This course will survey the origins and historical development of the Naqshband* Sufi order in Central Asia. The Naqshband* order is one of the most familiar Muslim religious movements `exported' from Central Asia to other parts of the Islamic world (especially the Indian subcontinent and the Ottoman Middle East), but its history in the region where it originated is less widely known; from its origins as an apparent `reformist' movement in the context of Mongol-ruled Central Asia to its reemergence in post-Soviet times, however, the Naqshband*yah has played important roles in Central Asian religious, political, economic, and cultural history. Introductory lectures will situate the Naqshband*ya's origins in the context of Sufism's history in Central Asia, and in the context of Mongol rule and the challenges, and opportunities, it presented to Muslim society; the roles of early figures such as Bah** ad‑D*n Naqshband, Khoja Mu²ammad P*rs*, and Khoja A²r*r will then be considered in depth, as will the Naqshband*ya's profile in terms of Sufi doctrine and practice, and the competitive environments in which the Naqshband*ya came to dominate other Sufi communities in Central Asia. The subsequent history of the Naqshband* communities centered in various regions of Central Asia, including the "Khoja" dynasties of East Turkistan, will then be traced; special attention will be devoted to the Mujaddid* impact on the Central Asian Naqshband*ya in the 18th century, and the fate of the Naqshband*ya in the 19th and 20th centuries will be the focus of concluding lectures.
Readings: Required readings will be made available in a collection available for purchase, and on reserve at the Main Library; a supplementary bibliography will be supplied.
Requirements: Undergraduates will take a midterm and a final exam, and will write a brief report based on outside readings to be approved by the instructor. Graduate students will take both exams and submit a research paper or other suitable project to be approved by the instructor.