Philosophy | Topics in Theory of Knowledge
P312 | 12648 | Kaplan

"Aristotle said it is so; therefore it must be so."  To a
significant portion of established academia in early seventeenth
century Europe, this was a decisive form of argument.  But Rene
Descartes held that this argument consists is nothing more than a
blind appeal to authority.  He maintained that it could not
establish the truth of any claim; it could not justify our believing
any claim; it could not secure us knowledge of any claim.  He
undertook to provide us with the wherewithal to determine what is
true, what we can justifiably believe, what we can know.  In so
doing he profoundly influenced the way we have thought about these
matters ever since. Beginning with an assessment of Descartes’
efforts, this course will explore what it takes to have true belief,
justified belief and knowledge.