Daur or Dagur is a Mongolic language spoken in China (around Hailar, Butkha and Qiqihar and in the Northeast as well as in the Ili Valley in EasternTurkestan). Its speakers live together with Solon Evenki, often in bilingual families. Preserving some particular elements of Middle Mongolian and similar elements of Ancient Mongolian, it developed peculiar features, partly under Tungusic, Manchu and Evenki influence. During the Manchu Empire it was written in Manchu script, there were several earlier attempts to write it in Cyrillic and in Latin alphabet (cf. Merse’s Sinkdz Moxgol Bitdγ of 1931, Qing Tongpu’s Cyrillic orthography in the first years of the Republic of China). In 1957 a handful of Daur booklets written in a new, experimental Cyrillic orthography were printed in Hohhot, the capital of China’s Inner Mongolia. The texts in these booklets including a primer, a reader, a sketch of the grammar, a collection of Daur folk tales, an international collection of tales translated from Chinese, etc. provide a valuable source for the knowledge of Daur.
The course offers reading, grammatical analysis of such texts reprinted in G. Kara’s Daurica in Cyrillic Script (Budapest, 1995) with the aid of other accessible sources, such as N. Poppe’s Dagurskoe narechie (Leningrad 1931), Enhebatu’s Daur Niakan bulku biteg (Hohhot, 1983), his Daγur kelen-ü üges / Dawo’r yu cihui (Kökeqota, 1984). S. Martin’s Dagur Mongolian Grammar (Bloomington 1961), etc.