Environmental Justice (undergraduate)
Social Justice in Netherlands (Summer Program, undergraduate)
Deviant Images/Deviant Acts(undergraduate)
Sexuality and the Law (undergraduate)
Overseas Study in Cuemavaca, Mexico (undergraduate)
Qualitative Methods(graduate) Homelessness report, 2009 & Sheriff's report, 2012
Environmental Justice (graduate)
Feminist Studies and Ethnographic Practice (graduate)
Research Grant Proposal Writing (graduate)
Sex, Drugs, AIDs and Criminal Law (graduate)
Cross-Cultural Studies (graduate)
Introduction to Research Methods (graduate)
DEVIANT IMAGES/DEVIANT ACTS
This course examines the popular fascination with deviance using a cross-cultural perspective. We approach the subject through four forms of conveying knowledge: life history, social science, legal studies, and fiction. Reading in a variety of genres about a range of sociocultural and historical contexts, our attention is drawn to the diverse ways that people define nonconformity and justify social control. We begin with a book about a philosophy class that takes place in a Maryland Penitentiary in order to understand how those who are labeled deviant think about concepts central to the sociology of deviance--such as power, violence, identity. Then we read a graphic novel written and drawn by the son of a Holocaust survivor, which leads us away from questions about individual deviance and into the subject of how states and their governments can become deviant. We proceed with a book of legal parables that pose moral dilemmas related to deviance in an early 20th century colonial Asian context, using them as a departure point to consider dilemmas in our own place and time. Finally, we turn to an ethnography about the Emberá, an indigenous rainforest people in Panama, in order to understand how frameworks for interpreting deviance shape social action and our sense of ourselves as human beings.
The types of deviance considered include homicide (individual and mass), spouse and child abuse, illegal drug use, sorcery; each type will be related to the inequalities of race, class, gender, and sexuality which shape them. As we use our understanding to analyze contemporary debates in criminal justice, we focus particular attention on the gap between the symbolic power of images and the mundane realities of acts. Additional examples will be drawn from popular films, news media, and ethnography.
Kane, Stephanie. 2004 (2nd edition). The Phantom Gringo Boat: Shamanic Discourse and Development in Panama. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian.
Leder, Drew. 1999. The Soul Knows No Bars: Inmates Reflect on Life, Death, and Hope. New York: Rowman & Littlefield.
Norval Morris. 1992. The Brothel Boy and Other Parables of the Law. New York: Oxford University Press.
Spiegelman, Art. 1986. Maus: A Survivor's Tale. Volume I. New York: Pantheon.
Spiegelman, Art. 1986. Maus: A Survivor's Tale. Volume II. New York: Pantheon.
SEXUALITY AND THE LAW
This is an interdisciplinary course that draws upon approaches from anthropology, cultural criminology, feminist theory, queer theory, and legal studies to discuss topics in sexuality and the law. We examine sexuality and its regulation in a range of contexts--legal and illegal, local and global, physically interactive and technologically-mediated. The first book we read theoretically frames the subject. Then we read an ethnography of the phone sex industry that focuses on the shifting borders between desire and deceit. The third book we read is by a cultural criminologist who analyzes the child pornography phenomenon as a criminal internet subculture. Discussion of these topics will reveal how the personal and cultural values and experiences we associate with sexuality and the law are shaped by globalized political and economic forces and their attendant communication technologies. We will maintain a critical double focus on the substance of these topics--the ways of life that these topics invoke--as well as how such topics are re-situated in social science, legal, and mass-mediated discourses. Methodological dilemmas will arise in the context of our conversations. Creative development of independent research projects is an important component of the course. Films will create an international context for our discussions.
Dennis Altman. 2001. Global Sex. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Amy Flowers. 1998. The Fantasy Factory: An Insider's View of the Phone Sex Industry. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Philip Jenkins. 2001. Beyond Tolerance: Child Pornography on the Internet. New York: New York University Press.
