Philosophy | Thinking and Reasoning
P105 | 25126 | Weinberg

This is a second 8 weeks course.

This course is designed to help students think better -- to give
them a clearer sense of what constitute good and bad forms of
argument, and a better understanding of how scientists and
philosophers go about providing evidence for their claims.  There
will be three basic components: (a) the formal structure of symbolic
logic, and the notions of valid and invalid arguments that it
provides; (b) accounts of the scientific method, including the
criteria for evaluating an empirical hypothesis and the right (and
wrong) ways to go about checking such hypotheses experimentally; and
(c) cognitive psychological theories of human reasoning itself, to
help us better see where our own natural inferential tendencies can
be trusted -- and, much more importantly, where we can expect them
to lead us astray.

The course will have quizzes several times a week; two midterms; and
a final examination.