French and Italian | Introduction to French Linguistics
F402 | 27539 | Vance, Barbara

This course introduces students to the field of Linguistics – the
scientific study of language – through the analysis of the structure
of French. We will look at three main areas:

1. Sentence structure: how sentences are constructed in
hierarchical as well as linear form; how French sentence structure is
like and unlike that of other languages (with special comparison to
English), how individual sentences are hooked together in discourse,
and how French sentence and discourse structure has changed over time
and continues to change ...

2. Word structure: how words are built up out of the basic
building blocks – morphemes like aim- (a root) and –iez (an
inflectional suffix which designates the word’s function) or –able (a
derivational suffix which adds to the root’s meaning); how form and
meaning are matched up (why is an ambassadrice NOT necessarily a
female ambassadeur – and could this ever change?); how compounds are
constructed differently in French and English (ouvre-boîtes vs. can
opener), and how children and adults invent new words (in different
ways) ...

3. Sound structure: the basic inventory of French sounds and how
it is organized; differences in pronunciation among different
varieties of French in France and around the world; how to write
French (and English) in the International Phonetic Alphabet, thus
overcoming the limitations of a complex but not completely illogical
spelling system ...

Prerequisite: F313 or F314 or consent of instructor.