FEMINIST STUDIES AND ETHNOGRAPHIC PRACTICE
What makes research ethnographic in 2002? What makes ethnography feminist? How do the details and surprises of everyday life mobilize our ethnographic senses? This course takes this triple question as its terrain of exploration. We will read five books which share qualities of the ethnographic, although only the first two are securely in the center of the genre. Lorraine Nencel and Anna Tsing challenge the conventions of classic ethnography in the field and on the page. Anne McClintock analyzes the dangerous liaisons of imperialism in diverse cultural forms. Patricia Williams writes autobiography as a form of social action and analysis. And Allison Young chooses the media as her field site, creating a discourse-centered approach to crime and gendered public imaginaries. Through reading, writing and discussion we will exercise the genre of feminist ethnography, pushing out its boundaries as we experiment with core theories and methods in our independent projects.
Lorraine Nencel. 2001. Ethnography and Prostitution in Peru. Sterling, VA: Pluto Press.
Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing. 1993. In the Realm of the Diamond Queen: Marginality in an Out-of-the-Way Place. Princeton: Princeton.
Anne McClintock. 1995. Imperial Leather: Race, Gender and Sexuality in the Colonial Contest. New York: Routledge.
Patricia Williams. 1991. The Alchemy of Race and Rights: Diary of a Law Professor. Cambridge: Harvard.
Alison Young. 1996. Imagining Crime. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Suggested Background Reading:
Ruth Behar and Deborah Gordon. Eds. 1995. Women Writing Culture. Berkeley: University of California.
Sally Cole and Lynne Phillips. Eds. 1995. Ethnographic Feminisms: Essays in Anthropology. Ottowa: Carleton.
Linda Nicholson. Ed. 1997. The Second Wave: A Reader in Feminist Theory. New York: Routledge.
RESEARCH GRANT PROPOSAL WRITING
This is an interdisciplinary workshop on grant proposal writing for advanced graduate students from the social sciences and humanities. We'll move from project conceptualization and searching for appropriate funding sources to strategies for building bibliographies, literature reviews, research design, methodology, and on to the theorization of significance. We will work as a group, reading and editing each other_s writing, and abiding by the rules of confidentiality and constructive criticism. Your grade will be based largely on the final product: a draft proposal that should be (almost) ready to send out for review. The objective is threefold: 1) to get the process of funding your original dissertation research underway; 2) to learn the knack of writing in this genre more generally; and 3) to learn how to review the work of others according to specific formal criteria.
Becker, Howard. 1998. Tricks of the Trade: How to Think about Your Research While You're Doing It. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
SEX, DRUGS, AIDS AND CRIMINAL LAW
This course takes an ethnographic and legal approach to the study of the global AIDS pandemic and its implications for criminal justice. A general introduction to biological, institutional, and symbolic dimensions of the epidemic is followed by the study of ethnographic research on and intervention in illegal sexual and drug use behaviors that are HIV transmission risks. Then we focus on the criminalization of sexual transmission, human rights, and the correctional management of people with AIDS (PWAs). Creative development of independent research projects using a comparative, international perspective is an important component of the course. A variety of pedagogical methods will be used, including films, guest speakers, and small-group discussions.
Kane, Stephanie. 1998. AIDS Alibis: Sex, Drugs, and Crime in the Americas. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Articles can be accessed through Dr. Kane's culturex web site (address above).
Altman, Dennis. 2001. Global Sex. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Note: You can access texts on the CULTUREX website or by using site addresses listed below.
Centerforce. 2003. Collaborative programs in HIV, STD and Hepatitis Prevention. Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS) and San Quentin State Prison. Available online at:
*Cooley, Joh. 2000. HIV/AIDS in law enforcement. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin 69(2):1-6.
Editors et al. 2000. Special Report: Prisons. HIV Plus No. 6 (December-January).
Available online at: http://www.aidsinfonyc.org/hivplus/issue6/report/picture.html
(Note: When citing individual articles in this series use individual author's names.)
Elliott, Richard. 2002. Criminal Law, Public Health and HIV Transmission: A Policy Options Paper. Geneva: UNAIDS.
Commonwealth b. Maria Landry. 2002. SJC-08757. Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts 438 Mass. 206; 779 N.E.2d 638. Available at:
Grinstead, Olga, Barry Zack, and Bonnie Faigeles. 1999. Collaborative research to prevent HIV among male prison inmates and their female partners. Health Education and Behavior 26(2):225-238.
