Philosophy | Thinking and Reasoning
P105 | 16836 | Savion
Why do smart people acquire weird beliefs, hold on to them against
all evidence, behave irrationally, and fail systematically in their
To be better equipped to deal with this question we start with some
basic rules of correct reasoning in Propositional Logic and in
Syllogism, and the classification and impact of formal and informal
pervasive fallacies. We’ll then focus on the cognitive sources of
decision-making, belief acquisition and maintenance, and actions.
We’ll look at our dispositions, goals, the roles of cognitive
limitations, the shortcuts we employ, our pet-theories, and
metacognition skills in thinking; we'll then examine some practical
applications of deviations from the logical norms of belief
formation, inference, and behavior.
Final grade is based on class participation, discussion quizzes,
group porject, tests, homework assignments, and a final exam.