Folklore | Roma (Gypsy) Hitory and Culture
F312 | 26785 | Hooker
How have the Roma been depicted by majority society?
How have they used expressive culture to re-shape their identity?
Meets with FOLK F635, CEUS U320, and U520. P- Junior standing or
above (or permission of instructor). This course explores the
history and culture of Europe’s largest minority, commonly known in
English as “Gypsies,” more properly referred to as Roma, Sinti or
Gitano. Since arriving in Europe in the thirteenth century, they
have been enslaved, hunted down, imprisoned, and generally reviled;
at the same time, they have fascinated members of the majority, and
writers, artists, and composers have exploited the exotic flavoring
they find in the image of “Gypsiness.” Roma musicians have also made
themselves indispensable to folk and popular music practices around
the European continent. In the last few decades, even as the human
rights situation for Roma has deteriorated, a growing elite is
forging an international pan-Roma movement – and representing itself
artistically through music and film. We will survey both how
this “mysterious” group has been represented, and how they have
responded creatively to these representations.