History and Philosophy Of Science | Texts, Arguments, Authorship
X521 | 16108 | Jutta Schickore

This course explores how scientific findings are communicated. The
emphasis will be on communication within the scientific community.
We combine philosophical, historical, and sociological approaches to
this topic. For instance, we discuss the ways in which lab research
is cast into the form of scientific arguments. We compare genres of
scientific texts for different audiences (the textbook, the review
article, the grant proposal, the peer-reviewed research article, the
lab paper), consider whether the genre and expectations about
audiences modify the ways in which arguments are presented, and
whether these modifications are epistemologically significant. We
trace how specific genres and modes of communication, such as
scientific correspondence and the scientific article, have changed
since the 17th century and consider the implications of these
changes. We also analyze the epistemological, legal, and ethical
problems of authorship, especially with a view to large-scale
collaborative research.