Environmental Decision-Making in the Argentine Delta.  In, “Comparative Decision Making.” Phil Crowley and Thomas Zentall, Editors. New York: Oxford University Press.

Coastal Conflict: Implementing Environmental Law in Salvador da Bahia. In, “Routledge International Handbook of Green Criminology.” Nigel South and Avi Brisman, Editors. New York: Routledge.

2008 The poisoned waters of Conceiçãozinha. Knowledge Exchange (Photo essay on theme of Transnational Spaces and Subjectivities). Anthropology News 49(5):31.

2005    The ethnography of global port cities: Water, culture, and law. Conference Proceedings: People and the Sea III. CD ROM published by Centre for Maritime Research (MARE), Amsterdam. July 7-8. Available at:    http://law.indiana.edu/curriculum/programs/centers/lawsociety/workshops.shtml

2005 In the shadow of extremes. Special issue: "Reckless Vectors". Sexuality Research and Social Policy: Journal of the National Sexuality Research Center. San Francisco: University of California Press. Will be available at: http://www.ucpress.edu/journals/srsp/

2004 The territorial impulse. Journal of Folklore Research 41.2/3 (2004) 274-286. Special issue on folklore advocacy issue. Available at: http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/journal_of_folklore_research/v041/41.2kane.html

"Folk performances--and folkloristic discourse about them--abound with place and space markers. The latter may refer to a refuge, a stage, a community, an epicenter; to a genealogical landscape, a bureaucratic maze, or an ideological split.1 These markers help orient and ground our activities, but to what extent are they also a means of claiming the places and spaces we reference? I believe that it is useful to analyze the ways in which territorial impulses, such as mapping, structure our fieldwork, writing, and social action so that we may begin to contemplate their effects. Following the writings of David Harvey, "Cartography [or mapping] is about locating, identifying and bounding phenomena and thereby situating events, processes and things within a coherent spatial frame" (2001:220). These operations impose a spatial order on phenomena and play a key role in the formation of personal and political subjectivities. In this sense, mapping includes mental and cognitive maps, as well as externally visualized representations based on grids. My hypothesis is that culturally specific spatial codes underlie the intertwining discursive currents of folklore and ethnography in particular ways; that the folk--those elusive, embodied objects of our disciplinary desire--are textually realized (in part) by us through patterned invocations of place and space. . ."

2004 The unconventional methods of cultural criminology. Theoretical Criminology 8(3):303-321. Also available at: http://ca1.csa.com/htbin/ids65/procskel.cgi

Abstract: This essay is about (a) the dilemmas of doing cultural criminology and (b) the importance of reading criminology through culture. Drawing from the author's research, it presents three tropes of culture-work on crime (village, city street and media), attending to the implications of the observer's documentary presence. While describing rules, logics and practices that compose the bundle of habits and inventions we call methods, I highlight the ways in which methods are differentially situated within hierarchies of knowledge production and dissemination. I argue that as we become participant observers and analysts in and of these contexts, we commonly transform the narratives we collect into data by linking them to maps in our logistics, epistemologies and rhetoric.

2003 The rise of patriarchy in Emberá Indian village law. Ayaangwaamizin: The International Journal of Indigenous Philosophy 3(1): 113-140. Also published in the second edition of The Phantom Gringo Boat (20004, www.cybereditions.com)

In the presence of observers, a mother brutally beats her daughter for sneaking out of the house to have sex with her boyfriend. The father looks on. The family conflict disturbs the normal rhythms of everyday life and the disturbance provides an opportunity for its human agents to enhance the life-force of an abstract entity--the state. Using the roles, language, technology, and rituals of judgment accorded to and by the state, its agents feed off the soul-stuff of a troubled family, institutionalizing the power promised by articulation within national and global social orders, making the abstract real. But as the particular cultural and historical context of this "incident" demonstrates dramatically, when juridical meanings and practices flow through culture they meet other modes of apprehending social imagination and order. The results are unpredictable and transformative, but they are always gendered (pg. 113).

2001 (with T. Mason) AIDS and criminal justice. Annual Review of Anthropology 30, pp. 457-479. Also available at: http://arjournals.annualreviews.org/doi/full/10.1146/annurev.anthro.30.1.457

Abstract: This article reviews scholarship at the intersection of anthropology, criminal justice, and AIDS. Street ethnography is presented in a political and historical context, focusing on the distinctive ways that anthropologists have contributed to discussions of illegal drug and sex markets in poor urban neighborhoods. The review also considers subjects that may be explored by anthropologists in the future, including imprisonment as an institutional HIV risk factor that intensifies individual behavioral risk and the criminalization of intentional HIV transmission. This research area raises critical questions about how culture and law shape viral risk.

2001 Mythic prostitutes, AIDS and criminal law. Ethnologies 23(1):255-287.

Abstract: Three key cases in the legal front against hiv-positive prostitutes in the United States demonstrate the ease with which individual malice or desperation can be amplified to condemn a whole category of marginalized persons. Ethnographic and epidemiologic resources, supplemented by the imagined subjective perspectives of the voiceless women in question, are drawn into textual analysis of legal and mass mediated case reports to identify the pragmatic and ethical implications of the government's shadow approach to AIDS intervention.

(with C. J. Dotson) HIV risk and injecting drug use: Implications for rural jails. Crime and Delinquency 43(2): 169-185. Also available at: http://oh1.csa.com/htbin/ids65/procskel.cgi

Abstract: The Department of Justice estimates that 25% of all state prisoners have injected illegal drugs and that needle use is a major factor in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission among state prison inmates. But little is known regarding the problem in rural jails. Data presented here, based on interviews and questionnaires administered to inmates and staff in Indiana rural county jails, indicate that system management procedures may increase HIV risk to inmates and staff. Formulating policies on HIV risk for rural jails may prove crucial to epidemic management within particular institutions and may be a critical dimension of nationwide transmission patterns.

