Global Village Living-Learning Center | Espionage in the 21st Century
G320 | 27450 | Gene Coyle

(3 cr.) (S&H) (TR) (2:30 - 3:45 pm) Coyle. While some aspects of
espionage have not changed in centuries, new technologies have
changed the way that governments and corporations go about spying.
Airborne imagery has progressed from U-2 spy planes to multi-
spectrum-imaging satellites that can take pictures at night, through
clouds and even through traditional camouflage materials.
International communications that were once carried over HF radios
now fly around the world in digital packets.  Secrets, once stored
in safes, are now stored on computers and servers.  The creation of
ever smaller microchips and power sources has changed the nature
of “bugging” offices and tracking individuals.  All of this in
addition to the fact that before September 11, 2001 much of
intelligence work focused more on rivalries between nation-states,
such as the U.S. and the Soviet Union, than today when terrorist
groups or individual terrorists are the primary targets.  The net
result has been changes in the methodologies of espionage.  We will
explore how all these developments are creating enormous challenges
for intelligence agencies in the 21st century.