Indiana University Bloomington
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U520  Education, Culture, and Society in Modern Hungary
Janos Mazsu

This course, as a first step, offers a general overview of the history of Hungarian Kingdom in the period of the „long 19th century” - from the Reform Age until the outbreak of World War I. At the beginning of the period entire society in Hungary and especially those of having feudal privileges faced an overall crises while in most parts of Western Europe the first waves of the industrial revolution were „ taking off”. The crises of the feudal system, reformer concepts and political programs to go toward and integrate into the developing Western region of Europe, ideas to shape bourgeois nation, to develop national and individual self-government(s), the Hungarian Revolution and War for Independence the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, the system of the Dual Monarchy, industrial modernization, question of minorities and a new type of crises in the years prior to World War I are decisive factors of the long 19th century in Hungary. On the basic knowledge of decisive factors, as a second step, the course examines into social stratification, functions of educational system, process of social mobility and shaping new class structure with special emphasis on those groups denoted "honoratiors," "gentle and educated middle class," or "intelligentsia."

Several outstanding Hungarian movies help the understanding of the spirit of the period.

 Exams:  Midterm test and final examinations.

 Days and Time: Tuesday and Thursday, 2:30-3:45.