*Patterson, David and Leslie London. 2002. International law, human rights and HIV/AIDS. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 80 (12):964-969. Available online at
*other recommended readings:
For National and International surveillance data see:
CDC website: www.cdc.gov/hiv/stats/hasrlink.htm
WHO website: http://www.who.int/emc-hiv/
In this course, we build the foundations of an emerging subfield of criminal justice by integrating theories and methods from the intersection of anthropology, cultural studies, sociology, history, criminology and law. We will approach issues in crime and justice through the lens of culture, provisionally defined as the ways in which people create, transform, and give order and meaning to social action.
The first part of the course focuses on frameworks of interpretation, or how we come to know what we know. The second part focuses on how we and others represent the cultural phenomena we study. The third section focuses on writings on culture by criminologists, an area some call "cultural criminology." Class readings emphasize British and American scholarship and cultures. Class discussions will be amplified and diversified through independent student projects that will contribute knowledge about a variety of other culture areas and campus disciplinary arenas.
Presdee, Mike. 2000. Cultural Criminology and the Carnival of Crime. New York:
Sahlins, Marshall. 1981. Historical Metaphors and Mythical Realities: Structure in
the Early History of the Sandwich Islands Kingdom. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.
Young, Alison. 1996. Imagining Crime: Textual Outlaws and Criminal Conversations.
Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Williams, Raymond. 1977. Marxism and Literature. New York: Oxford. [Note: use
Williams as a reference for key terms.]
Contents of Reader in Cross-Cultural Studies
Foucault, Michel. 1972. Two lectures, pp. 77-108, In, Colin Gordon, ed.
Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings 1972-1977. New
Haraway, Donna. Situated knowledges, pp. 183-201, In, Simians, Cyborgs, and Women:
The Reinvention of Nature. New York: Routledge.
Williams, Patricia. 1991. The brass ring and the deep blue sea, pp. 3-14, In, The
Alchemy of Race and Rights. Cambridge: Harvard.
Fanon, Frantz. 1963. On national culture, pp. 206-248, In, The Wretched of the Earth.
New York: Grove.
Hall, Stuart. 1989. Ethnicity: Identity and difference. Radical America 23(4):9-20.
Koptiuch, Kristin. "Cultural Defense" and criminological displacements: Gender, race,
and (trans)nation in the legal surveillance of U.S. diaspora Asians. Pp. 215-233, In, Smadar Lavie and Ted Swedenberg, eds., Displacement, Diaspora, and Geographies of Identity. Durham: Duke University Press.
Kuhn, Annette. 1985. Living dolls and 'real women' pp. 9-18; Lawless seeing, pp. 19
47; In, The Power of the Image: Essays on Representation and Sexuality. New York: Routledge.
Hebdige. Dick. 1988. Hiding in the light: Youth surveillance and display, 17-36, In,
Hiding in the Light: On Images and Things. New York: Routledge.
Fiske, John. 1994. . Introduction, pp. 1-19; Los Angeles: A tale of three videos, pp.
125-190: In, Media Matters: Everyday Culture and Political Change. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota.
Feldman, Alan. 1994. On cultural anesthesia: From Desert Storm to Rodney King. American Ethnologist 21(2):404-418.
Taussig, Michael. 1992. Terror as usual, pp. 11-35, In, The Nervous System. New York:
Williams, Patricia. 1991. P. Teleology on the rocks, pp. 55-79, In, The Alchemy of Race
and Rights. Cambridge: Harvard.
Garland, David. 1990. Punishment as cultural agent, pp. 249-276, In, Selections from
Punishment and Modern Society: A Study in Social Theory. Chicago: University of Chicago.
Pfohl, Stephen. 1994. The positivistic study of deviance as disease, pp. 131-136;
Refusing compulsory heterosexuality, pp. 425-6; Collective social resistance, pp. 451-452; Realizing racial justice: Another problem of adequacy for the classical perspective, pp. 470-472; Critical theory and the critique of positivist ideology, pp. 470-472; In, Images of Deviance and Social Control: A Sociological History, 2nd edition, New York: McGraw Hill.
In this course, we build the foundations of an emerging subfield of criminal justice by integrating theories and methods from the intersection of anthropology, media studies, legal studies, history, and criminology. We will approach issues in crime and justice through the lens of culture, defined as the ways in which people create, transform, and give order and meaning to social life.
