Political Science | Political Philosophy: Revolutions and the Making of the Modern World
Y675 | 29158 | Craiutu

Topic:  Revolutions and the Making of the Modern World

Description of the course. This course explores the concept of
revolution in modern political thought. It does so by examining key
revolutionary moments in the history of modern Europe and America:
1688, 1776, 1789, 1848, 1917 and 1989. All these revolutions
reshaped the political map and challenged the conceptual vocabulary
of social scientists by challenging them to rethink the
prerequisites of political change and the conditions under which the
latter can be brought to a successful end. This course that has both
a historical and a contemporary part focuses on the lessons that
scholars could earn from reflecting on the legacies of these
historical moments. How do revolutions come to an end? What factors
can contribute to constitutionalizing the newly gained liberties?
How must new regimes deal with the legacy of the past? The course
will examine the works of some of the most important interpreters of
these revolutionary moments as well as a few classic works on
revolution (Hannah Arendt and, most recently, Martin Malia). It will
include representative selections from  The Federalist and the Anti-
Federalist Papers,  Burke’s Reflections on the Revolution in France,
Sieyes’s What is the Third Estate, Tocqueville’s The Old Regime and
the Revolution and Recollections, as well as representative
selections from the writings of Marx and Lenin. The last part of the
course will examine the revolutions of 1989 and a few important
theoretical reflections on the events 1989 (Dahrendorf,  Michnik,