History | Hungary between 1945 and 2006
D300 | 29644 | Ablonczy

Above class open to undergraduates and Education MA’s only
Above class meets with CEUS-R 349 and CEUS-R 549

The course offers an overview of the postwar Hungary and an
interpretation of the present situation in this East Central
European country. At the outset the postwar situation, the short-
lived democratic experience (1945-1948) will be also considered and
the gradual communist takeover as well. This period is followed by
the presentation of the totalitarian period of the Hungarian
communism (1948-1956), including the reform period of Imre Nagy.
Special emphasis would be given to the revolution of 1956 and the
freedom fight in October-November 1956 against the Soviet troops and
the forces supporting the dictatorship. The repression after the
revolution, the wave of the exiles will be presented as well as
the “goulash-communism” of Janos Kadar (1959-1989), a relaxed
dictatorship in the country, with his welfare-institutions and a
slow modernization of Hungary. The course will depict the increasing
tensions inside the Hungarian society during the ’80, the economical
exhausting of the regime and thecollapse of the communism in 1989-
1990. In the last part of the course, a quick overview upon the
introduction  of the market economy, parliamentary democracy, and
NATO and EU membership of Hungary will be underlined.

Class work will be based on the relevant chapters of Ignac
Romsics’s "Hungary in the Twentieth Century" (Budapest, 1999, Osiris-