Folklore | THE INTERNATIONAL FOLKTALE
F545 | 2440 | El-Shamy
Meets with F740. This seminar proceeds from the premise that a tale is "a
description of life and living - -real or fictitious." It is a survey of the
field of the study of narratives that have acquired cross-cultural
continuities (have become "Tale-types"). The significance of such
continuities will be explored.
The contents may be designated as follows: I. Introduction: The
international folk narrative as a sociocultural phenomenon; II. Key concepts
and analytical tools associated with the study of the international tale and
with typology; III. Collecting, Classifying and Studying: Early attempts to
develop classificatory systems: the shared textual qualities; IV. Factors
Involved Studying Folk Narrative Genres: Form; contents; functions or
narrators' intent; performance; context; the social process; kinship ties;
culture-bound symbols and perceptions; historical evidence as a criterion in
classification; the world view of the scholar/classifier; perception within
cognitive systems; V. The Indexes. The Aarne-Thompson Euro-centric
Classification and its relevance to other regions of the World (e.g., Middle
Eastern and Sub-Saharan Data. Aa-Th unclassifiable materials (personal
narratives, belief narratives, historical legends, social reports, communal
event, etc). Morphological patterns as basis for classification; VI. Other
Systems of Classification: Theme; topic; culture institution: the Human
Relations Area Files: G.P. Murdock's Outline of Culture Materials; VII. The
Genres of the International Folk Tale, and Links to Other Categories of
Lore. The proverb, the riddles, beliefs-rituals, customs, narrative folk
poetry (ballad, epic, epic-like sÓÓrah, cante-fable); VIII. Theories,
Approaches (Methods), and the Interpretation of Data (Narrative Materials):
"Historical Reconstructional; the "Historic-Geographic Method"/"The Finnish
School"/Historical Geographical. The Anthropological-Evolutionary theory;
the Functional theory. "The Psychoanalytical and Neo -psychoanalytical";
Performance and Contextual Approaches. Genre and `performance'.
Lecture, discussions, and practical workshop.
Antti Aarne and Stith Thompson, The Types of the Folktale. (FFC No.
Bengt Holbeck, Interpretation of Fairy Tales. (FFC No. 239).
H. El-Shamy, Folk Traditions of the Arab World: a Guide to Motif
Classification. (Ind. U. Press, 1995).
Requirements: One term paper, and 1-3 book/article reports