The course focuses on frameworks of interpretation, or how we come to know what we know as scholars, social agents and citizens. In tandem with learning general principles of cultural analysis, we will read a monograph and a series of essays that approach crime as an aspect of culture (ethnography) and culture as an aspect of crime (cultural criminology). We will look for culture in the interfaces between regional, national and global spaces in the United States, Guatemala, Brazil, Turkey, Morocco, France, Australia, Canada, and Mexico. Independent student projects will contribute knowledge about a variety of other culture areas and campus disciplinary arenas.
Required Reading List:
Cintron, Ralph. 1997. Angel's Town: Chero Ways, Gang Life, and Rhetorics of the Everyday. Boston: Beacon Press.
Danesi, Marcel and Paul Perron. 1999. Analyzing Cultures: An Introduction and Handbook. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Howe, Adrian. Ed. 1998. Sexed Crime in the News. Leichhardt, NSW, Australia: Federation Press.
Parnell, Phil and Stephanie Kane. Eds. 2003. Crime's Power: Anthropologists and the Ethnography of Crime. Palgrave Macmillan: New York.
In this course we will read across continents and disciplines, participating in the invention and development of the emerging subfield of cultural criminology. We will draw on theories and methods at the intersection of anthropology, cultural studies, sociology, art history, and criminology. Our cultural crossings will take us to North and South America, Europe, Australia, and Africa. As we immerse ourselves in different social worlds and modes of representation, crime and justice emerge as multifaceted concepts, as diverse in their interpretation and relevance as they are universal in their appearance. Struggles over their meaning are the quintessential cultural enterprise, one that digs deeply into the material forces that shape survival, celebration, and moral and legal judgment.
In Part I, we begin with two ethnographies that analyze the conundrums of understanding the local and personal in regional and global frameworks of action. Relying on methods of participant observation and fieldwork logistics, these ethnographies create shifts of cultural perspective and epistemologies of difference and surprise. In Part II, we follow our authors into the city, the geographical heart of most criminological research. Here we study how language shapes social reality in everyday life and through a mass-mediated social drama revolving around a notorious crime. In Part III, we study our authors’ dilemmas of representing crime and justice in a variety of genres (parody and the museum exhibit, graffiti, photographs) and analyze the motivation and implications of the popular lust for brutal images.
Independent student projects will contribute knowledge about a variety of other culture areas and disciplinary arenas.
Required Reading List:
Kane, Stephanie. 2004. The Phantom Gringo Boat: Shamanic Discourse and Development in Panama. 2nd Edition. Cybereditions.
Nordstrom, Carolyn. 2007. Global Outlaws: Crime, Money, and Power in the Contemporary World. University of California Press.
Modan, Gabriella Gahlia. 2007. Turf Wars: Discourse, Diversity, and the Politics of Place. Blackwell.
Eyerman, Ron. 2008. The Assassination of Theo Van Gogh: from Social Drama to Cultural Trauma. Duke.
Taussig, Michael. 2004. My Cocaine Museum. University of Chicago.
Young, Alison. 2005. Judging the Image: Art, Value, Law. Routledge.
Apel, Dora and Shawn Michelle Smith. 2008. Lynching Photographs. University of California.
INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH METHODS
This course is designed as a "nuts and bolts" introduction to conducting qualitative social science research in an ethnographic framework. The City of Bloomington will provide us with ethnographic field sites in which we will collectively and individually construct research questions, and begin learning how to do participant observation, mapping, interviews, archival research, and textual analysis. In this, we will develop a critical approach to knowledge production though dialogue and reflexive analysis, grounding our understanding and writing in ethical practice. As we come in and out of the field, recursively collecting, analyzing, interpreting, and representing our data with texts, images, and empirical measures, we will consider the role and effects of research in the lives of those people and places we study, in ourselves, and in the field of criminal justice more broadly. There will be room for those who are interested in forms of quantitative analyses to incorporate them within the ethnographic framework.
Required Reading List:
Michael Agar. 1986. Speaking of Ethnography. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Peter Manning. 1987. Semiotics and Fieldwork. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Bonnie Stone Sunstein and Elizabeth Chiseri-Strater. 2007. FieldWorking: Reading and Writing Research. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s.