Philosophy | Thinking and Reasoning
P105 | 3561 | Weinberg

This course is designed to help students think better -- to give them
a clearer sense of what constitute good and bad forms of argument,
and a better understanding of how scientists and philosophers go
about providing evidence for their claims.  There will be three basic
components: (a) the formal structure of symbolic logic, and the
notions of valid and invalid arguments that it provides; (b) accounts
of the scientific method, including the criteria for evaluating an
empirical hypothesis and the right (and wrong) ways to go about
checking such hypotheses experimentally; and (c) cognitive
psychological theories of human reasoning itself, to help us better
see where our own natural inferential tendencies can be trusted --
and, much more importantly, where we can expect them to lead us

The course will have weekly quizzes based on homework assignments; a
midterm; and a final examination