1996 General Noriega's Toads: An ethnographic theater of the absurd. Social Text 49: 173-186. Also available at:

"War has a way of overturning ethnographic fieldwork, preventing return, interrupting the whirl of deepening experience that gives rise to classic texts. TV, radio, newspaper, book and magazine images emanate from sources in the region of your fieldsite, taunting you with questionable data. Writing out the shared-time experience of participant observation seems almost foolhardy; cut-off from current events, fieldnotes may seem downright surreal. This essay tracks the sense of surreality that shadows observations from the field of ethnographic research and from the mass media that link field to home. The sense of surreality, distilled in the figure of The Toad, is derived from stories the Emberá Indians of Darién, Panama, told to me in 1984 and 1985 (pg. 173)."

1994 Sacred deviance and AIDS in a North American Buddhist community. Law and Policy 16(3): 323-339.

Abstract: This essay presents a community AIDS narrative concerning an alleged case of intentional HIV transmission between spiritual teacher and student. Analysis focuses on the relation between legal and popular representation of criminal intent, the denial of AIDS risk, and the neighborhood of belief. In this framework, alternative application of traditional criminal law and HIV-specific penal statutes are considered as both prosecution strategies and opportunities for public spectacle.

1993 Experience and myth in a Colombian Chocó case of attempted murder. Journal of Folklore Research 29 (3): 269-286. (dated September/October 1992)

"Thinking through myth in the context of individual lives may reveal the strengths and weaknesses of mythic logic when played out in practice. Culture's myths about men and women structure the possibilities and limits of experience. But more often then not, the lives of individuals diverge from myth's collective promise. In cases of abuse, tellings from personal experience may challenge the customary expectations regarding forms of social alliance such as marriage. The true story of how an Emberá Indiana grandmother came to have only one leg provides a dramatic example. Her husband wanted another woman and so took her way into the forest, threw her off a waterfall, and left her for dead. She crawled out and survived to tell her tale. And then there is the Emberá myth, the one about a husband who wanted another woman and so took his wife way into the forest. In contrast to grandmother, the mythic woman got saved by her shaman-father and brothers (pg. 269)."

1992 Prostitution and the military: Planning AIDS intervention in Belize. Social Science and Medicine 36 (7): 965-979.

Abstract: First world militaries based in third world countries offer an appropriate context for developing AIDS intervention models that are keyed to large-scale population movements and regional differences in HIV infection. In this work, the ethnographic concept of 'social interface' replaces the epidemiological concept of 'risk group' to allow for a more dynamic analysis of the particular forms of interactions between groups that may be linked to the sexual transmission of HIV. The social interface between military and sex workers in Belize displays two distinct forms of organization: 1) 'recognized prostitution' in health-regulated brothels, and 2) 'quasi-prostitution' in non-health regulated public sites such as bars and hotels. These two forms are also distinguished by the ethnicity, national origin, and professional identity of sex workers. Based on survey-form participant-observation in Belize and cross-cultural data on condom use, the social identity of sex workers emerges as a factor crucial to understanding how public health information is incorporated by heterosexuals who put themselves at risk for HIV in different social contexts. The scope of analysis shifts between the personal and transnational; discussion of the possibilities for inter-governmental negotiations regarding AIDS policy issues is included.

1992 National discourse and the dynamics of risk: Ethnography and AIDS intervention. Human Organization 52 (2): 224-228.

"We are poised at what could be an important moment in the anthropology of AIDS. The United States sets the lead in much international research and intervention. But the epidemic has broken through the conceptual boundaries of "high risk groups" that have organized these efforts, a fact that has become publicly obvious. Magic Johnson's announcement of his seropositivity spurred increased media coverage, attention to adolescents, and condom distribution at schools. These actions all acknowledge that the risk of HIV transmission is of concern to all sexually active persons despite the apparent "normality" of their sexual, class, race, and pleasure-seeking self-conceptions. For ethnographers and activists who have been working in tense relation to the categorized risk groups, at once working within and against categories in the representational struggle for resources, now is the time to actively reshape the theory and practice of AIDS intervention (pg. 224)."

1992 Race, sex work, and ethnographic representation, or, what to do about Loki's toast. Canadian Folklore canadien 15 (1): 109-117.

1991 HIV, heroin and heterosexual relations. Social Science and Medicine 32 (9):1037-1050.

1990 AIDS, addiction and condom use: Sources of sexual risk for heterosexual women. Journal of Sex Research, Special Issue (Part II): Feminist Perspectives on Sexuality 27 (3): 427-444.

1988 Omission in Emberá (Chocó) mythography. Journal of Folklore Research, Special Issue: Feminist Revisions in Folklore Studies 25(3): 155-186.

1987 (with L. Stoller) Unification of language and neural structure in color vision. Folia Linguistica, Acta Societatis Linguisticae Europaeae 21(2-4): 119-141.

1982 Notes on the acoustic signals of a neotropical satyrid butterfly. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 36 (3): 200-206.

1979 (with B. Shopsin et al.) Sudden death during lithium carbonate maintenance. Excerpta Medica, Proceedings of the International Lithium Conference, pp. 527-551.

Stephanie Kane, Ph.D., Associate Professor
Department of Criminal Justice, Indiana University Bloomington

Last updated: May 2, 2012
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