History | A300 2802 Citizens - Who belongs & Who Doesn't? 7:00-9:00P W BH305 Kroes
A300 | 2802 | Kroes


The United States has had a long national debate on the central question
of "Who is American?"  It is a debate in which the parties all tried to
define the criteria for full membership of the American Republic.  Time
and time again the debate was spurred by the arrival of new immigrants,
from different backgrounds than earlier immigrants, or by groups perceived
as different on the grounds of race, class and gender.  Part of the
emancipation of all such groups consisted in their admission to civil
society as full participants, enjoying the rights and entitlements of
citizens.  Although less crucially defined than the United States by a
history of immigration, European countries each have their internal
critical debates concerning the exclusion or inclusion of people in their
midst, different on the basis of ethnicity, race, class, or gender.
Multiculturalism is a key word to describe an approach in the United
States that wants to open up civil participation for all, while
maintaining and acknowledging cultural and social difference.  Similar
trends can be perceived in European countries and Canada.

Course requirements: The course will explore a range of examples of
debates about citizenship, in Europe and North America.  On the basis of
weekly readings (to be announced later) students will acquire a sense of
the underlying logic in these debates on the social and political
participation of people outside the reach of civil society.  Students will
have to write weekly one-page reports on their reading, summarizing what
they have read and raising main points for discussion in class.  In
addition, they will have to write a twelve-page term paper on a topic
related to the theme of the seminar.

Assessment: Student work will be assessed on the basis of their
participation in class discussion and their weekly writing (25% of final
grade), and on the basis of their final paper (75% of final grade).

Required reading:
Rob Kroes, Citizens All? Essays on Citizenship in a Globalizing World.
Judith Shklar, American Citizenship: The Quest for Inclusion (1991-1995)
Rogers Smith, Civic Ideals: Conflicting Visions of Citizenship in U.S.
History (Yale U.P.,1997)