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Superlative Adjectives

  • Morphological method

a) The first open syllable of the word is repeated before the word, using the first vowel of the next syllable.

Literary language:

Base formSuperlative formEnglish
dumaloqdum-dumaloqvery round
yapaloqyap-yapaloqvery flat
pakanapak-pakanavery short
yumaloqyum-yumaloqvery round

Tashkent dialect:

Base formSuperlative formEnglish
dumalo:dum-dumalo:very round
yapalo:yap-yapalo:very flat
pakanapak-pakanavery short
yumalo:yum-yumalo:very round

b) The first two sounds of the word followed by p, m, or s are placed in front the word.

Literary language:

Base formSuperlative formEnglish
qizilqip-qizilextremely red
qoraqop-qoraextremely black
sariqsap-sariqextremely yellow
kattakap-kattaquiet big, such a big
binoyibip-binoyivery fine

Tashkent dialect:

Base formSuperlative formEnglish
qizilqip-qizilextremely red
qoraqop-qoraextremely black
saru:(v)sap-saru:(v)extremely yellow
kottakop-kottasuch a big
binoyibip-binoyivery fine

c) The first two sounds of the word are used and made into a close syllable with p as the final consonant, to which the artificial syllable –pa is added.

Literary language:

Base formSuperlative formEnglish
to’g’rito’ppa-to’g’rivery straight
sog’soppa-sog’very healthy
osonoppa-osonvery easy
tuzuktuppa-tuzukvery fine

Tashkent dialect:

Base formSuperlative formEnglish
to’:rito’ppa-to’:rivery straight
so:(g’)soppa-so:very healthy
onsonoppa-onsonvery easy
tuzu:(v)tuppa-tuzu:(v)very fine

d) Exception:

Literary language:

Base formSuperlative formEnglish
oqoppoqextremely white

Tashkent dialect:

Base formSuperlative formEnglish
oq (before vowels), ox (before consonants)oppo:extremely white
  • Lexical method

a) Using intensifying words:

Literary language:

Intensifying wordEnglish
judavery
engmost
biramquite, such, very, so
hammadanof all
g’oyatextremely
g’oyatdaextremely
o’lgudekterribly, extremely
nihoyatextremely
to’qdark
ko’pa lot of
bunchaso much, this much
o’taketganextremely
g’irtcompletely, absolutely (negative)
jiqqaextremely (wet)

Tashkent dialect:

Intensifying wordEnglish
ja:very
engmost
biramquite, such, very, so
hammadanof all
o’lgudeyterribly, extremely
to’qdark
ko’pa lot
munchaso much, this much
o’taketkanextremely
g’irtcompletely, absolutely (has negative meaning)
jiqqaextremely (wet)

b) Using repetitive or paired words:

Repetitive or paired wordEnglish
kichkina-kichkinatiny-tiny
mayda-maydavery small, tiny-tiny
zo’r-zo’rvery great, such a great
ne-neso many, many-many

c) By means of word combination or idiomatic phrases:

Word combination or idiomatic phraseEnglish
haddan tashqariexcessive, extreme
ming martaa lot, very much
  • Phonetic method

a) Vowels within the word are lengthened:

UzbekEnglish
maaydatiny
ko’o’pa lot
balaandvery high

b) Certain consonants within the word are doubled:

UzbekEnglish
qatttiqvery hard
yummshoqvery soft
tekkisvery flat
Page last modified on October 07, 2010, at 04:17 PM
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