Anthropology | HISTORICAL ARCHAEOLOGY
P399 | 0390 | Sievert


What remains did the earliest colonists from Europe leave in Virginia and
New England? What constitute the material remains of brothels? What kinds
of things did African American slaves have, make and use? What happened to
Native American technology after contact? What does capitalism look like
archaeologically? Historical archaeology addresses some of these
questions, but from the perspective of material culture. This class is
designed for students interested in archaeology, anthropology, history, or
American studies. There is no prerequisite, although Anthropology P200,
any other archaeology course, or any American history course will be
helpful. Description: This course takes you into North America's past
using archaeology. Historical archaeology is the study of societies after
the point of contact with European cultures. This time period is one of
culture contact, rapid change, population movement and immigration, and
fluctuating power relations. Historical archaeology is particularly suited
to looking at the archaeology of domestic life for a variety of folks,
including slaves, Native Americans, and European colonists. It is also
useful for examining behaviors that are not well documented otherwise,
perhaps because they are unpopular or illegal. During the first part of
the course, we will cover general topics and methodology. We will evaluate
documents and explore the kinds of documents that historical
archaeologists use. You will get practice evaluating artifacts, including
structures and technology (like bricks, glass and ceramics). We will then
read and discuss 3 case studies that deal with different cultural
situations. Finally we will discuss the implications of historical
archaeology for heritage and preservation issues.

Format: There will be lectures, discussions, slides, labs, videos and at
least one field trip. We will also go to cemeteries in Bloomington to look
at and collect various kinds of historical and social data.

Evaluation: Your grade comes from a set of exercises from the book by R.
Barber (45%), from class involvement (15%), and from a final project (25%)
and presentation (15%).

Textbooks:
In Small Things Forgotten: An Archaeology of Early American Life, by James
Deetz. Edition. Anchor Books 1996.
What This Awl Means: Feminist Archaeology at a Wahpeton Dakota Village, by
Janet Spector. Minnesota Historical Society. 1994
Hidden Lives: The Archaeology of Slave Life at Jefferson's Poplar Forest,
by Barbara J. Heath. University of Virginia Press, Charlottesville. 1999
Doing Historical Archaeology: Exercises Using Documentary, Oral and
Material Evidence, by Russell J. Barber. Prentice Hall, New York. 1994
A Village of Outcasts: Historical Archaeology and Documentary Research at
the Lighthouse Site, by Kenneth Feder. Mayfield. 1994