' or 'les' are sometimes used as direct object pronouns. Its use carry some subtle differences in meaning.

 Some examples:




Direct object expressed (Tú) llevas el libro You take/carry the book
 Direct object pronoun  (Tú) lo llevas You take/carry it
 Direct object expressed  Ella rompe la silla She breaks the chair
 Direct object pronoun  Ella la rompe She breaks it
 Direct object expressed  Ustedes secuestran los perros You [all] kidnap the dogs
 Direct object pronoun  Ustedes los secuestran  You [all] kidnap them
 Direct object expressed  El interrumpe la fiesta He interrupts the party
 Direct object pronoun  El la interrumpe He interrupts it

Indirect Object Pronouns