Anthropology | Ethnicity, Society and Culture in Hungary Part I: From the Beginnings to the End of the 17th Century
E400 | 29015 | Fulemile
“Hungary is Europe in a nutshell” This is how the multiethnic
character of the country was referred to by a geographer at the
beginning of the 19th century, who studied at least 16 coo-habitant
ethnicities in the territory of Hungary. Indeed the Carpathian basin -
a geographic and historic region in East Central Europe surrounded by
the Carpathian Mountains - the one-time territory of historic Hungary,
was for many centuries a crossroad of migrations until and still after
the Hungarian People started to inhabit the area at the turn of the 9
and 10th centuries. When arriving to Europe from the Eurasian steppe
zone, the Hungarians already constituted an ethnically mixed populace.
After the consolidation of settlement and statehood, the kingdom of
Hungary continued welcoming peoples of various origins for many
centuries (Turkic peoples, Moslems, various groups of Slavs, Italians,
Walloons, Germans, Romanians, Jews, Gypsies, Greeks, Armenians etc.).
With it’s rich multiethnic, multi-religious and multi-cultural past
and present, Hungary provides an excellent model for interethnic studies.
The course deals with the ethnic and social subcultures of the region
from historical and anthropological perspectives. It is designed for
two-semesters. The first part of the course in the fall semester
follows the topic from the beginnings to the end of the 17th century.
The second part in the spring semester will concentrate on the 18th,
19th and 20th centuries. Although students are encouraged to attend
both semesters, participation in only a single semester is possible.
The curriculum follows major ethnic and demographic changes in the
given period. The main body of the course comprises the following:
outlines of ethno-genesis, ethno-geography, the economic and social
development of various regional and social groups of people, a
comparison of different life‑styles and mentalities, which were formed
under the impact of coexistence. Besides a basic chronological
orientation in history, there is a strong emphasis on studying the
history of every-day-life, understanding social, economic, demographic
and cultural processes, structures and institutions in different
historic periods. The primary focus is on Hungary, but a wider East
Central European context is used as a tool for comparison.
The course is interdisciplinary, combining data and interpretations
from various fields of social sciences.
No prerequisite studies are necessary.
Midterm Exam: in-class paper (test, blank map, essay) (30 %)
Final Exam: in-class paper (test, blank map, essay) (20%)
10‑l2 pp. term paper (40%)
Seminar work: class activity, reading reports, one seminar
presentation during the semester 10%