History and Philosophy Of Science | Science Revolutions: Plato to Nato
X102 | 18237 | Karin Ekholm


Science Revolutions: Plato to Nato
X102
Monday, Wednesday, Friday
10:10 a.m.-11:00 a.m.
Karin Ekholm

We will look at science and scientific revolutions in two different
respects. In the first part of the course we will examine texts and
practices that played a significant role in the development of the
natural sciences from antiquity through the twentieth century. We
will begin by looking at how philosophers, astronomers and medical
doctors in ancient Greece approached and thought about the natural
world; this will give us a chance to consider what scientific
thinking is and ask how it is distinct from other ways of viewing
the world. With this question in mind we will read excerpts from key
texts and examine how the ideas in them were subsequently developed
and challenged in ancient Rome, in the medieval Arab world, and in
Europe from the middle ages onwards. While in the first part we will
observe the influence of society and culture on the development of
science, in the second part of the course we will look at examples
of how scientific discoveries have compelled society to rethink its
religious, moral, or philosophical values.