History | Modern Central American History
F336 | 25682 | Gould


Above section carries culture studies credit
A portion of the above section reserved for majors
Above section meets with LTAM-L 403 and 503

In this course, we will attempt to get beyond the ideological uses
of Central American history that dominated political discourse
during the 1980s and impeded efforts at understanding contemporary
events.  While probing the historical roots of the violence of the
1970s and 1980s we pay particular attention to the role of ethnic
and racial relations.  This course will focus on the following major
events and processes that have shaped modern Central America, in
particular: 1) Liberalism and the Coffee boom, 1870-1930.  2) Racism
and the African diaspora in Central America.  3) Augusto Cesar
Sandino’s guerrilla war against the U.S. Marines in Nicaragua.  4)
La Matanza, the Communist-led rural rebellion and the subsequent
massacre by the Salvadoran army of between 10,000 people, mostly
Indians.   5)  The Democratic Revolution in Guatemala, 1944-1954
with special emphasis on the role of Indians.  6) Revolution and
Counter-revolution in the 1980s (with special emphasis on Indians in
Nicaragua and Guatemala). 7) Neo-liberalism and its critics.  The
students will read primary and secondary sources that reflect
different perspectives on these major events in the region’s
history.  Lectures will often be followed by class discussions that
will involve debates about the issues raised in the readings, films,
and lectures.  Grading:  Paper – 25%, Mid Term – 30%, Final – 35%,
Participation – 10%.