Do Hybrid Delivery Vehicles Make Sense?
Because the urban delivery vehicle is often a high-mileage vehicle operated in congested metropolitan areas, hybrid technology is potentially well suited to this application. This research examines the benefits and costs of propulsion systems for urban delivery vehicles in the United States and Europe. The analysis will reflect at least two perspectives, a consumer perspective and a societal perspective that ignores transfer payments (i.e., tax effects) but includes externalities such as energy security, carbon dioxide emissions and conventional tailpipe pollutants.
Principal Investigator John D. Graham. Co-investigator Kerry Krutilla.
Can Forests Mitigate Climate Change?
Using an extensive, 10-year dataset from the AmeriFlux research site in Morgan-Monroe State Forest, a model is being developed to estimate the annual carbon sequestration rates of private and public forested lands in Indiana. These estimates will be used to quantify the extent to which these forests can mitigate climate change by storing carbon dioxide and how forests may be used in a carbon trading program.
Principal Investigator J.C. Randolph, Co-investigators Craig Wayson and Danilo Dragoni.
How will Indiana Meet its Growing Demand for Energy?
In cooperation with the Richard G. Lugar Center for Renewable Energy this project is examines options for Indiana's growing energy demands and the impacts of pursuing various energy sources on the state's economy, infrastructure, agriculture sector and the environment. The project is developing interactive models to analyze possible energy futures in Indiana.
Principal Investigator Kenneth Richards, Co-investigators Andrew Hsu, J.C. Randolph, Barry Rubin, John Rupp.
Potential for Geological Carbon Sequestration
This project builds upon extensive on-going research funded by the US Department of Energy (DOE), and conducted by the Indiana Geological Survey (IGS) to investigate the carbon sequestration potential of selected geological strata in southern Indiana. The IGS is an active participant in two of the seven DOE regional partnerships (Midwestern Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership and the Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium) and has ongoing individual research and collaborative efforts on this topic. The specific research foci are concentrated on exploring the geological attributes of Illinois basin coals (cooperative efforts with Oak Ridge National Laboratory on coal sorption and structural modifications and School of Chemical Engineering, Purdue University on underground coal gasification), petrological evaluation of candidate reservoirs and seals (cooperative efforts with National Energy Technical Laboratory on sandstone reactivity and Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Purdue University on pore systems and diagenesis) and the CO2 sorption in shales (Departments of Physics and Geological Sciences, Indiana University).
IU Principal Investigator John Rupp. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org .
Other Initiatives, Developments, and Proposals Related to Research in Energy and the Environment
In addition to the projects described above, other initiatives were begun and several proposals were submitted. Some areas of research that were anticipated to provide additional funding opportunities failed to do so, while others were successful, and others are still under consideration for possible funding. These proposals representa a broad array of topics, individuals, and organizations. Activities that had some participation from one or more CREE staff are listed.
In-situ Coal Gasification in Indiana
A study was begun to investigate the possibility of gasifying Indiana's coal resources in-situ in the deep subsurface to generate syngas. Considerations of the potential impact on groundwaer and land subsidence are being incorporated with an investigation of the energy content of the coal, the physical and chemical properties of the coal, overlying strata, and derived gas. Interactions with the State are taking place with the environmental community (Clean Air Task Force), the regulatory community (Department of Natural Resources), and research community (Center for Coal Technology Research, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory).
IU Principal Investigators: Maria Mastalerz, John Rupp, et al.
Comparison of Regulatory Offset Systems
This project is investigating the design of the increasing range of regulatory offset systems as applied to greenhouse gases, energy efficiency and renewable energy, water pollution, air quality, habitat, and development. By systematically comparing the design of offset systems in practice, investigators will identify the factors that affect the potential success of offset systems tied to regulations at the local, national, and international levels.
Research Team: Kenneth Richards, Emily Giovanni, Kelly Weddell, Robert Hahn (Manchester University), Tengbo Li (Harvard University).