History and Philosophy Of Science | Unity of Science
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Unity of Science
Jordi Cat

Since the ancient Greeks wondered about the problem of the one and
the many, knowledge in general, and scientific knowledge in
particular, have typically aimed at systematic unification. But
why?  Because God is One? Because the world is One? Or, with Kant,
because the I is One, and concepts and representations are unifiers
and knowledge has its objects constituted through synthesis? Or as a
prerequisite of our understanding it is a matter of mental cognitive
economy? Or...? How is knowledge actually unified? And, if
unification guides reserach, how is knowledge to be unified? The
ideals unification have captured the imagination of scientists and
lay people alike. Should disciplinary boundaries be crossed or
redrawn? Does unification require reduction? Does reduction require
replacement? Should economics follow physics? can physics replace
biology? does biology explain psychology and sociology? should it?
Why has disunity-talk become fashionable? Why does it matter?