History | Peace and Non-Violence in the 20th Century
W400 | 2949 | Martin
A portion of the above section reserved for majors
Above section open to undergraduates only
The twentieth century was the most violent in human history with two
world wars and numerous smaller conflicts which caused the deaths of
tens of millions of combatants and civilians. Yet, many also
mobilized in support of the peaceful resolution of conflict. Some
joined Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King in embracing non-violent
principles; some opposed all wars, others opposed certain wars.
Peace movements staged demonstrations to promote conditions that they
believed made war less likely (arms reduction, more equitable
distribution of resources, etc.); some mobilized around the concerns
of specific population groups such as women. International agencies,
of which the most important was the United Nations, were established
to promote peace and peace-keeping. In this world history course, we
will review through case studies the ideas, goals, and activities of
peace movements and peace organizations in the twentieth century, and
discuss what we can learn from history.
This is an undergraduate seminar. Requirements include three short
papers and one longer paper. There are no exams. The course
fulfills the COAS Intensive Writing Requirement.