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Consonant Assimilation

This is widespread in the Tashkent dialect.

  • progressive assimilation:

The sound [n] undergoes complete assimilation when it occurs at the beginning of the suffixes –ni/ning

tn>tt

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
kalitnikalittithe key + accusative case suffix
otningottihorse + genitive case suffix

jn>jj

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
garajninggarajjigarage+genitive case suffix
bagajnibagajjibaggage+accusative case suffix

zn>zz

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
mijoznimijozziclient+accusative case suffix
bigiznibigizziawl+accusative case suffix

ln>ll

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
dazmolnidazmolliiron+accusative case suffix
cholningcholliold man+ genitive case suffix

mn>mm

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
hokimnihokimmigovernor+accusative case suffix
amakimniamakimmimy uncle+accusative case suffix

rn>rr

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
motornimotorrimotor+accusative case suffix
alebasternialbastrrialebaster+accusative case suffix

bn>pp

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
kabobnikovoppikabob+accusative case suffix
savobningsovoppigood deed +accusative case suffix

sn>ss

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
avtobusningavtobussibus+genitive case suffix
majlisnimaylissimeeting+accusative case suffix

chn>chch

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
yog’ochniyog’ochchiwood+accusative case suffix
guruchniguruchchirice+accusative case suffix

shn>shsh

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
oshnioshshipilaf+accusative case suffix
toshnitoshshirock+accusative case suffix

qn>qq

This occurs only in one syllable words:

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
oqnioqqiwhite+accusative case suffix
xalqnixalqqination+accusative case suffix

g’n>g’g’

This occurs only in one syllable words:

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
bog’nibog’g’igarden+accusative case suffix
tog’ningtog’g’imountain+genitive case suffix

vn>vv

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
suvnisuvviwater+accusative case suffix
arxivniarxivviarchive+ accusative case suffix

yn>yy

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
choyningchoyyitea + genitive case suffix
boyningboyyirich man + genitive case suffix
  • progressive partial assimilation:

tg>tk

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
ketganketkanhas left
o’tgano’tkanpassed

shd>sht

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
yoshdayoshtaat …age
toshdantoshtanfrom rock
  • regressive assimilation:

nm>mm

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
ko’rganmizko’rgammizawe have seen
eshitganmizeshitgammizawe have heard

nl>ll

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
xotinlarxotillaladies
butunlaybutulleycompletely

nv>vv

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
nonvoynovvoybread baker
nonvoyxonanovvoyxonabreadbaker’s place

hk>kk

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
mahkammakkamfirm

rl>ll

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
qimirlamaqimillamadon’t move
tayyorladimtayalladimI prepared

rn>nn

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
tarnovtanno’vgutter

bm>mm

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
turibmanturimmanI am standing.
  • regressive partial assimilation:

bq>pq

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
olib qo’ydiopqo’yditook away

bk>pk

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
olib kelingopkelinbring

rg>ll

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
birgabillatogether

qd>xt

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
chiqdichixticame out

bd>pt

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
olibdiopti(we heard that)he/she has gotten
kelibdikepti(we heard that)he/she came

fd>pt

Literary languageTashkent DialectTranslation
tarafdataraptaat … side
Page last modified on November 04, 2010, at 12:57 PM
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