History | Peace and Non-Violence in the 20th Century
W400 | 3081 | Martin


A portion of the above section reserved for majors
Above section open to undergraduates only
Above section COAS intensive writing section and also requires
	registration in COAS W333

The twentieth century was the most violent in human history with two
world wars and numerous smaller conflicts which caused the deaths of
tens of millions of combatants and civilians.  Yet, many also
mobilized in support of the peaceful resolution of conflict.  Some
joined Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King in embracing non-
violent principles; some opposed all wars, others opposed certain
wars.  Peace movements staged demonstrations to promote conditions
that they believed made war less likely (arms reduction, more
equitable distribution of resources, etc.); some mobilized around
the concerns of specific population groups such as women.
International agencies, of which the most important was the United
Nations, were established to promote peace and peace-keeping.  In
this world history course, we will review through case studies the
ideas, goals, and activities of peace movements and peace
organizations in the twentieth century, and discuss what we can
learn from history.

This is an undergraduate seminar.  Requirements include three short
papers and one longer paper.  There are no exams.  The course
fulfills the COAS Intensive Writing Requirement.