History | Politics and Religious Controversy in Late Antique Egypt
H605 | 28350 | Watts


A portion of the above class reserved for majors
Above class open to graduates only
Above class meets with HIST-H705

This course explores how the Council of Chalcedon and its aftermath
changed the political and religious dynamics of fifth and sixth
century Egypt.  It does this by exploring the history and rhetoric
of the first three generations of Egyptian Anti-Chalcedonians.  It
begins by considering how the deposition and exile of Dioscorus of
Alexandria at Chalcedon forged a regional rhetoric of resistance
within the churches and monasteries of Egypt and Southern
Palestine.  The course then turns to second generation of Egyptian
Anti-Chalcedonians who, led by bishop Peter Mongus, tried to craft a
communal identity that both maintained the ideals of resistance
exemplified by Dioscorus and found common theological ground with
the imperial power that had sanctioned his exile.  The course
concludes by examining Egyptian responses to the third Anti-
Chalcedonian generation, a group inspired by Severus of Antioch to
move beyond the compromises of the past but forced by events to
again resist imperial persecution.  Among the secondary themes the
course explores are the use of Egyptian Christian history to
articulate a set of responses to Chalcedon and the degree to which
one can see Anti-Chalcedonianism as a nationalist movement.  The
course involves extensive readings in ancient sources and requires
all students to complete a final research paper.  Students
registering for the H705 section of the course must be able to read
French.  Students without a reading knowledge of French are
encouraged to register for the H605 section.   Knowledge of Greek
and Coptic will be helpful but not required.