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Consonant Alternations

  • change of the sound /k/ :

/k/~/y/

Literary languageTashkent dialectEnglish
beshikbeshiycraddle
eshikeshiydoor

/k/~/h/

Literary languageTashkent dialectEnglish
maktabmahtabschool
doktordo’xtirdoctor

/k/~/v/

Literary languageTashkent dialectEnglish
mushukmushu:(v)cat
etiketu:(v)boots
tuzuktuzu:(v)well
  • change of the sound /b/:

This always occurs at the end of a word.

/b/~/p/

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
kitobkitopbook
javobjovopanswer
kabobkovopkebab
olib kelopkebring

This feature remains unchanged even when a suffix beginning with a consonant is added.

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
maktabdamahtaptaat school

/b/~/m/

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
bungamungato this
burnimunnihis/her nose

/b/~/v/

It occurs in the following positions:

  • If the first word ends in a vowel and the following word begins with b :
Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
keta berketivurGo ahead and leave./You can leave.
  • Also, this occurs when the helping verb yubor- is added to verbs ending in –ib:
yutib yubordiyutivordiHe/she swallowed sth.
  • In the middle and at the end of words:
Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
toshbaqatashvaqaturtle
qurbaqaqurvaqafrog
sabzisavzicarrot
belbog’belvo:sash
lablavlips
mehribonmehrivongraceful
xabardorxavardorinformed
oftobopto’vsun
mo’ylabmo’ylo’vmustache
  • change of the sound /d/:

/d/~/t/

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
mardmartbrave
maqsadmaxsataim
odamzododamzothuman being
omadomatluck
savodsovotliteracy
qandqantcube sugar
  • change of the sound /l/:

/l/~/n/

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
ko’nglimko’ynimmy heart
ko’ylakko’yneydress
  • change of the sound /r/:

/r/~/l/

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
zarurzarilnecessary
  • change of the sound /y/:

/y/~/g/

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
keyinkeginlater
  • change of the sound /ng/:

/ng/~/y/

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
singlimsiynimmy sister
boshingniboshiyniyour head
  • change of the sound /g/:

/g/~/k/

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
ishgaishkato work
o’rgatgano’rgatkanhave taught

/g/~/y/

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
tegipteyiptouching
tagidateyidaunder
  • change of the sound /t/:

/t/~/d/

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
tovushingdovushingyour voice

/t/~/ch/

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
tushchushdream
tishlachishlabite
tishchishtooth
  • change of the sound /h/:

/h/~/y/

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
juda hamjudayamvery much
  • change of the sound /s/:

/s/~/ch/

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
sochiqchochu:vtowel
sochchochhair
sichqonchichqonmouse
  • change of the sound /q/

/q/~/x/

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
to’qsonto’xsonninety
  • change of the sound /g’/:

/g`/~/x/

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
bog’chaboxchapreschool

/g`/~/y/

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
bog’laboylawrap
  • change of the sound /f/:

/f/~/p/

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
arafaarapaeve
farzandparzanchild
daftardaptarnotebook
Page last modified on August 17, 2011, at 11:11 AM
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