Philosophy | Topics in Theory of Knowledge
P312 | 26255 | Kaplan

"Aristotle said it is so; therefore it must be so."  To a
significant portion of established academia in early seventeenth
century Europe, this was a decisive form of argument.  But Descartes
held that this argument consists is nothing more than a blind appeal
to authority.  He maintained that it could not establish the truth
of any claim; it could not justify our believing any claim; it could
not secure us knowledge of any claim.  He undertook to provide us
with the wherewithal to determine what is true, what we can
justifiably believe, what we can know.  In so doing he profoundly
influence the way we have thought about these matters ever since.
Beginning with an assessment of Descartes’ efforts, this course will
explore what it takes to have true belief, justified belief and