Germanic Languages | Seminar in Germanic Linguistics: Paradigms in Phonological Theory
G835 | 27477 | T. Hall
(Cross-listed with L712)
In many languages regular phonological processes either overapply
(take place where they are not phonologically conditioned) or
underapply (fail to occur where they are phonologically conditioned)
to increase the identity of morphologically related words. In
traditional generative phonology such examples require the cycle,
whereas surface-oriented approaches (e.g. Optimality Theory) posit
output-output constraints. This seminar will examine in detail cases
over- and underapplication motivated by morphological identity (also
called Paradigm Uniformity (PU) effects). The goal of the class is
to investigate the various theoretical models that have been
proposed to account for PU effects and to clarify some of the
specific questions which have been discussed in recent (and older)
works, such as: Should PU effects be captured derivationally (e.g.
with the phonological cycle), or non-derivationally (e.g. with
output-output constraints)? Do paradigms have a morphological base?
If so, how is it defined? If there is a base, is it only relevant in
derivational morphology, or is it also important in inflectional
paradigms? Is it possible for low-level phonetic features to be
involved in PU effects? How should the avoidance of homophony in
paradigms be captured formally?
Data will be primarily synchronic, although some diachronic examples
will be discussed as well. Examples will be drawn from a wide
variety of languages (e.g. Arabic, English, German, Hebrew, Latin,
Sundanese, Yiddish). The course presupposes some background in
phonological theory, including Optimality Theory. Students will be
required to present various readings and to write a term paper.
Course materials consist of a packet containing articles and book
chapters, and instructor-generated handouts.