History | B368 2824 Modern Italy 9:05-9:55 MWF BH330 Ipsen
B368 | 2824 | Ipsen


A portion of the above section reserved for majors
Above section carries cultural studies credit
Above section meets with WEUR W405, W605, & Hist B568
Above section graduate students register for Hist B568

This course will examine the political, social, cultural, and economic
history of Italy over the past two hundred years. We shall cover the
Risorgimento and Italian unification; Liberal Italy and the "mutilated
victory" in World War I; Italian opera and other important cultural
movements in the Liberal, Fascist, and Republican periods; the Fascist
seizure of power and regime; alliance with Nazi Germany, defeat, and
resistance in World War II; the decades-long postwar contest between
Christian Democrats and Communists; the economic miracle of the 1950's and
60's; Mafia, left wing, and right wing violence and terrorism; and recent
political developments including the kickbacks scandal and creation of the
so-called Second Republic.

The following books are required for the course; they have been ordered at
the bookstore and also will be on 3-hour open reserve at the library:

-Spencer di Scala, Ital from Revolution to Republic. Boulder, Westview
Press, 1995.
-Tomasi di Lampedusa, Giuseppe, The Leopard New York, Pantheon Books,
1987[1958]
-Silone, Ignazio, Fontamara. NAL/Dutton, 1981[1930]

Showings will be arranged of the following films:
De Sica, Umberto D (or Visconti, Rocco and his Brother).
Lucchetta, Portaborse (or Amelio, Ladri di bambini)

Students are expected to attend lectures, take part in discussions
(conducted as a part of regular lecture hours), do the required readings,
and see the required films. Assignments will include a short geography
quiz, quizzes on the novels and films, a midterm exam, two short papers,
and a final exam.

Lecture Topics:
Bel paese: the geography of Italy
Topography; the development of Italian cities; Italian demography; and
present-day political divisions.

Italy in the 18th c.; Italy under Napoleon; and the Congress of Vienna

The Risorgimento

Secret societies, revolution and the Roman Republic; constitution reforms.

Unification
War against Austria; Garibaldi's thousand; the additions of Venetia and
Rome

Viva Verdi
Italian opera from Rossini to Puccini

Liberal Italy before Auda: least of the great powers

Liberal Italy after Auda: Giolittian reform

Between "verismo" and the decadence: intellectual culture in Liberal Italy

The proletariat nation: Italian emigration in the 19th century

World War I, the mutilated victory

Post-war chaos, socialism, Catholic activism, and the rise of Fascism

The Fascist seizure of power and the creation of Mussolini's dictatorship

The mature dictatorship: Social and economic policies; war in Ethiopia;

Strapaese vs. stracitto: Intellectual culture in Fascist Italy

World War II
The Pact of Steel; intervention; defeats; the fall of Fascism; the
Republic of Salz and Civil War

Anti-fascist resistance and the founding of the Italian Republic White and
Red resistance; liberation; referendum on the monarchy; a republic founded
on work.

>From ideology to consociativismo: Christian Democrats and communists in
the post-war period.

Neorealism and post-war Italian culture

The Economic Miracle
Economic super growth; rural exodus; south to north migration, la dolce
vita.
1968: Student and worker movements
The Years of the Bullet (Anni dipiombo), right and left wing terror The
Red Brigades; Neo-Fascist bombs; kneecappings, kidnappings;
assassinations; coup attempts.

Southern Italy and the Mafia
The continuing divide between North and South; the Mafia from local
extortion to national politics to international drugs, arms and banking.

The 1980's: New prosperity and consumerism

Economic growth; Socialist government; the changing role of the family;
Catholic resurgence? Scandal and reform? Tangentopoli, Mani pulite and the
birth of the "Second Republic".